TAO ZHU YIN YUAN by Vincent Callebaut Architectures

An energy self sufficient building, inspired of the structure in double helix of the DNA

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感谢 Vincent Callebaut Architectures 予gooood分享以下内容。
Appreciations towards Vincent Callebaut Architectures for providing the following description:

 

DNA理念
DNA Concept 

陶朱隐园项目致力于推广吸碳建筑,以实现降低地球温度的目标。设计的主要理念是打造能源自给自足的建筑,包括电能、热能和可食用资源。

塔楼的造型以DNA的双螺旋结构为灵感:每两个住宅单元构成了一个完整的楼层,每个楼层均顺时针旋转4.5度,因而从底部到顶部,双螺旋中的20个居住层最终实现了90度的自我拉伸和扭转。从不同的角度看,塔楼将呈现出无限变化的观感,其中最主要的几种形态分别是锥形、十字形、倒锥形和椭圆形。

The main target of « Tao Zhu Yin Yuan » project has been devoted to promoting carbon‐absorbing architecture, in order to decrease the temperature of the Earth. The architectural concept is to eco‐design an energy self sufficient building, whose energy is electric, thermal and also alimentary.

The “Tao Zhu Yin Yuan” tower is directly inspired of the structure in double helix of the DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid), source of life, dynamism and twinning. Every double helix is represented in the project by two housing units forming a full level. Thus, from its base to the top, the 20 inhabited levels in double helix stretch themselves and twist themselves at 90 degrees. When viewed from different angles, the tower transforms into a myriad of forms. The four main profiles of the twisted building are : pyramid, cross, reverse pyramid and ellipse.

▼塔楼的造型以DNA的双螺旋结构为灵感 © Vincent Callebaut Architectures
The “Tao Zhu Yin Yuan” tower is directly inspired of the structure in double helix of the DNA

▼从底部到顶部,双螺旋中的20个居住层实现了90度的自我拉伸和扭转 © Vincent Callebaut Architectures
From its base to the top, the 20 inhabited levels in double helix stretch themselves and twist themselves at 90 degrees

 

防止全球暖、建立具有碳吸收功能的生
Anti-Global Warming and Carbon-Absorbing Ecosystem

为了实现与自然环境的共生,陶朱隐园项目的开放空间均覆盖以绿植:底层花园以及每户住宅的阳台和露台上种植了超过2.3万株乔木、灌木和其他植物,绿化覆盖率为246%,每年的碳吸收量可达约130吨,与台北市的当地规范相比要高出近5倍,这也让陶朱隐园成为了城市中多彩且四季皆宜的“森林公园”。为了增加碳吸收量,项目团队与植物学专家合作,选种了碳吸收能力较强的树种,为空气质量的维护做出了重要贡献。

此外,塔楼还集成了自然通风的烟囱,用于过滤中央核心区内的空气,同时还配备雨水回收系统、无线LED照明控制系统、光纤连接、灯光引导系统以及太阳能和风能设备以实现节能减碳的目的。

▼城市上空的露台,terraces above the city © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

▼住宅的阳台和露台,balconies and terraces © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

To implement symbiosis with natural environment, Tao Zhu Yin Yuan covers its open spaces with trees, planting approximately 23,000 trees, shrubs and plants on the ground floor garden, the balconies and terraces of each household. The annual carbon absorption reaches around 130 tons with green coverage at 246%, which is nearly 5 times higher than local regulation, making it a colorful urban forest park in all seasons. In order to increase the volume in absorbing carbon, multiple species of trees with better carbon absorption volume are planted by specialized botanists to contribute to protecting the air quality.

Furthermore, the tower integrates natural ventilation chimneys filtering the air inside the central core, rainwater recycle, wireless monitor control of LED lighting, fiber optic connection, light guide system and solar/wind power to achieve energy saving and carbon reduction.

▼开放空间均覆盖以绿植,Tao Zhu Yin Yuan covers its open spaces with trees © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

▼露台座椅,seating area © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

▼四季皆宜的森林公园,a colorful urban forest park in all seasons © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

 

高抗震的无柱结构
Highly Earthquake Resistant & Column Free Structure

塔楼的结构设计从滑雪者的身体结构中汲取了灵感。塔楼的中央核心就如同人的身体;21层以上的5米桁架结构可以看做人的两只手臂;而塔楼两侧的巨型立柱则是手中的“滑雪杖”。悬臂结构系统和空腹桁架系统(每两层楼设有一组横梁)能够将所有的重量通过手臂(横梁)传递到人体(中央核心),并最终向下传递至基座。这种独一无二的结构设计最终使该项目实现了力学与美学的完美结合。

Structural design found inspiration in the body structure of the skier in the design of the tower. The central core of the tower is the human body. The 5‐meter truss structure above 21F are the two arms. The megacolumns on the two sides are the ski poles. A suspended structural system and a Vierendeel truss system (a set of beams for every two floors) transfer all the weight via the arms (beams) to the body (central core) and then down to the foundation. The result is a one-of-a-kind structural design that combines the science of mechanics and the art of aesthetics.

▼建筑结构细部,structure detailed view © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

设计还兼顾了高度的韧性和抗震性,从而保证了塔楼整体的坚固与稳定。基于核电站级别的抗震理念,建筑的地下楼层集成了由EPS公司开发的隔震系统,可抵抗最高7级地震(中国烈度9度,峰值地面加速度PGA=0.40g),且震后不发生韧性断裂,保持建筑不受伤害。

Tao Zhu Yin Yuan is of high toughness and highly earthquake resisting, ensuring the sturdiness of the building. Effectively, the tower integrates also a nuclear plant‐grade seismic concept. The design peak ground acceleration is 400 gal. The shock insulation design developed by the company EPS Inc. (Earthquake protection System) integrated under the basement floors can resist the highest Class 7 earthquake (China Liedu 9, surface acceleration PGA=0.40g) and remains unharmed after the earthquake without ductile fracture.

▼鸟瞰,aerial view © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

▼陶朱隐园和近在咫尺的台北101大厦,TAO ZHU YIN YUAN and the very close Taipei 101 tower © Vincent Callebaut Architectures

« TAO ZHU YIN YUAN », A Carbon-Absorbing Vertical Forest
Taipei, Taiwan
Vincent Callebaut Architectures, Paris
Building Basic Information
TYPE : International Architectural Competition – First Prize Winner in November 2010
INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECT : Vincent Callebaut Architectures, Paris
LOCATION : Taipei Taiwan, Xinyi district, Song Gao Road & Song Yong Road
SITE AREA : 8,160 M2
TOTAL FLOOR AREA : 42,705 M2
ZONING : Residential area (Taipei XinYi Development District)
FLOOR STRUCTURE : 21 floors and 4 floors basement, Steel Structure & Earthquake Protection System
CLIENT : BES Engineering Corporation, Taipei
CONTRACTOR : Taiwan Kumagai Co, Ltd
CURRENT PHASE : Gardens planting, waterfalls construction and interior decoration of public facilities space are undergoing
GREEN CERTIFICATION: U.S. Green Building Council LEED Gold + ; Low Carbon Building Alliance Diamond Level
LOCAL ARCHITECT : LKP Design, Taipei
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER : King Le Chang & Associates, Taipei
LOCAL MEP ENGINEERING : Sine & Associates, Taipei
INTERNATIONAL INTERIOR ARCHITECT : Wilson & Associates (WA), Los Angeles
LOCAL INTERIOR ARCHITECT : Chu Chih-Kung + Metro Space Design, Taipei
INTERNATIONAL LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT : SWA, Sausalito, San Francisco
LOCAL LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT : Horizon & Atmosphere (H&A), Taipei
INTERNATIONAL LIGHTING DESIGNER : L’Observatoire International, New-York
LOCAL LIGHTING DESIGNER : Unolai Design, Taipei
GREEN CONSULTANT : Enertek, Taipei
VCA’S TEAM : Emilie Diers, Frederique Beck, Jiao Yang, Florence Mauny, Volker Erlich, Philippe Steels, Maguy Delrieu, Vincent Callebaut

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