项目概述 | Project Description
The Menil Drawing Institute is the first freestanding facility in the United States created especially for the acquisition, study, exhibition, storage, and conservation of modern and contemporary drawings. Situated on the 30-acre campus of the Menil Collection as a hub among the pedestrian routes and existing art buildings (the main museum building, Byzantine Fresco Chapel, and Cy Twombly Gallery), the new building provides a purpose-built home for the Menil Drawing Institute, which has existed as a program of the Menil Collection since 2008. The Menil Drawing Institute is the first building for art added to the Menil’s architecturally distinguished ensemble under a long-range plan to enrich and enhance the enclave in the heart of Houston.
▼建筑外观，exterior view ©Richard Barnes
▼南立面，south elevation ©Richard Barnes
▼西立面，前方是Ellsworth Kelly的作品《Menil Curve》，west elevation, with Ellsworth Kelly’s Menil Curve , 2015 ©Richard Barnes
光的调节 | Modulation of light
Responding to the goal of elevating the presence of drawings on the Menil campus and making them accessible to the public, the design achieves an unprecedented interplay between indoor and outdoor space in a facility for highly light-sensitive works on paper. As visitors approach and enter the Menil Drawing Institute, the design naturally and incrementally reduces the intensity of the sharp Texas sunlight by means of the canopy of the surrounding trees and the roof canopy of the building. A modest level of baffled light, spilling into the building through two entrance courtyards and a “scholars’ cloister,” orients visitors and scholars in the areas of public gathering. More controlled gradients of artificial light define the areas for exhibition and storage. In the study room, a skylight fitted with fritted glass and a sailcloth scrim (not unlike the sailcloth ceiling of the Cy Twombly Gallery) admits natural light, so that researchers may notice subtle changes in the sky throughout the day.
▼建筑顶篷的设计让游客在进入绘画馆时能够感受到阳光逐渐变得柔和，the design naturally and incrementally reduces the intensity of the sharp Texas sunlight by means of the canopy of the surrounding trees and the roof canopy of the building ©Richard Barnes
▼多平面的屋顶结构，faceted roof ©Richard Barnes
与景观的关系 | Relationship to the landscape
Expansive lawns and magnificent live oaks are prominent natural features of the Menil campus and provide a key to the planning of the Menil Drawing Institute. The design includes trees that are surrounded by square, open-roofed courtyards at the west and east entrances to the building as well as a “scholars’ cloister” to the north. The principal structural element unifying the courtyards and interior volumes is a thin, white, folded steel plate roof. The roof appears to float in the landscape when viewed from a distance, pierced intermittently by the treetops.
▼东立面，east elevation ©Richard Barnes
▼白色的薄钢折板屋顶统一了庭院和绘画馆的风格，the principal structural element unifying the courtyards and interior volumes is a thin, white, folded steel plate roof ©Richard Barnes
▼西侧庭院，the West Courtyard ©Richard Barnes
▼从西侧庭院望向西入口，the West Courtyard looking into the West Entrance ©Richard Barnes
▼E. Rudge Allen家族庭院（学者庭院），E. Rudge Allen Family Courtyard (Scholar Courtyard) ©Richard Barnes
公共空间和专用空间的结合 | Mingling of public and professional space
The enclosed volumes set between the three courtyards provide the main program areas. A “living room”—both a circulation spine and a gathering place—runs between the west and east entrance courtyards. On the living room’s south side, the space opens into the exhibition galleries. On the north, the living room gives access to administrative offices on one side of the scholars’ cloister and to study rooms and the conservation lab on the other.
▼穿插在三个庭院之间的实体体量是主要的功能区域，the enclosed volumes set between the three courtyards provide the main program areas ©Richard Barnes
▼“会客厅”，living room ©Richard Barnes
▼从会客厅望向学者庭院，detail of Living Room looking into the Scholar Courtyard ©Richard Barnes
▼布朗基金会画廊，Brown Foundation Gallery ©Richard Barnes
▼Janie C. Lee画室，Janie C. Lee Drawing Room ©Richard Barnes
▼阅览室，study ©Richard Barnes
适宜的尺度 | Intermediate scale
As a public facility for artworks that are frequently intimate in scale, the Menil Drawing Institute is midway in size between the domestic architecture of the surrounding bungalows and the institutional architecture of the main museum building.
▼南立面和东侧庭院，detail of South Elevation and East Courtyard ©Richard Barnes
家具设计 | Furniture Design
Johnston Marklee与加州Wood & Plywood家具公司的Jeff Jamieson合作，为Menil绘画馆定制了一系列家具，包括长凳，桌子，软凳，和桌上办公用品。该系列里的每件成品的设计灵感都来自于绘画馆的基本结构形式。
Johnston Marklee has designed a custom collection of benches, tables, ottomans, and desk accessories for the Menil Drawing Institute, in collaboration with Jeff Jamieson of Wood & Plywood Furniture in California. Each piece in the collection is inspired by the elemental structural forms of the building.
▼室内细部，interior detailed view ©Richard Barnes
园区的新节点 | A new campus node
When it opens to the public, the landscape between the Menil Drawing Institute and the Energy House will be a pivotal center for the Menil campus, connecting the existing museum area to a new park (with an acre of new open space) and green space to the south. The design extends and amplifies the unique blend of institutional and residential characteristics of the campus while introducing layers of landscape enhancement.
▼南立面，south elevation ©Richard Barnes
通用性与多样性 | Versatility and variation
Drifts of smaller trees, inspired by the oak motts of the Texas prairie, define a series of open and enclosed spaces in the landscape surrounding the Menil Drawing Institute, creating varied opportunities for the display of outdoor art. A shaded platform and lawn near the Energy House functions as a flexible social space that can be used for outdoor events, lectures, small concerts, and movies projected onto the Energy House’s east wall.
▼夜景，night view ©Richard Barnes
Menil绘画馆庭院 | Menil Drawing Institute courtyards
The courtyards’ design responds to the quiet eloquence of the Menil Drawing Institute architecture and to the qualities particular to the drawings themselves: subtle tonality, implied movement, and the registration of form against void. The ground plane of each courtyard consists of gravel and fractured marble fragments in a range of sizes, complementing the building’s wood and metal planes and providing a textured surface that will accentuate the play of light and shadow. The trees and understory planting vary in each courtyard to give each space its own expression of lightness and weight, continuity and contrast, intimacy and openness.
▼碎石和大理石与建筑使用的木材以及金属材质形成互补，the ground plane of each courtyard consists of gravel and fractured marble fragments in a range of sizes, complementing the building’s wood and metal planes ©Richard Barnes
▼窗边的休息空间，Alcove looking north ©Richard Barnes
Leadership: Rebecca Rabinow, Director
Louisa Stude Sarofim, Chair Emerita, Board of Trustees Douglas L. Lawing, President, Board of Trustees
Architects: Johnston Marklee, Los Angeles, CA
Sharon Johnston, FAIA, and Mark Lee, Founders and Partners
Landscape Architect: Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates Inc., Brooklyn, NY and Cambridge, MA; Michael Van Valkenburgh, Principal
Location: Houston, TX
Project Size: Total area: 30,150 sf; Footprint: 17,000 sf; Height: 16 ft. / 22 ft.
Construction Cost: $40 million
Capital Campaign: Ending on December 31, 2017, The Campaign for the Menil raised more than $121 million, surpassing its original goal by more than $6 million. The campaign has supported the realization of the Menil campus master plan, Menil Drawing Institute construction, new Energy House, addition of public amenities, expansion and enhancement of green spaces, and endowment increase.
Interior: white oak wood floors, architectural concrete floors, plaster walls and ceilings, painted wood paneling
Exterior: painted steel plate, stained Port Orford cedar, architectural concrete, steel-framed glazing
January 2009:David Chipperfield Architects selected to design master site plan for the Menil Collection
June 2012: Johnston Marklee selected as architects for Menil Drawing Institute
June 2013: Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates announced as landscape architects for the Menil campus
March 2015: Groundbreaking
September 2016: Topping out Summer,
2018: Construction complete
November 3, 2018: Opening Day