Two towers and a trail by Azócar Catrón

Lookout towers for promoting the appropriation and restoration of the Boca Maule Marshland

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该项目位于智利南部的生物保护区,旨在通过建造两座眺望塔来促进Boca Maule沼泽栖息地的恢复,从建筑学的视角来回应当地社区、学术界、市议会以及徒步旅行组织的诉求。

项目始于对智利大城市的横断分析。在这些城市中,能够满足公共使用目的的空间十分缺乏。那些天然且空旷的空间,例如沼泽、河口、潟湖和山丘,或受困于城市的扩张,或随着时间走向衰败;或受到市场的随意摆布,或只能靠近弱势群体。虽然这些空间属于城市,但它们具有很高的自然和景观价值,因此可以被看做是潜在的公共空间,有助于改善周围居民的生活质量,而在很多情况下,这些居民正是能够取得公共资金并将其用于改善环境的人。正是在满足这些条件的情况下,该项目得以通过具体的干预措施来让居民(使用者)以及以改善环境为目标的人群(参与者)同时受益。

▼项目概览,general view ©Patricio Zeiss

With two towers and a trail, I sought to promote the appropriation and restoration of the Boca Maule Marshland, located in the city of Coronel, in southern Chile’s Bio-Bio Region, by building two lookout towers, aligning, with an architectural vision, the local community, academia, the city council and trekking organizations.

The Project emerges from a cross-sectional diagnosis of Chile’s large cities, where the lack of public space, more than lack of free space, is construed as a lack of spaces set up for these ends. Natural “empty” spaces, like marshlands, estuaries, lagoons or hills, are trapped within the urban sprawl or in their devaluation, at the mercy of the market, or close to vulnerable groups. Despite this, with their high natural and scenic value, these places, within urban contexts, are potential public spaces, capable of improving the quality of life of the inhabitants who live around them, in many cases organized neighbors being those who can access public funds for the benefit of their settings. Therefore, it is exactly here that architecture is able to articulate these two conditions with concrete interventions, aligning not just the beneficiaries, but also the players needed to materialize proposals.

▼场地平面图,site plan © Azócar Catrón

科罗内尔曾经是一个矿业城市,因为高度的污染而成为了人们所说的“牺牲区域”。然而,这里的沼泽却成为了焕发新生的城市绿洲。为了回应这个场地,项目团队在生态恢复区的两端各建造了一座眺望塔,作为指示该区域的地标。这两座塔均是单体且镂空的堆叠木制结构,像是某种容器,但它容纳的事物与其周围的景观并不相同。

▼塔1和塔2轴测图,axons – T1 & T2 © Azócar Catrón

Coronel is a former mining city, known today as a sacrifice area, due to the high contamination indices it has. However, the marshland is an urban oasis in constant recovery. For this reason, we propose two lookout towers, located at the opposite ends of an ecological recovery area, as landmarks that mark out the area. Both towers are monolithic and permeable stacked wooden structures, just like a container, but that have a different content compared with the landscape that surrounds them.

▼从眺望塔看向Boca Maule沼泽栖息地,view to the Boca Maule Marshland from one of the towers ©Patricio Zeiss

第一座眺望塔位于步道顶端,内部设有方形螺旋楼梯,将人们的视野引向藏匿于路径沿线的沼泽。另一座塔位于路径底部的平坦场地,体量较小,内部摆放着一张长椅,通过一个开口引入附近的景观;其顶部还设有一个大尺寸的窗洞敞向天空。

The tower at the top of the trail has a square spiral staircase to reveal the marshland, that is hidden along the route. Meanwhile, on the other side, the tower that is at the bottom of the trail has, on a flat space, a small shelter that holds a bench, where an opening frames the scene nearby, and a large hollow on its top frames the sky.

▼塔1轴测和剖面,T1 axon & section © Azócar Catrón

▼塔1外观,T1 exterior view ©Patricio Zeiss

▼内部设有方形螺旋楼梯,square spiral staircase ©Patricio Zeiss

▼塔2轴测和剖面,T2 axon & section © Azócar Catrón

▼塔2外观,T2 exterior view ©Patricio Zeiss

▼顶部开口,the large hollow on the top ©Patricio Zeiss

两座眺望塔均由三个木制立方体堆叠而成,同一个单体构件在其中得到了系统性的重复使用。从维度上看,它们介于纪念建筑与脆弱的结构之间,以一种直观的方式回应了附近旧矿场的废弃机器。

▼轴测分解图,axon – exploded © Azócar Catrón

Both towers are built as three stacked wooden cubes built by the systematic repetition of a single construction detail where, by their proportion, the scale of the towers is inside a grey area, between the monumental and the fragile, directly hinting at the abandoned machines of the old mining industry nearby.

▼结构细部,structure details ©Patricio Zeiss

从建筑学的角度来看,两座眺望塔的设计意在证明:空间中的一系列参照物――作为一次性的投入――具备将该空间转化为统一稳固的公共空间的能力。

From an architectural view, the two towers aim to prove the theory that a series of references in the space are capable, as a one-off investment, of transforming places like these into consolidated public spaces.

▼塔1平面图,T1 plan © Azócar Catrón

▼塔2平面图,T2 plan © Azócar Catrón

Project: Two towers and a trail
Office: Azócar Catrón
Web: www.azocarcatron.cl
E-mail: info@azocarcatron.cl
Country: Chile
City: Concepción
Year: 2016
Area: 5m2
Location: Coronel, Chile
Architects in charge: Ricardo Azócar, Carolina Catrón
Colaborators: Stefanía Bello, Esteban Castro, Daniela Cifuentes, Fernando
Cifuentes, Marcela Escobar, Nataly Fuentes, Alex Hernández, Rodrigo Neira, Javiera
Partarrieu, Richard Ríos, Francisca Saelzer, Jorge Soto, Anibal Yévenes.
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Photos: Patricio Zeiss
Model and Collage: Azócar Catrón
Drawings: Azócar Catrón

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