Children are playing in the streets, and some people go to the toilets which are no longer monotonous. The outdoor staffs go to rest in the lounge, while other people are walking and talking in the streets. These streets are consequently activated. The toilets that we designed including 10 completed and 20 being to be build, aim to create such an atmosphere of the city.
The public toilet reforming has thrived since 2015 in many both Chinese cities and countryside. The reason that “toilet reforming” is called “reforming” is this reforming changes some concept about toilet. The functions which original public toilet does not have are added. However, we suggest that the meaning of “the toilet reforming” is much more than just the functional reforming. It is an urban public courtyard which serves a wide range of users. It also incorporates the diversity of daily life, and creates an atmosphere of elegance and comfort. It is part of the shaper and fabric of the harmony city. The year 2017 was the year of the toilet reforming, because a large number of toilet reforms have been implemented .The construction of new toilets has aroused wide public attention, triggered the public to think about the elegant lifestyle. It initiated urban practitioners to extend exploring its functions, management, and role in the urban renewal.
In 2018, the city management department went through many times site explorations with us, in Daxing new town area. 10 locations of this area were chosen to launch “toilet reforming” practice. They were located in urban center (3 places), neighborhoods (5 places) and parkland(2 places). We call them “兴·舍（Xingshe）”. “兴（Xing）”represents Daxing. The two points in the low side of “兴(Xing)” represents the male and female, and the three points above represent rest, convenience, and serving, which are extended functions. “舍（she）” represents cottage or house which feels like home. The “toilet reforming” carries on the function expansion to the original public toilet. The resting places for outdoor staff, community service center, and public welfare activity place are added, which become important part of the “toilet reforming”. In addition, vacuum discharge and guide equipment is brought in these projects. It can discharge waste rapidly, saving water and deodorizing. It can also bundle with terminal product, offering ecological fertilizer. The toilet public space provieds vending machine, weighing apparatus, mobile phone charging equipment, water dispenser, WIFI, digital toilet management system and other equipments.
▼“兴舍”布点，the locations of the “Xingshe”
The 10 Xingshe located in the central city, the neighborhoods, and the green lands. They become the public courtyards of the city, which are the receptions for the diversity and delicacy of urban life. We actively explored the streetscape effects based on public toilets. After many discussions with the government management team, the Chinese roses, pears traditional gray, metamorphosis, endeavor, and so on, which are special of Daxing, were organically integrated into the 10 independent designs. They end up with 3 standard layouts and 4 elevation patterns. They are, Blooming in Spring and Fruiting in Autumn (Chinese roses and pears showing as paper-cuts means blooming in spring and fruiting in autumn.), Transforming and Endeavoring (rhythm of decoration means the crash during the changes.), Living Crystal Cube (Multi-fold style shows diversified service.), and City Glimmer (the jumping tiles with LED light up the city), adapting in different places. 3 different indoor material combinations and color schemes are suitable for the 3 categories, representing into 4 elevation patterns.
▼不同风格的“兴舍”汇总，the “Xingshe” in the different styles
春华秋实 | Blooming in Spring and Fruiting in Autumn
▼“春华秋实”轴测分析图，exploded axon of the Blooming in Spring and Fruiting in Autumn
The elevation is in the pattern of Chinese roses and pears showing as paper-cuts means blooming in spring and fruiting in autumn.
▼“春华秋实”外观，立面融入梨树和月季的剪影，exterior view of the Blooming in Spring and Fruiting in Autumn with the pattern of Chinese roses and pears showing as paper-cuts
▼“春华秋实”外观局部，上层采用白色穿孔板外表皮，partial exterior view of the Blooming in Spring and Fruiting in Autumn, the upper floor is enclosed by white perforated panels
▼白色穿孔板表皮细节，details of the white perforated panels
▼“春华秋实”二层室内，阳光透过穿孔板在室内空间投射出迷人的光影效果，interior view of the second floor, sunlight creates an amazing light and shadow effect through the perforated panels
蜕变与奋进 | Transforming and Endeavoring
▼“蜕变与奋进”轴测分析图，exploded axon of the Transforming and Endeavoring
The elevation in the pattern of rhythm of decoration means the crash during the changes.
▼“蜕变与奋进”外观，立面采用节奏化的装饰，exterior view of the Transforming and Endeavoring with the pattern of rhythm of decoration
▼“蜕变与奋进”外观局部，金属穿孔板形成外表皮和竖向遮阳系统，partial exterior view of the Transforming and Endeavoring, metal perforated panels form the skin and the vertical shading system
The color scheme of the green is suitable for the parks and green spaces, representing into 4 elevation patterns.
▼绿色的“蜕变与奋进”适应公园绿地的环境风貌，the green Transforming and Endeavoring is suitable for the parks and green spaces
▼绿色穿孔板细节，details of the green perforated panels
生活晶立方 | Living Crystal Cube
▼“生活晶立方”轴测分析图，exploded axon of the Living Crystal Cube
The elevation in the pattern of Multi-fold style shows diversified service.
▼“生活晶立方”外观，采用多折面的立面，exterior view of Living Crystal Cube with the elevation in the Multi-fold style
10 “兴·舍（Xingshe）”scattered in the districts of Daxing are easy to access, suitable scale, safe and comfort. They correspond to the diversity of urban life in a rich and no longer monotonous state. Kids are playing in the streets. The outdoor staffs go into the building to rest, fetch water, and heat meals. And some people go to the upstairs to participate in neighborhood activities or read, while others are walking and talking in the streets. The streets could be activated and harmony because of the “兴·舍（Xingshe）”. “兴·舍（Xingshe）”becomes the spark light of city life and scenery in southern city ,Beijing. They are small and warm, full of vitality.
▼2019年即将建造的装配式“兴舍2.0”的安装运输过程图，the transportation and installation diagram for the “Xingshe 2.0” that will be built up in 2019
项目设计 & 完成年份：2017/2018
品牌：1 幕墙设计-上海日朗门窗有限公司；2 土建-北京天恒建设集团有限公司；3 土建-北京乾建建筑装饰工程有限公司
Project name: “Xingshe” Of Beijing, Daxing District
Design: Cobblestone Design Canada
Design year & Completion Year: 2017/2018
Lead Architects: Tingjie (Peter) Liu
Design Team: Tingjie (Peter) Liu, Dai Biao, Hu Tingjun, Shi Qian
Project location: Daxing District, Beijing
Gross Built Area (square meters): 3169.49㎡
Photo credits: Hu Yijie
Partners: Shanghai Zhongfu architectural design institute
Clients: Beijing Daxing District Urban Management Committee
Brands / Products used in the projrct: 1 Curtain Wall Design – Apple Tree; 2 Civil Engineering – Beijing Tianheng Construction Group co.LTD; 3 Civil Engineering – Beijing Qianjian Building Decoration Engineering Co. LTD