丰田“编织之城”,日本 / BIG

创新、智能、人性化的未来之城

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世界首个致力于全面提升交通多样性的城市孵化器“编织之城”(Toyota Woven City),将由BIG与丰田汽车公司在富士山麓共同打造。作为一个测试和推进移动、自动化、互联、氢动力基础设施和行业合作的创新空间,“编织之城”旨在通过基于历史和自然的技术,让人与社区取得更为紧密的联系。

Together with Toyota Motor Corporation, BIG unveils Toyota Woven City as the world’s first urban incubator dedicated to the advancement of all aspects of mobility at the foothills of Mt. Fuji in Japan. Envisioned as a living laboratory to test and advance mobility, autonomy, connectivity, hydrogen-powered infrastructure and industry collaboration, Toyota Woven City aims to bring people and communities together in a future enabled by technology yet grounded in history and nature.

▼项目鸟瞰效果图,aerial view ©BIG

该项目坐落于静冈县裾野市一片占地175英亩(约70.8万平方米)的工厂旧址,通过实现互联、清洁和共享出行的承诺,来达到不同交通工具、出行方式、人与自然之间的平衡。计划于2021年开始分阶段破土动工的“编织之城”,将把太阳能、地热能和氢燃料电池技术投入利用,从而努力构建一个碳中和的社会。

Located at a 175-acre former factory site in the city of Susono in Shizuoka, Toyota Woven City creates a new equality among vehicles, alternate forms of movement, people and nature, streamlined by the promise of a connected, clean and shared mobility. The city will utilize solar energy, geothermal energy, and hydrogen fuel cell technology to strive towards a carbon neutral society, with plans to break ground in phases beginning in 2021.

▼园区公园效果图,central park ©BIG

“编织之城”被视为一个灵活的街道网络,按移动速度划分的道路实现了更安全的、行人友好型的人车关系。传统道路被分为三部分,主要街道被优化为底部带物流链的、更快的自动驾驶车道。丰田e-Palette作为一款无人驾驶的清洁多用途汽车,将被广泛运用于共享运输、交付服务,以及移动零售、食品、医疗诊所、酒店和工作场所中。

▼三条不同的道路,three different roads  ©Toyota

The Woven City is conceived as a flexible network of streets dedicated to various speeds of mobility for safer, pedestrian-friendly connections. The typical road is split into three, beginning with the primary street, optimized for faster autonomous vehicles with logistical traffic underneath. The Toyota e-Palette – a driverless, clean, multi-purpose vehicle – will be used for shared transportation and delivery services, as well as for mobile retail, food, medical clinics, hotels, and workspaces.

▼自动驾驶车道,automatic lane ©BIG

休闲步行街上到处都是如自行车、小型摩托车和包括丰田i-Walk在内的其他个人交通工具。共享街道使居民能够以较慢的速度,在布满自然景观的宽阔空间中自由漫步。线性公园,则是一条专为行人、植物和动物设计的道路。私密的小径为人们提供了安全舒适的环境,人们悠闲散步,静静感受这条将富士山与裾野谷连通的自然步道。

The recreational promenade is occupied by micro-mobility types such as bicycles, scooters and other modes of personal transport, including Toyota’s i-Walk. The shared street allows residents to freely meander at a reduced speed with increasing amount of nature and space. The third type of street is the linear park, a path dedicated to pedestrians, flora and fauna. An intimate trail provides a safe and pleasant environment for leisurely strolls and nature breaks through the ecological corridor connecting Mount Fuji to the Susono Valley.

▼共享街道,the shared street ©BIG

▼线性公园,the linear park ©BIG

三种街道纵横交错以创建出3×3规格的城市街区,每个街区都形成了只能通过长廊或线性公园进入的庭院。机织网格的城市结构通过不同程度的扩展和收缩,以适应各种规模、项目和室外区域。根据具体需要,两个中央庭院会分分别膨胀为一个大规模的城市广场,和另一个给整座城市提供便利设施的中央公园。

▼街区的演变,evolution of the block ©Toyota

▼编织网格 ©BIG
三种类型的街道相互相错,形成了150米宽、3×3规格的城市街区
位于网格边缘的街道为物流和基础设施服务提供了通道

▼编织街区 ©BIG
“交织之城”比传统的城市网络更具渗透性,它提供了一种更具人类尺度的环境
3×3规格所创造出的8个建筑街区环绕着一个可供行人漫步的中心庭院

▼主广场 ©BIG
一个大型城市公共广场通过扭曲网格而得到

▼中央公园 ©BIG
交织网格系统不断地弯曲,为整个园区提供了可以适应各种规模、项目和室外区域

The three street types are woven into 3×3 city blocks, each framing a courtyard accessible only via the promenade or linear park. The urban fabric of the woven grid expands and contracts to accommodate a variety of scales, programs and outdoor areas. In one instance, a courtyard balloons to the scale of a large plaza, and in another, to become a central park providing a city-wide amenity.

▼项目模型,model ©BIG

▼模型鸟瞰,aerial view ©BIG

包括氢能、雨水过滤和称为“物联网”的货物运输系统等基础设施被隐藏在地下网络中。“编织之城”将大规模地提倡木材建筑。通过将日本传统手工艺、榻榻米模块与机器人制造技术相结合,日本的建筑遗产得以延续、发扬和创新。

Hidden from view in an underground network lies the infrastructure of the city, including hydrogen power, stormwater filtration and a goods delivery network dubbed the ‘matternet’. The buildings at the Woven City will advance mass timber construction. By combining the legacy of Japanese craftsmanship and the tatami module with robotic fabrication technology, Japan’s construction heritage lives on, while building sustainably and efficiently into the future.

▼中央综合体效果图,complex ©BIG

▼容纳了工作站、休息室和室内花园的办公空间,office space accommodates workstations, lounges and indoor gardens ©BIG

住宅、零售和商业综合体主要由碳隔离木材建造,屋顶上安装的光伏板不仅代表了每个城市街区的特征,更确保了社区全天候的生机与活力。丰田的研发空间容纳了多个机器人建造、3D打印和移动实验室,而典型的办公室则灵活容纳了工作站、休息室和室内花园。

A mix of housing, retail and business – to be built primarily of carbon-sequestering wood with photovoltaic panels installed on the roofs – characterize each city block, ensuring vibrant and active neighborhoods at all times of the day. Toyota’s R&D spaces house robotic construction, 3D printing and mobility labs, while typical offices flexibly accommodate workstations, lounges and indoor gardens.

▼办公区域,office area ©BIG

▼实验室,lab ©BIG

“编织之城”的住宅将测试诸如家庭机器人等协助日常生活的新技术。这些智能家居充分利用基于传感器的AI技术所实现的全面连接,来执行诸如物品传递、送洗衣物和垃圾处理等功能。与此同时,住户还能欣赏富士山的壮丽景色。

▼智能家居,smart home ©Toyota

Residences in the Woven City will test new technology such as in-home robotics to assist with daily living. These smart homes take advantage of full connectivity using sensor-based AI technology to perform functions such as automatic grocery deliveries, laundry pick-ups or trash disposal, all while enjoying spectacular views of Mt. Fuji.

▼项目总模型图,model ©BIG

▼项目总平面,plan ©BIG

Name: TOYOTA WOVEN CITY
Code: TWC
Date: 07/01/2020
Program: Urbanism
Status: In Progress
Size in sq.m.: 708200
Project type: Commission
Client: Toyota Motor Corporation + Kaleidoscope Creative
Collaborators: Squint Opera (Animation), Mobility in Chain (Transportation Consultants), Atelier Ten (Sustainability)
Location Text: Susono, Shizuoka, Japan
Partners-in-Charge: Bjarke Ingels, Leon Rost
Project Manager: Yu Inamoto
Project Leader: Giulia Frittoli
Team: Agla Egilsdottir, Alvaro Velosa, Brian Zhang, John Hein, Joseph Baisch, Mai Lee, Margherita Gistri, Nicolas Lapierre, Peter Sepassi, Raven Xu, Samantha Okolita, Shane Dalke, Thomas McMurtrie, Yi Lun Yang, Nasiq Kahn, Jeffrey Shumaker

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