Rigshospitalet是哥本哈根最大的医院，建筑师为其扩建了北翼，面积达54000平方米，是医院中最大的扩建空间。其中包含超过200间病房，手术室，一间重症监护室，以及门诊诊所。设计首要关注的是病人的健康和康复，满足专业治疗的需求，并且适应未来的医院功能。Rigshospitalet医院新的北翼建筑旨在优化医院的功能，提高员工的效率，帮助每位病人恢复健康。新建筑共有七层楼高，提供了209间病房，其中196间为包含私人浴室的单人间；另外还有33间手术室，一间重症监护室，门诊诊所，影像室，研究室等。LINK，3XN，以及工程公司Sweco紧密合作，共同设计完成了此项目。其他合作者还包括景观设计师Kristine Jensen Tegnestue和德国建筑事务所Nickl & Partner。
The 54,000 m2 North Wing is the latest extension to Copenhagen’s largest hospital, Rigshospitalet. It features more than 200 patient rooms, operating rooms, an intensive care unit, and outpatient clinics. The guiding principles of the design are patient well-being and healing, the needs of healthcare professionals and future adaptability of the hospital functions. The new North Wing extension to Rigshospitalet aims to encourage the recovery of each patient, while optimising the efficiency and functionality of the hospital staff. The new wing is spread out over seven floors and offers a total of 209 patient rooms (196 are single rooms with private bathrooms), 33 operating rooms, an intensive care unit, outpatient clinics, diagnostic imaging functions, and research spaces. The design and layout of the North Wing are the result of a close collaboration between LINK arkitektur and 3XN, as well as the engineering firm Sweco. Additional contributors to the project include the landscape architect Kristine Jensen Tegnestue, and the German architect firm Nickl & Partner.
▼项目整体鸟瞰，aerial view of the project ©Adam Mørk
Optimising the flow within the hospital
Inspired by the lines on a cardiogram graph, the North Wing is shaped as a zigzag, and is intersected by a main ‘artery’ route that runs through the entire wing. The straight, central walkway allows staff to navigate easily from one end of the building to the other, while the surrounding zigzag structure means quiet zones and patient rooms are located away from the central corridor, avoiding unnecessary disturbances. The zigzag form thus serves numerous purposes: it eases the flow through the hospital by optimising the staff’s circulation routes, while offering patients more comfort and dignity to recover away from the busy hospital environment.
▼建筑远景鸟瞰，呈折线形，aerial view of the building in zigzag form ©Adam Mørk
“We are excited that the North Wing is now open. It is a big step forward towards an even more modern and spacious Rigshospitalet. From project engineering to construction, we have consistently had a constructive collaboration with the architects, engineers, and contractors regarding the interior design, workflow, and patient needs. We are looking forward to moving into a new hospital that meets the highest standards, ready to meet the needs of today and the changes of the future”, says Per Christiansen, the Director of Rigshospitalet.
▼一条主轴线贯穿折线建筑，main axis running through the entire zigzag wing ©Adam Mørk
Part of the city – but one of a kind
The North Wing relates to its surroundings while still asserting its own unique architectural expression. The dynamic form of the North Wing adapts to the surrounding urban space, gradually lowering in scale from north-west to south-east. This means the building is taller towards the high-rise buildings of the existing hospital, while respectfully lowering down towards the classic Copenhagen-style residential buildings across the road. The façade towards Fælledparken is light and open and enters a dialogue with the park rather than forming a solid wall.
▼建筑立面，与公园呼应，facade of the building having dialogue with the park ©Adam Mørk
▼折线形建筑适应城市空间，zigzag building corresponding to the city space
▼建筑的尺度逐渐变化，靠近居住街道的楼房更加低矮，scale varies in the building, lower toward the residential street ©Adam Mørk
▼建筑街景，view of the building from street ©Adam Mørk
A bright and beautiful building
Healing architecture has been a guiding principle at all levels of the North Wing. The large glass windows let daylight flow into the building and create a connection between the interior spaces and the neighbouring public park Fælledparken. The daylight-filled space inside the North Wing and the green surroundings help create a peaceful environment for patients and relatives. The result is a hospital building that is pleasant to visit, while providing the patients with optimal conditions for recovery and well-being.
▼明亮通透的立面，bright and open facade ©Adam Mørk
The characteristic zigzag design of the North Wing helps to harness natural daylight and save energy as artificial lighting is minimized. A natural light stone was chosen for the façade to give it a bright and welcoming appearance. Facets in the façade add a form of shade as well giving the building’s exterior a more vibrant expression that changes throughout the day and from different angles.
▼丰富的立面造型和细部，rich details of the facade ©Adam Mørk
Clear and easy navigation
Wards and outpatient clinics are laid out over three floors and are connected by a continuous axis. Arrival areas are optimised for day patients, while the pre- and postoperative areas are placed next to the operating areas. Two spiral staircases and four central elevator towers connect the floors to the central common area. The staircases are located in the open atria, where daylight flows into the building from the glass ceiling, as well as through large glass sections in the façade. Common waiting areas are established in connection to the two staircases on each floor. To help orientation, each floor has its own dedicated colour scheme applied to doors, flooring, and selected walls.
▼旋转楼梯，spiral staircase ©Adam Mørk
▼艺术作品为空间增添颜色，artworks bringing colors to the space ©Adam Mørk
Olafur Eliasson, Malene Landgreen和Erik A. Frandsen的艺术作品为建筑带来了色彩和生命，让传统清洁单调的医院环境变得更为柔和。设计师用巧妙的方法将艺术作品布置在前庭中，尽可能让更多人欣赏，包括室外路过的行人。
Artworks by Olafur Eliasson, Malene Landgreen, and Erik A. Frandsen bring colour and life into the building, softening the traditionally sterile hospital environment. The artworks exhibited in the atria are strategically placed to be enjoyed by as many people as possible, including passing pedestrians from outside.
▼设置在前庭的艺术作品，让更多人可以看到，artwork in the atria, making visible to more people ©Adam Mørk
▼艺术品细部，details of the artwork ©Adam Mørk
Ready for today and ready for the future
The North Wing has a strong expression, conveying openness, transparency, safety and humanism – while at the same time creating a long-lasting, flexible hospital that can adapt according to future operational needs. New treatment methods and digital innovations continue to challenge existing hospital settings. The North Wing is therefore designed around simple principles that provide great flexibility and space for adjustments according to future needs.
▼病房，ward ©Adam Mørk
▼简洁空间适应治疗需求，simple space adapts to operational needs ©Adam Mørk