Stone House is located on a hillside facing the north coast of Minorca, Spain. This new dwelling is built with the same technique and material as the ancient limestone walls enclosing most of the farmlands on the island. Its sequence of superimposed stone layers (facade and fences) blend architecture and landscape into each other. This symbiosis is further strengthened by the fact that the facade’s stone was fully collected from the onsite excavation for the villa’s foundation.
▼街道一侧入口，entrance from the road side
From its generous 100 sqm covered porch, one can contemplate the most imposing cliffs of Minorca or enjoy its sunsets. This indoor/outdoor space functions as an extension of kitchen, dining and living room, and is therefore, where most social gatherings take place. It may be also understood as a grand generic space which allows for flexible settings, binds and interconnects the different day areas and acts as a threshold between house and nature. Thanks to this room’s openable double glazed facade it acts as a true thermal buffer becoming a cosy wintergarden in the mild season, a fresh shaded porch in the hot summers and the perfect hot-air insulating system in the winter. In the garden, wild olive trees and local vegetation surround a large limestone platform with a grey stone-coated swimming pool.
▼在宽敞的门廊处，人们可以欣赏到Minorca壮美的悬崖和落日，from its generous porch, one can contemplate the most imposing cliffs of Minorca or enjoy its sunsets
▼可开启的双层玻璃墙让空间具有热缓冲作用，thanks to this room’s openable double glazed facade it acts as a true thermal buffer
▼这里可以作为一个自由布置的大面积通用空间，连接不同的日间活动区域并作为住宅与自然之间的通道，it may be also understood as a grand generic space which allows for flexible settings, binds and interconnects the different day areas and acts as a threshold between house and nature
▼这片室内/室外空间是厨房、餐厅和起居室的延伸空间，因此也是举办大多数社交活动的区域，this indoor/outdoor space functions as an extension of kitchen, dining and living room, and is therefore, where most social gatherings take place
The client’s program consisted of six bedrooms, living room, dining room, kitchen, garage and auxiliar rooms. All of them were organized around a magnificent double height space that connects both physically and visually the two floors. Thanks to its large upper floor glazing, this space becomes a very bright light-shaft for the whole house which otherwise could have lacked light in its core due to its depth. Thus all the villa’s circulation spirals around this void liberating it from narrow dark corridors and activating its heart.
▼所有空间围绕着在物理和视觉上将两层联系在一起的通高空间组织布局，all the spaces were organized around a magnificent double height space that connects both physically and visually the two floors
▼由于上层大面积的窗户，这个通高空间成为整个住宅中明亮的采光井，thanks to its large upper floor glazing, this space becomes a very bright light-shaft for the whole house
Similarly to the facade’s earthy palette, the interior is a combination of continuous sand-coloured concrete pavement, whitewashed walls, pine wood carpentry and white-veiled wooden beams. These natural materials create a both warm but also airy atmosphere within the pastel range. All built-in kitchen furniture and wardrobes are custom made by a local carpenter. Details such as a solid hovering stair with integrated handrail-lighting create an interesting dialogue between traditional and contemporary architecture. Kitchen, wardrobes, libraries and niches were built in masonry keeping simplicity as a common thread. Furthermore, the use of soft indirect illumination was also designed throughout the house, avoiding placing exposed lighting fixtures on walls or beam-ceilings.
▼室内框景，interior frame view
▼室内采用连续的沙色混凝土地面、白色粉刷墙面、松木木工制品和涂刷为白色的木梁，the interior is a combination of continuous sand-coloured concrete pavement, whitewashed walls, pine wood carpentry and white-veiled wooden beams
The client’s explicit wish to take strong references from the local traditional architecture faced the challenge of not falling into pure replica. The facade’s composition responds to a reinterpretation of the Minorcan custom of framing windows and edges with white plaster, thus creating a geometric patchwork of off-white plaster and light-tone stone. Thin steel frames project beyond the solid facade to protect the windows from direct sun and support the foldable wooden shutters. In order to enhance this thick/thin contrast, all windows were aligned to the interior and its frames were embedded from the outside creating the illusion of open holes on a stone wall.
▼米白色灰泥和浅色石材的几何拼贴，a geometric patchwork of off-white plaster and light-tone stone
▼纤细的框架超出实体立面，thin steel frames project beyond the solid facade
▼所有的窗户都与内部齐平，窗户框架从外部嵌入，形成在石墙上开洞的错觉，all windows were aligned to the interior and its frames were embedded from the outside creating the illusion of open holes on a stone wall
Inspired on the robustness and compactness of ancestral architecture, however using modern construction systems, this house reaches the highest ranking in sustainable performance. Its highly insulated skin, its facade’s solid-glass proportion and its flexible shading techniques guarantee a pleasant temperature all year around.
▼露台夜景，night scene of the terrace
▼街道一侧夜景，night scene from the road side
▼泳池一侧傍晚景色，view from the swimming pool side at nightfall
▼首层平面图，ground floor plan
▼二层平面图，first floor plan
PROJECT:Single Family House
COLLABORATORS: Building Engineers Mus&Segui, Landscaping by Cristina Gil de Biedma & Bárbara Saavedra
SIZE: 450 m2
LOCATION: Minorca, Spain
Partner-in-Charge: Alicia Casals
Project Leader: Alicia Casals
Team: Karl Johan Nyqvist, Mira Botseva, Jennifer Méndez
Photography: Joan Guillamat