由Fender Katsalidis事务所设计的南半球最高住宅楼 —— Australia 108，现已竣工。项目坐落于墨尔本南岸，毗邻CBD，共100个楼层，总高度达319米。该项目的落成堪称澳大利亚，甚至全球范围内住宅建筑史上的壮举，同时也为当地城市开创了一个新的城市地标。
Fender Katsalidis completes the Southern Hemisphere’s tallest residential tower in Melbourne. The Southern Hemisphere’s tallest residential tower, Australia 108, is now complete with the Fender Katsalidis-designed skyscraper spanning 100 levels and 319 metres into the sky. Located in Southbank, adjacent to Melbourne CBD, Australia 108 is a new urban marker for the city with the completion an architectural feat for both Australia and residential architecture globally.
▼远观项目，viewing the project at distance © Peter Bennetts
The highly sculptural glass tower has taken seven years to complete, from initial design conversations, to today as a new landmark designed to be viewed from near and far. A striking feature of Australia 108 is a gold ‘Starburst’, two levels which protrude six metres outward from the main structure in the shape of a star. Expanding the building’s footprint, the Starburst is an exclamation mark in the sky, inspired by the Commonwealth Star on the Australian flag. It is situated approximately two-thirds of the way up the building with an unrivalled level of amenity inside.
▼由街道看项目，viewing the project from the street © Peter Bennetts
▼墨尔本城市新地标，Melbourne’s new city landmark © Peter Bennetts
本项目紧邻Fender Katsalidis事务所的另一栋高层建筑作品 —— 尤里卡大厦(Eureka Tower)。在本项目落成之前，尤里卡大厦一直是墨尔本最高的建筑，直到如今，其最高建筑的地位被Australia 108所取代。玻璃、金色元素、白色条纹，极具辨识度的设计语言与材料完美融入两栋摩天大楼中。“城市中最高的两栋建筑由同一家事务所设计完成是非常不同寻常的，我们很自豪能在墨尔本做到这一点。我们也因此有机会使这两栋塔楼之间形成对话，在保证每栋建筑的特色的同时，使它们成为城市天际线上的伙伴。”Fender Katsalidis总监Craig Baudin说。
The building is a neighbour to Eureka Tower, also designed by Fender Katsalidis, which held the title of Melbourne’s tallest building until being eclipsed by Australia 108. Elements which are integrated in both buildings include the design language and materiality, from the use of glass and gold, to the white banding. “It’s unusual for an architecture firm to design two of the city’s tallest buildings and we are proud to have done this in Melbourne. We have used this as an opportunity to allow the towers to have a dialogue with each other, being partners in the skyline, while each expressing their own identities,” says Fender Katsalidis director Craig Baudin.
▼Australia 108与尤里卡大厦(Eureka Tower)，Australia 108 and Eureka Tower © Peter Bennetts
Fender Katsalidis事务所的总监Nicky Drobis对设计团队取得的成果感到自豪，她解释了Australia 108是如何在摩天大楼建筑领域脱颖而出的。“Australia 108的落成对我们来说是一个不可思议的里程碑，它的意义不仅仅在于建筑高度，更在于其中的设计理念。设计试图重新定义摩天大楼的概念，打破人们对摩天大楼的刻板印象。采用创新式悬臂技术的‘Starburst’体量，为人们提供了另一种体验建筑的方式。”
Fender Katsalidis director Nicky Drobis is proud of the outcome the design team has achieved and explains how Australia 108 stands out in the realm of skyscraper architecture. “The completion of Australia 108 marks an incredible milestone for us which extends far beyond that of the building height. The design tries to redefine some of the stereotypes around how skyscrapers are expressed – from the innovative, cantilevered Starburst to the varying ways the building can be perceived.
▼由公园看两座摩天大楼，viewing two skyscrapers from the park © Peter Bennetts
World Class Global首席执行官David Ng表示，Australia 108可谓是一项里程碑式的重大成就，项目启动的时刻对World Class Global团队的每个人来说都是值得骄傲的一天。“当我们开始建造这个开创性的建筑时，我们的愿景是创造一座墨尔本独有的摩天大楼，在与城市天际线和谐相接的同时为人们提供无与伦比的居住体验。我们很高兴能与我们出色的项目伙伴一起实现这一愿景。”Ng先生说道。“尽管经历了去年疫情的挑战，但是目前我们在建设阶段已经取得了重大的进展，这将是我们永远引以为豪的事情。”
World Class Global CEO David Ng said the grand completion milestone at Australia 108 was a proud day for everyone in the World Class Global team. “When we set out on this ground-breaking build, our vision was to create an unrivalled living experience unique to Melbourne that would harmonise with the existing skyline. And we are thrilled to have realised this vision with our amazing project partners,” said Mr Ng. “We have come so far during the construction phase of the project, even through the challenges of last year, and this is something we will always be incredibly proud of.”
▼两层楼高的金色异形体量从主体结构突出来，two levels which protrude six metres outward from the main structure in the shape of a star © Peter Bennetts
▼仰视建筑，looking up the building © Peter Bennetts
“除了考虑到城市天际线外，我们更加关注建筑的街道层面，以丰富建筑与观众之间的互动模式，”Nicky Drobis解释道，“在多个层面上，本项目都是名副其实的墨尔本城市地标。我们的目标是为市民、本地居民以及未来的游客提供一种全新角度来欣赏这座城市与城市之中的建筑。” 底层裙楼保留了传统的立面形式，底层以上10层的停车场，均被金丝雀棕榈树与树木覆盖，这种设置为建筑打造了一个明显的绿色分层。
“While the way the tower is viewed in the skyline is important, we have also chosen to focus on the street experience and the different scales of interaction that viewers of the building might have. “There are many aspects that make up this truly multi-faceted landmark and our aim is for its architecture to be appreciated in different ways by residents, Melburnians and future visitors to the city,” Nicky Drobis says. The ground floor podium features a retained heritage façade while the 10 floors immediately above encompass car parking that is shrouded by canary palms and trees to give the building a layered green element.
▼10层停车场被金丝雀棕榈树和树木覆盖着，10 floors immediately above encompass car parking that is shrouded by canary palms and trees © Fender Katsalidis
▼错落的阳台与绿植，Staggled balcony with green plants © Fender Katsalidis
▼停车场立面细部，facade details of the parking floors © Fender Katsalidis
除建筑外观外，Fender Katsalidis还设计了室内的公共设施，包括：Starburst中的悬空游泳池，以及位于塔楼底层的云端大厅。室内设计整体呈现出一种忧郁而奢华的美学。Australia 108为居民提供了高水准的便利设施，包括双层空中花园、餐饮和功能空间、剧院、健身房、水疗中心和宽敞的烧烤露台。整栋建筑中的共享设施空间超过4500平方米。为了保证大楼能够灵活地接待居住者，项目采用了分段施工分段交付的策略，在上部楼层施工时，居民便可先搬入较低楼层，这种策略确保了建筑各部分功能都可被充分发挥出来。
In addition to the exterior architecture, Fender Katsalidis has designed the communal amenity within the Starburst, where swimming pools cantilever into the sky, as well as the Cloud lobby at Ground Floor which embodies a moody yet luxurious aesthetic. Australia 108 offers residents a high level of amenity, encompassing a double height sky garden, dining and function spaces, theatrettes, gymnasiums, spas and an extensive barbeque terrace. There is more than 4,500 square metres of shared facilities across the entire building. To ensure the building’s viability for client World Class Global, there was a staged handover with residents moving into the lower levels whilst the upper portions were under construction. The design took this into account and ensured the building could be functional even in sections.
▼底层云端大厅，Cloud lobby at Ground Floor © Willem-Dirk du Toit
▼大厅细部，detail of the Cloud lobby ©Willem-Dirk du Toit
“尽管建筑受到场地面积的限制，但是Starburst戏剧性的悬臂形式为空间的扩展提供了可能，让我们能够在建筑的上层设置更加慷慨的公共空间。”Baudin说道，“公共空间的数量与质量对确保建筑中的社区凝聚力有着至关重要的作用，从这个角度来看，本项目为多层住宅树立了一个优秀的范本。” “作为南半球最高的住宅，Australia 108为居民提供了令人惊叹的视野景观，让人们放眼云层之上，享受无与伦比的城市全景。而Starburst公共空间则让每一位居民都能分享这美妙的景色，无论公寓在哪个楼层，居住者都可以汇聚于此共享快乐时光。”Baudin补充道。
“The dramatic cantilevered forms of the Starburst allow us to achieve a generosity of communal spaces to these levels, despite being constrained by a relatively small site,” says Baudin. “The amount of communal space we have delivered was vital in ensuring there was a sense of community in the building and it sets a benchmark for facilities in multi-residential buildings. “Housing the highest residences in the Southern Hemisphere, there is an incredible sense of view and outlook above the clouds. The Starburst amenities give every resident the ability to share in the amazing view, no matter where in the building their apartment might be located,” he says.
▼Starburst中的悬空游泳池，swimming pools cantilever into the sky © Willem-Dirk du Toit
▼极佳的景观视野，Excellent view of the landscape © Willem-Dirk du Toit
▼室内细部，detail of the interior © Willem-Dirk du Toit
此外，Fender Katsalidis事务所还特别考虑了建筑外观夜间效果的设计，这一点是墨尔本的许多其他高层建筑所忽视的。白日里明显的雕塑轮廓在夜间依然清晰可见，除了住宅内透出的灯光外，外立面上白色的灯带照亮建筑的水平线条，形成发光的线框，突出了建筑形态的曲线与轮廓。这些灯光是可以编程的，精心设计的图案与建筑内部照明一起点亮突出的悬臂体块，将其变成夜空中耀眼的星星。在Fender Katsalidis事务所与建筑商Multiplex的密切合作下，Australia 108最终得以完美落成。
Fender Katsalidis has considered the way the building looks at night, something that many other tall buildings in Melbourne overlook. The sculptural forms, overt during the day, are visible at night with the building’s horizontal white bands being lit, forming a glowing wireframe that highlights the curves and contours beyond the lights of individual residences. They are programmable to form patterns and accompany the internally lit Starburst which appears as a glowing star at night. Australia 108 was highly collaborative, with Fender Katsalidis working closely with builder Multiplex to deliver the project.
▼墨尔本天际线夜景，Melbourne skyline at night © Peter Bennetts