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gooood Under 35 NO.32 introduces René Rheims, founder of KRAFT.RAUM.
More: KRAFT.RAUM. on gooood
出品人：向玲 / Producer: Xiang Ling
编辑团队：陈诺嘉，武晨曦，刘丹阳，李诗蓉，韦紫昭，历剑 / Editor: Chen Nuojia, Wu Chenxi, Liu Danyang, Li Shirong, Wei Zizhao, Li Jian
“I was fascinated by landscape architecture from an early age so it was clear that I would also devote myself to landscape architectural profession.”
I grew up with landscape architecture so to speak. My parents are both landscape architects and they had their own successful office over 40 years. I was fascinated by landscape architecture from an early age so it was clear that I would also devote myself to landscape architectural profession. But I wanted to think outside the box and make my own experiences outside from Germany. Therefore I commenced my studies of landscape architecture in Edinburgh, Scotland. I made my first professional experiences in various offices such as GROSS.MAXX landscape architects or TOWNSHEND landscape architects in the UK. The focus of my work in the UK was primarily on design concepts.
(left) René studied landscape in Edingburgh, (right) René worked abroad Germany ©Rene Rheims
“Working is part of a collaborative process through which we can create lively environments that contribute to people’s health, happiness and wellbeing.”
In 2009 I came back to Germany and started to work at the renowned office RMPSL in Bonn. After two years as the head of the competition team I wanted to build and realize my own visions and therefore decided to start my own practice in 2011. I started off by taking part in an open competition in Konstanz for a public square adjacent to the Lake Bodensee, which was awarded the first price. This was followed by several other successful competition entries. From then on our young and dynamic team has planned and realized remarkable and innovative projects in Germany and abroad. At the end of 2018 we opened a second office located in Düsseldorf.
▼康斯坦茨Bodensee湖边公共广场设计竞赛，competition in Konstanz for a public square ©KRAFT.RAUM.
▼KRAFT. RAUM. 办公室，office of KRAFT. RAUM. © Office KRAFT.RAUM.: LICHTHALLE Krefeld
▼团队合影，teamphoto of KRAFT. RAUM. © Office KRAFT.RAUM.: LICHTHALLE Krefeld
The team of KRAFT.RAUM. meanwhile consists of 20 talents and friends from 6 countries and an average age of 32. The friendly and creative team culture is the defining factor of the personality of our office. KRAFT.RAUM has won numerous competitions and awards and has an international portfolio of exciting and challenging projects including the Xujiahui Sportpark in Shanghai.
The current projects range from masterplans for entire city districts to corporate company headquarters, parks, pedestrian zones, squares and streets, to the detailed planning of public furniture systems. KRAFT.RAUM. is passionate about design and integration. We are working closely together in a studio environment to create places which are unique, memorable and long lasting. We do not distinguish between different scales while working on a project. During a design process we continuously zoom in and out considering every possible scale and perspective. KRAFT.RAUM. firmly believes in working as part of a collaborative process through which we can create lively environments that contribute to people’s health, happiness and wellbeing.
▼事务所部分竞赛项目图片，selected competition projects
©CODIC Development GmbH, HPP International, monokrom hamburg
Leon Giseke, ASTOC architects and planners, monokrom hamburg
Emotional, Functional, Technical
“The emotional aspect of our design philosophy means the intensive engagement with the respective location. Each project is a challenge to find the consensus between the functional requirements and a great design.”
The emotional aspect of our design philosophy means the intensive engagement with the respective location. This is necessary in order to create a space that respects and reflects its past and is accepted by the users. The functional and technical aspect of our design philosophy means that right from the start we have the feasibility and practicability of all design ideas in mind. Each project is a challenge for us, to find the consensus between the functional requirements, an efficient cost management, the wishes and needs and a great design. The best example of this is our project ‘Marktplatz Willich’, which was afflicted with a large amount of functional and technical requirements and restrictions. Although most of the square is occupied by market activities, we developed a very unique furniture family including a large 14 m long table which allows people to meet, communicate and consume the products purchased from the market.
▼KRAFT. RAUM. 部分建成项目图片，selected projects by KRAFT. RAUM.
©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner, Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner, Architecture Photographer Jens Kirchner
Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner, Rene Rheims, Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner, Architecture Photographer Jens Kirchner, Rene Rheims, Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
Artificial and Natural
在Wohnen in Neuss Weckhoven项目中，我们有意将规整的设计语言和自然的景观设计结合在一起，形成对比。碎石水道是项目的关键特征，展现了我们对于排水的设计理念，为项目增添了自然和可持续的特征。新住宅区中收集雨水的运河形成一条水轴，只有在步行区域被覆盖。落到屋顶上的雨水流入这个开放的运河系统，形成富有活力的水景，并且成为了儿童喜爱的娱乐空间。水路中饰以不同尺寸的石块以及多种多样的水生植物。雨水被水轴引入蓄水池，然后缓缓渗入一个更大的储水区。
‘Wohnen in Neuss Weckhoven’ is a project which deliberately combined the contrast between the orthogonal design language of the architecture and the natural language of the landscape design. The gravel waterway is a key feature of the project which develops out of the drainage concept and should demonstrate a natural and sustainable aspect of the project. The drainage concept guides the rainwater of the roof areas through an open channel system in the new residential area and makes the water come alive which is especially nice for the children. The rainwater collecting channels create a water axis. In the most areas the channels are open. They are only covered in walking areas. Different sized stones, barrages and various aquatic plants stage the waterway. The water axis directs the rainwater into a water reservoir and from there the water trickles lets it seep into a larger basin.
▼Wohnen in Neuss Weckhoven项目鸟瞰，aerial view of Wohnen in Neuss Weckhoven ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
▼自然的环境与几何形的建筑物形成对比，contrast between the natural landscape and geometric buildings ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
▼项目细部，details ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
Well, the extensive interior spaces of the architecture of the Oberfinanzdirektion are designed as courtyards. The polygonal design language of the courtyards creates a clear contrast to the straightforwardness of the building. A variety of materials create a variety of different characters. On one side there is a walk-in courtyard. In addition to an area for outdoor seating there are a series of intensive perennial beds.
▼Oberfinanzdirektion项目入口广场，walk-in courtyard of Oberfinanzdirektion with outdoor seating areas ©Architecture Photographer Jens Kirchner
The courtyard is divided by an area of brick chippings. Light birch groves (Betula papyrifera) provide a pleasant climate and creates a transparent buffer to the adjacent office space. The central courtyard consists mainly of low shaped mounds. The mounds are planted with Pachysandra terminalis. Delicately trees such as Amelanchier lamarckii form small groups of trees that underline the formal language of the courtyard. The courtyard in the north-east is designed as extensive green roofs on a covered area. An interplay of differently grained gravel surfaces creates an exciting image, which is based on the formal language of the other two courtyards. Based on the seating groups in the entrance axis, we proposed polygonal shaped planters made of corten steel that provide sufficient structure for tree planting.
▼语言统一，采用不同的材料铺地的庭院，courtyards with different paving materials following the same design language ©Architecture Photographer Jens Kirchner
The courtyard of the project Freudenberg based on the opposite principle. Here we take up the design language of the building and delegate it with perennial beds in the courtyard. Benches are integrated in the perennial beds and provide attractive seating areas for the customers and employees.
▼Freudenberg项目庭院，长椅与花坛融为一体，the courtyard of the project Freudenberg, in which benches integrated in the perennial beds ©Rene Rheims
City Living Room
The design concept of the project ‘Marktplatz Willich` consist of the motto ‘The new living room of the city’. The living room is the place where families and friends come together and spend their time. It is a communication and meeting space that people love. We wanted to create a communication and meeting space for the visitors of the ‘Marktplatz Willich` that fits that motto. The aim of the design concept was to create an open air lounge area for the city.
▼Marktplatz Willich广场，位于历史城区之中，Marktplatz Willich in the center of a historical city ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
We deliberately used restrained materials with muted colors, such as nature stone, to preserve the historical character and to provide an appropriate framework for the church. The material selection subtly draws attention to the church without emphasizing it too much. The urban furniture especially the long table and the bench is intended to be an open multigenerational meeting place where people of various ages come together and exchange experiences. The new concept of the ‘Marktplatz Willich` also offers enough space for the events of the city.
▼项目采用颜色柔和的材料，为人们提供充足的活动空间，project composed of materials with muted colors, providing active space for visitors ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
▼夜景，城市家具提供集会场所，night view, the urban furniture provides a place to people to gather ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
The search for simplicity in structure and construction as well as the choice of materials determines the development process of our projects. The material selection has to stay primarily in the context of the location and design concept. It has to support and underline the whole concept and needs to be robust and durable. The sustainable aspect of materials and products become more important in our design. We are currently working on a project that is based on the Cradle to Cradle principles which only uses local and sustainable materials.
▼材料的使用符合基地文脉和设计理念，use materials that could correspond with the context as well as the design concept ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
Design Practice in different countries
Our design philosophy always stays the same, no matter which country we work in. Compared to other countries such as The Netherland, Denmark and China, German landscape architecture is still quite conservative and functional. In most cases clients want you to deliver all planning stages inlcuding construction drawing, tendering and site supervision. Due to that facts, clients prefer to work with established practices, that have a lot of experience and have worked on similar projects in the past. Although we have a lot of open competition, which can be entered by young professionals, the winning entry needs to proof their technical skills and capability to deliver all planning stages. The 3rd competition we won, we were not commissioned because our proposed project leader did not have a practical experience of at least 15 years.
▼德国项目 – Stadteingang Vrede入口广场
Projects in Germany – Stadteingang Vrede ©Landscape Photographer Nicolai Benner
▼德国项目 – MIZAL办公楼
Projects in Germany – office building MIZAL ©CODIC Development GmbH
Most of our international projects are done in collaboration with local partners and are initiated and generated through competition entreis. For our work abroad, it is important to understand the story of a country and the specific site location. Before we start a project outside Germany we intensively analyse the country, the culture and the peoples’s mentality. This is done by intensive research and site visits, which can take up to several days where we try to examine and experience the space accurately. Site visits always include a trip to the local botanical garden to get a sense of the local vegetation. Besides our intense research and analysis, we also try to do communicate and interview local people.
▼海外项目 – 索契Reef住宅
Oversea project – Reef Residence in Sochi ©KRAFT.RAUM.
▼海外项目 – 英国Soar Island项目
Oversea project – Soar Island in Leicester, UK ©monokrom hamburg
Our approach to landscape architecture in china is slightly more pronounced, experimental and contemporary compared to the one in Germany. This is due to the fact that Chinese people are much more open minded and brave when it comes to design and building things. In Germany most clients are afraid of contemporary design due to the fact that everything needs to be built for eternity.
▼中国项目 – 上海徐家汇体育公园
Project in China – Xujiahui Sportpark in Shanghai © (up) HPP International, (below) KRAFT.RAUM.
Expectation for the future
Meanwhile we have won other great, remarkable competitions for example the redevelopment of the entire city centre of Haan, the new city council in Mönchengladbach or the new innovative cooperate campus I/D in Cologne. Those projects are now in the realization phase and we are focused on delivering great results.
▼进行中的项目 – 德国Haan城市中心再开发项目
Project in process – city center redevelopment of Haan ©KRAFT.RAUM.
▼进行中的项目 – 科隆I/D创新园区项目
Project in process – new innovative cooperate campus I/D in Cologne © (up)monokrom Hamburg, (below) KRAFT.RAUM.
▼进行中的项目 – 德国Mönchengladbach新市政局项目
Project in process – City Council of Mönchengladbach ©sop architects, Düsseldorf
Our young and dynamic office will continue to grow. Maybe we get some new projects in China!? No matter what happens, you will surely hear a lot more from our KRAFT.RAUM crew in the future!
▼René Rheims ©Office KRAFT.RAUM.: LICHTHALLE Krefeld