In the urban construction, there are always some plots left because of their limited areas. Since August, 2018, Chongqing has begun to make use of this kind of lands to build a series of sports culture parks, ninety two of which will have been built by 2020. Designed by GVL, Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Culture Park is one of the first completed parks.
Located in the north of Dadukou District where Shuangyuan Road, Shanchuan Road and Shanhe Road meet, the park is surrounded by high-density residential communities which are in need of activity spaces. Based on the demands of the local residents, GVL team has taken advantages of the natural resources and created a sports culture park for all ages.
▼公园俯视总平面图，the top view of the park
▼公园鸟瞰图，打造一个满足全年龄活动的社区公园，bird-eye’s view of the park, creating a sports culture park for all ages
地尽其利，高差处理 | Make The Best Of The Land – Height Difference
Occupying an area of 20,452 m2, the site is about 140 m long from the east to the west and 170 m from the south the north. The terrain is complicated with multiple height differences —– height difference between the highest part and the lowest part reaches 13.5 m. Trying to keep the original hilly terrain, the design team has created gentle slopes, lawns and hedges instead of retaining walls.
▼公园局部，沙池边休憩阶梯，家长可“居高临下”看护孩子，partial view of the park, steps for parents to take a rest and watch over their children
▼儿童活动区，采用缓坡、草坪等方式，尽可能保留山地特征，playground for children, creating gentle slopes and lawns to keep the original hilly terrain
▼儿童活动区，结合地形设计攀爬空间，场地铺设透水材料，引流雨水，playground for children, creating climbing space by taking advantage of the terrain, and permeable pavement ensuring good drainage
百家相聚，廊架设计 | Gathering Center – The Central Corridor
▼廊架概念演绎，the generation process of the central corridor
In the old days, Chinese people had the tradition of making clothes with rags collected from other families, because they believed that children wearing this kind of clothes would be blessed. Making use of the left lands to build sports parks for the communities is also a blessing for the residents. Based on this tradition, the designers have made reference to the blessed clothes of Qing Dynasty which is collected in the Art Museum of Tsinghua University, trying to create a friendly and unique corridor for the users with its fresh colors and elegant structure.
▼公园中心廊架远景，色彩鲜明、造型质朴，the central corridor in the distance that is in fresh colors and elegant structure
As one of the most important landscape elements in traditional Chinese gardens, corridor is mainly used for connection and leading the way. “Visitors to the park may have no idea about the design idea, but they will feel warm and familiar with it. This recognizable gathering corridor is just what we want.” said the designers.
▼中心廊架俯视图，色彩清爽，便于识别，the top view of the central corridor with recognizable fresh colors
▼中心藤架近景，结构简约，最大限度释放空间，close view of the central corridor that is a simple and elegant structure
▼中心藤架下方空间局部，the space under the central corridor
巧用天时，日照分析 | Make The Best Of The Climate – Sunlight Analysis
▼当地夏至日照分析，sunlight analysis on the Summer Solstice
Chongqing is well known as one of the four “furnace cities” in China. When studying on the site, the design team were happy to find the surrounding buildings happened to shadow the park. Thus they’ve analyzed the sunlight and the living habits of the local residents, creating a series of landscapes and sports facilities accordingly.
▼当地冬至日照分析，sunlight analysis on the Winter Solstice
The children’s playground is designed in the ventilated area. Varied fitness equipment and deciduous trees are scientifically arranged in or around the fitness area, allowing people to enjoy sunlight in winter and shadows in summer.
▼老人健身区，配合落叶遮荫树，设置在冬季日照条件较适宜的区域，fitness area for the elderly, fitness equipment and deciduous trees are scientifically arranged in or around the fitness area
亲子互动，活动设施 | Parent-children Interaction – Activity Facilities
According to the survey on the living habits of different people, the design team has designed different sports spaces for all ages, among which the most popular space is the children’s playground. Interactions between parents and children are quite normal but exteremely touching in this area.
▼公园中的足球场，the football field in the park
林下凉街，绿化空间 | Shady Street Provides Green Spaces
To continue the urban context, the design team uses tree groups to imitate the traditional buildings along traditional Chongqing streets. The width of the path is also designed according to the traditional street. Transforming the urban context and scale into different landscape spaces is also a way to eliminate the sense of strangeness.
▼公园园路俯视图，参照重庆老街的宽度设计公园的园路，the top view of the path that is designed by imitating the traditional buildings along traditional Chongqing streets
The ground is mainly paved with environment-friendly permeable asphalt and ashlar bricks, and the green plants are mainly selected from local species. Just as the designers said, “the park is the place for hundreds of families, and the green spaces under trees will be ideal place for them to stay and relax. When the trees and plants grow up, they will make the spaces more comfortable.”
▼公园步道，采用水沥青、仿石砖等生态环保材料作为铺面，the path that is paved with environment-friendly permeable asphalt and ashlar bricks
▼公园健身步道，地面铺装采用透水沥青，footpath paved with permeable asphalt
▼公园步道旁的休息空间，the seating area beside the path
城市更新，从公有到共有 | Urban Renovation: From Public To Sharing
According to the official statistics, since its opening, the number of visitors to the Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Cuture Park has reached an average of 3,300 person-times per day. Besides the nearby residents, the sub-district offices and schools would also like to hold activities here. From a publicly-owned land to a sharing space, the park has greatly encouraged the communication between people and provided a more colorful lifestyle.
▼公园夜景，the night view of the park
The idle lands usually become “dead corners” of a city. Different from traditional urban public facilities, corner parks will play an important role in promoting the development of the culture, ecology and society if well treated and designed. Adding to urban open spaces, optimizing the city image and promoting the city quality, corner parks are now blooming everywhere. And they are pretty important in building a park city.
▼总平面图，the site plan
委托单位：龙湖 / 道合
Project: Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Culture Park
Developer: Longfor / DONEHOME
Category: Urban Renovation
Area: 20,452 m2
Year of Design: 2018
Year of Completion: 2019
Landscape Design: GVL