THE GREEN ARCH – Belgian Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai by Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects

A dynamic monolith dedicated to renewable energies

Project Specs

感谢 Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于:Vincent Callebaut Architectures on gooood
Appreciations towards Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects for providing the following description:

哲学家吉尔·德勒兹说:“相信这个世界,这是我们所最怀念的。我们已经完全失去了这个世界,并且剥夺了它的一切。” 实际上,如今的年轻人正处于两难的境地,一方面是来自最近的气候怀疑论者的否认观点,另一方面则是崩溃论者的警告:我们的文明随时会崩塌,面对气候变化的挑战,它无法迅速地做出改变。

推迟至2021年10月1日开幕的2020迪拜世博会,其主题是“连接思想,创造未来。”在此基础上,Vincent Callebaut Architectures和assar architects两家事务所决定联合他们的专业所长,来向年轻一代做出明确的宣告:在当下,建筑师与市民有能力共同建设生态的、包容且团结的城市。

As the philosopher Gilles Deleuze says : « Believing in the world is what we miss the most. We have completely lost the world. We have been dispossessed of it. » Effectively, today’s youth is stuck between, on the one hand, the denial of the latest climate-skeptics and, on the other hand, collapsologists warning us of the propable collapse of our civilization incapable of quickly reinventing itself to face the challenges of climate change.

The theme of Expo 2020 Dubai, which opens on October 1, 2021, is “Connecting Minds, Creating the Future”. Associated agencies “Vincent Callebaut Architectures” and “assar architects” wanted to use this leitmotif to unite their respective expertise and clearly proclaim the youth that architects and citizens are now able to co-build ecological, inclusive, and solidary cities.

▼2020迪拜世博会比利时馆外观,THE GREEN ARCH – Belgian Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

比利时馆被命名为“绿色拱门”,因为它结合了密集的绿色植物和以实木为材料的未来主义设计。该展馆旨在成为一个可持续发展的范例,将谱写一曲关于再生循环经济、生物基和地源材料、生物气候法则与可再生能源整合、生物多样性以及自然保护的赞歌。

The Belgian pavilion is called “The Green Arch”, as it combines intensive greenery and futuristic design in solid wood. The pavilion aims to be exemplary in terms of sustainable development. It is an ode to regenerative circular economy, to biobased and geosourced materials, to the integration of bioclimatic rules and renewable energies, as well as to the preservation of biodiversity and nature.

▼展馆主立面,Front facade ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼“绿色拱门”结合了密集的绿色植物和以实木为材料的未来主义设计
“The Green Arch” combines intensive greenery and futuristic design in solid wood ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼建筑外观,Exterior view ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼绿植阳台,The balconies with greenery ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

比利时馆坐落在世博会的“移动区”(Mobility District),其建筑设计理念是以迪拜自西向东的盛行风向为轴线,在此基础上为参观者创建一个具有最大遮阳能力和自然通风能力的市集。它的功能空间被设置在较高的位置,以便最大限度地将底层空间留给公众使用。

Located in the “Mobility District”, the architectural concept of the Belgian pavilion is to offer visitors the largest shaded and naturally ventilated agora in the axis of the prevailing west-east winds of Dubai. Its programming is placed higher up so that a maximum of the groundfloor space is free to use for the public.

▼从世博会园区望向建筑,View from the Expo campus ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼底层空间尽可能留给公众使用,A maximum of the groundfloor space is free to use for the public ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

这也意味着“绿色拱门”是以“搭桥”为基础的项目:两根支柱之间覆盖着一个巨大的双曲拱顶,由被称为“双曲抛物面”的极小曲面构成。该抛物面采用CLT(交叉层压木材)建造,线性长度超过5.5公里的云杉百叶构成了一个巨大的木制格栅窗(Mashrabiya),并通过180度的旋转将整个项目包围起来,起到抵御太阳辐射的作用。

This means that “The Green Arch” is based on a “bridge-building”, creating an immense vault with double curvature between its two pillars. This curvaceous vault is generated from a universal mathematical minimum surface called “hyperbolic paraboloid”. This paraboloid is built in CLT – Cross Laminated Timber – with more than 5.5 linear kilometers of spruce louvers generating a giant wooden Mashrabiya – which by rotating of 180 degrees – envelops the entire project to better protect it from solar radiation.

▼从入口望向拱顶,View from the entry way ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼抛物面采用CLT(交叉层压木材)建造,The paraboloid is built in CLT – Cross Laminated Timber ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼木制格栅窗,The wooden Mashrabiya ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼结构细节,Detail ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

市集被设计为一条将“移动区”和“可持续区”直接联系起来的“捷径”。位于底层公共空间的户外家具完全由3D打印的白色混凝土制成。

除了提供比利时的当地主食之外(如薯条、华夫饼和巧克力),展馆还响应“2050智慧&绿色比利时”的口号,为参观者构建了2050年的比利时景观。从拱下的集会空间开始,具有鲜明比利时风格的漫画作品标示出由Facts and Fiction设计的展区导览路线。

The agora was designed as “shortcut”, directly linking the “Mobility District” and the “Sustainability District” by crossing the pavilion. The street furniture of the public spaces on the ground floor was entirely made of 3D-printed white concrete.

In addition to Belgian staples such as French fries, waffles, and chocolate merchants as well as the bistronomic restaurant, the pavilion offers a view of the Belgian landscape of 2050 under the slogan “2050 Smart & Green Belgium”. Starting at the meeting space under the arch, great Belgian personalities draw like comic book characters announce the breadcrumb trail of the educational scenography imagined by our partners Facts and Fiction.

▼底层公共空间,The public spaces on the ground floor ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼户外家具由3D打印的白色混凝土制成,The street furniture was entirely made of 3D-printed white concrete ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼展区入口,Entry to the scenography ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

展区共分为4个特色区域。首先是充满未来气息的、如时空隧道一般的自动扶梯,将参观者引入2050年的时空旅程。在第二个区域,游客将跟随比利时漫画中的英雄人物参观“未来移动实验室”(分为布鲁塞尔、佛兰德斯和瓦隆三个区域),切身体验这些地区在软性和低流动性碳方面的应用成果。第三个区域是“主秀场”,带来一场身临其境的视频投影体验,为2050年的比利时构建出弹性且可持续的城市天际线。最后一个区域是“比利时移动枢纽”,它邀请全年龄段的游客借助前所未有的动态捕捉技术将自身“投射”到比利时未来的城市和生态建筑中。

The scenography is broken down into 4 highlights: First, the futuristic escalator, designed as a space-time tunnel, propels visitors towards the 2050 odyssey. Secondly, once again accompanied by the Belgian comic heros, the “Future Mobility Lab” provides the three regions (Brussels, Flanders, and Wallonia) to exhibit the means they implement to move towards soft and low mobility-carbon at the national level.  Third, the “Main Show” offers an immersive video-projection experience that erects a sustainable and resilient Belgium skyline for 2050. And finally, the “Belgium Mobility Hub” invites everyone, young and old, through unprecedented dynamic capture, to project themselves into the Belgian cities and ecological architectures of tomorrow.

▼“时空隧道”,The “space-time tunnel” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼“未来移动实验室”,The “Future Mobility Lab” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼“主秀场”,The “Main Show” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼“比利时移动枢纽”,“Belgium Mobility Hub” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼导览标识,The tour sign ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

在展览结束时,游客可以在“BeHappy”餐厅品尝比利时的特色美食,或者在全景屋顶欣赏世博会场的独特景观,包括边东边的大圆顶”Al Wasl”以及西边“移动区”的主场馆。

At the end of the exhibition, visitors are invited to taste Belgian specialties in the bistronomic restaurant “BeHappy” or on the panoramic rooftop offering breathtaking views towards the main dome “Al Wasl” to the East or towards the thematic pavilion of the “Mobility District” to the West.

▼“BeHappy”餐厅,Restaurant “BeHappy” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼酒吧,Bar ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼窗户和格栅细节,Window-shades detail ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

“BeBizz”商务中心和VIP休息室同样提供了高度灵活的设施,可举办商务会谈和国际对话活动,促进思想的连接和理想未来的构建。

The “BeBizz” Business Center and its VIP Lounge also offer a high degree of flexibility in amenities to host business talks and international dialogues, to connect minds and create the desirable future.

▼商务空间,Business Center interior ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

从象征性的角度来看,这座细长的桥式建筑彰显了比利时联邦及其各个地区的活力与多元的独特性:团结起来的比利时才是最强大的比利时。

Symbolically, this slender bridge-building represents the dynamism and the plural singularity of federal Belgium and its Regions. Belgium is stronger when it is united!

▼楼梯间,Staircase ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

比利时馆就像是一块为可再生能源而生的“动态巨石”,其顶部覆盖着大型的光伏和太阳能顶棚,能够为展馆的自身消耗提供电力和生活热水。

它同时还是一座亲生物的建筑,包含了丰富的功能空间,其阳台和屋顶遍布着2500多种植被、灌木和树木。会呼吸的滴灌立面能够通过植物的蒸散作用,为供游客玩乐的大型户外平台带来清新的空气。

It is a dynamic monolith dedicated to renewable energies, covered with a large photovoltaic and thermal solar canopy, producing electricity and domestic hot water for the pavilion’s self-consumption.

It is also a biophilic architecture that hosts a rich program whose balconies and rooftop are planted with intensive revegetation of more than 2,500 plants, shrubs, and trees. These “breathable”, drip-watered facades, naturally refresh – through evapotranspiration from the plants – the large outdoor terraces where having fun is encouraged.

▼绿植遍布阳台空间,The balconies are planted with intensive revegetation ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

“绿色拱门”完美地展现了“Belgitude”的概念,这是一种比利时人特有的天赋,他们在欧洲的中心,将充满创造力的拉丁浪漫精神与日耳曼人和盎格鲁-撒克逊人的务实与机智融合在一起。

“The Green Arch” perfectly expresses the concept of “Belgitude”, this typically Belgian aptitude for synthesizing in the heart of Europe the very creative Latin romantic spirit with the pragmatic ingenuity of Germanics and Anglo-Saxons.

▼“拱门”细节,Exterior detailed view ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼“拱门”之下,Under the “arch” ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

项目的建设是在比利时世博会总代表、Régie des Bâtiments和Besix建筑公司的合作下得以完成。共有93加公司参与该项目,其中46加公司为基于循环经济原则设计的展馆提供了赞助,就像是所有人在合力完成一件模型的组装。比利时联邦经济部长Pierre-Yves Dermagne表示:“这是一座不会被摧毁的建筑。它已经做好了万全的准备以进行重建——如果可以,我希望是在比利时。”

在2021年9月于布鲁塞尔原子球塔内举办的新闻发布会上,Dermagne亦表示:“全球性的展览总是有着特殊的意义,尤其是对于一个小国家来说,因为在这里它可以与大国平等竞争。”

The construction is the result of a public-private partnership between the General Commissioner BelExpo, the Régie des Bâtiments, and the Besix construction company. In total, 93 companies took part in the project, 46 of which were involved in sponsoring the pavilion designed on the principles of the circular economy as a giant meccano. “The building will not be doomed to destruction” said Pierre-Yves Dermagne, the Belgian Federal Minister for the Economy. “Everything has been done so that it can be rebuilt, I hope, in Belgium.”

“A universal exhibition is always a special moment, especially for a small country, because it can compete on an equal footing with the big ones”, he noted during the press conference which took place in the Atomium in Brussels on Thursday, September 23, 2021.

▼展馆夜间立面,The pavilion facade by night ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

▼阳台立面,Balcony facade ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

一个国家的智慧首先是其公民的智慧。我们要衷心地感谢我们的每一个团队,是他们让这个梦想成为了现实。

The intelligence of a country is first and foremost that of its citizens. We would like to warmly thank all our teams who made this dream a reality.
—— Vincent Callebaut Architectures

▼各角度夜景,Night view from different angles ©Nizar Bredan/Greg O’Leary/Vincent Callebaut

THE GREEN ARCH
Belgian Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai
Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects
Plot: C77, Mobility District, Expo 2020 Dubai
Plot surface area: 2,179.43 m²
Gross floor area: 4,823.83 m²
Planted surface area: 650 m², or 30% of the plot
Client: BelExpo + Régie des Bâtiments
Builder: Besix + Besix 3D
Architects: Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects
Scenographers: Facts and Fiction + Envie
F&B: Créneau International
Structure Design Office: Ney & Partners + RBG
MEP Design Office: MK Engineering + Jain
Landscaper: Citiscape
Photographers: Nizar Bredan + Greg O’Leary + Vincent Callebaut

More:  Vincent Callebaut Architectures + assar architects。更多关于:Vincent Callebaut Architectures on gooood

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