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Surrounded by high-density residential high-rises in Qianjiang New Town, the land use of Hangzhou Shengli Primary School Affiliated Kindergarten is quite limited, less than 3,700 square meters. However it still needs to meet the scale of 9 classes and diverse functions. Under the strict site constraints, the architects conduct a series of design strategies to adhere to the principle of creating a space full of sunshine and vitality for children as well as the satisfaction of the functions.
▼幼儿园外观远景，附属幼儿园主入口与胜利小学的形体设计相呼应，distant exterior view of the kindergarten, the main entrance design between the affiliated kindergarten and Shengli primary school has consistency
限制中的创造 | Creation in restrictions
Outdoors and nature are the key space for children to grow up healthily. To strive for as much space for outdoor activities and reduce the shadow of high-rise residential buildings and primary school from the south, the kindergarten’s building blocks are centrally located along the eastern, northern and western red line, enclosing quiet and spacious outdoor space. As a high-frequency activity space for children, the teaching units insert the entire building block with lightly dislocated but south-facing boxes to obtain the sunshine as long as possible.
To deal with the contradiction between functions and floor area ratio, the architects borrow space from underground and roof terraces. The auxiliary room such as kitchens is arranged in the basement, with skylights, high side windows, sinking courtyards to fully meet the needs of ventilation and lighting. The roof terraces in the first and second story serve as the safe outdoor venue for children.
▼户外活动空间与露台活动场地，the outdoor space and terrace venue
▼庭院式户外活动空间，the outdoor courtyard space
▼半地下室活动空间的屋顶露台，为孩子们增加安全的户外活动场地，天窗有利于露台下方活动空间的采光，the roof terrace of the semi-basement activity space, the roof terrace serves as the safe outdoor venue for children, and skylights meet the needs of ventilation and lighting of the interior space under it
光与影的设计 | Space of the Light and Shadow
Through the design of light and shadow, the architects try to create a space that inspires children’s imagination.
On the façade, the randomly placed windows of different sizes convey the idea of free-form creativity. These windows are also at different height indoors, which can provide a diversity of usages of sitting, leaning or looking up with the growth of children, bringing them different insights to observe the outside world.
▼幼儿园外立面局部，整体呈现浅灰基调，the overall light gray façade
▼幼儿园外立面局部，设有绿框的凹凸点窗，partial exterior view of the facade with the green-framed windows
The main entrance foyer is an atrium full of light. Pouring from the rounded triangular skylight, the light creates the shadows through the handrails of the straight stairs. In the afternoon, the light goes obliquely from west windows into the atrium. Children can enjoy running up and down along the stairs in the atrium, chasing the shadow of change, which represents the life education concept of “inspiring the vitality of the children and promoting their endogenous development”.
▼主入口门厅中庭，蓝色飘带设计贯穿整个中庭，光线从圆角三角形天窗中洒下，the main entrance foyer, blue ribbon runs throughout the atrium, and the rounded triangular skylight introduces the light
▼主入口门厅中庭，光线透过天窗投下，形成丰富的光影效果，the main entrance foyer, light pours from the skylight, creating the shadows
▼洒满阳光的走廊和空间，bright corridors and spaces
▼圆角三角形的中庭采光顶，the rounded triangular lighting roof in the atrium
In the indoor teaching room, the light through the window frame is divided into staggered rectangles, which inspires the children’s creativity. In the semi-basement activity space, three colored skylights appeal the children to look up, thinking and exploring the mysterious light.
▼半地下室活动空间，设有三个异形、色彩各异的采光天窗洞口，the semi-basement activity space with three diverse colored skylights
作为点缀的三原色 | Three Primary Colors as the Embellishment
The architects choose the yellow, blue and green as the three primary colors from the logo of Shengli Primary School in the original Victory Elementary School, with a contrasting approach to stimulate a relaxed and vivid atmosphere. On the overall light gray façade, the teaching unit blocks highlight the impression as floating boxes through bright three primary colors, and also make it easy for the children to recognize their classrooms. While inside the teaching units, the interior is still dominated by milky white walls and wooden floors to create a warm atmosphere. At the same time, according to the different requirements on duration, lighting and height of the space between the activity area and the nap area, architects adopt the loft design in the height of 4.5m, contributing to the unique experience of the flowing space as well as the high efficiency of spatial utilization.
▼活动区与午睡区分离的Loft教学单元，Loft design separating the nap area from the activity area
In the bright milky white indoor space, the colors are adopted as a hint for the continuation or division of the space. For example, the ground, stairs, corridors and skylights in the atrium are connected through the blue color enhancing the integrity of the space. While the corridor windows are painted in different colors in different stories to help the children distinguish which floor they are on.
▼室内空间局部，高低错落的蓝色观察窗洞作为室内外空间分割的暗示，partial interior view of the kindergarten with the blue indoor observation windows as a hint for the division of the space
持续渐进的共建过程 | Continuous and Gradual Co-Construction Process
From the beginning of the project to the opening of the kindergarten for a year, the perfection of construction and utilization is inseparable from the continuous communication between the architects and the participants. The architects design the atrium with the straight stairs to promote the spatial cognition and experience of children, which works as the soul space and is respected by all participants through communication at the beginning. The architects also take the optimization suggestions from the clients, creating a series of blank space for users to make independent arrangement. The teachers also understand and respect the design and enhance the design by the interaction, adaptation and adjustment of the space. They integrate flexibly the teaching, games and communication activities into the teaching unit, activity room, and even the atrium, corridors and outdoor venues, making the children enjoy the experience and exploration in different spaces.
▼南立面图与主入口立面图，south elevation and the main entrance elevation
▼北立面和西立面图，north elevation and west elevation
Project name: Hangzhou Shengli Primary School Affiliated Kindergarten
Design year: 2014.Oct – 2015.Nov
Completion Year: 2016.Aug – 2018.Jul
Lead Architect: Xuzhuang Fan
Architecture Design Team: Su Wang, Yuansheng Zhang, Structural Design Team: Zhenfen Jin, Shaohua Li, Shengxian Chen
Electromechanical Design Team: Huoming Fang, Lujia Lin, Guoxing Zheng, Qinpeng Huang, Xiaodong Ren, Xiangqun Li, Minjie Ye, Yanxin Zhou
Interior Design Team: Jingyuan Li, Lifeng Zhu, Ning Tian, Xiaoyan Zhu, Zhiyong Ren
Landscape Design Team: Haojun Yao, Jiangfu Li, Wenqiang Zhou, Wenjiang Li
Curtain Wall Design Team: Qi Jiang
Project location: No.169,Yingu Road, Shangchen District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province
Ground floor area (square meters): 2561
Gross Built Area (square meters): 3485
Photo credits: Yong Zhang
Clients: Qianjiang New Town Construction Headquarters
Brands / Products used in the projrct: colorful real stone paint, metal handrail, insulating glass