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Wufang village is one of the first group of 9 rural revitalization demonstration villages in Shanghai. Wufang village is located in qingcun town,FengXian district, Shanghai, covering an area of about 358 mu.
▼吴房村概貌，overall view of Wufang village
On January 2, 2018, the State Council released the No. 1 document of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council on implementing the rural revitalization strategy. Implementing the rural revitalization strategy is a major decision and plan made at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
In the 1990s, QingCun Town in FengXian district, Shanghai was named as “the hometown of yellow peach in China” by the ministry of agriculture.In WuFang village, southwest of the town, the oldest yellow peach trees were planted in the early 1980s. In order to meet the development needs of rural and urban areas and reduce the gap between urban and rural areas, WuFang village was selected as one of the first group of 9 rural revitalization demonstration villages in Shanghai, with the guidelines of thriving industry, ecological livability, civilized rural customs, effective governance and rich life.
▼改造前后村庄对比，village before and after renovation
▼《桃源吴房十景图》七米长卷局部，part of ten views of Wufang village
The overall design of WuFang village comes from the “Ten views of WuFang in taoyuan” created by Wu ShanMing, a famous Chinese painter, and Wu Yang, invited by the general design institute of China academy of fine arts. Subsequent overall planning, architecture, landscape and landscape design all come from this “Ten views of WuFang in taoyuan”. “From art, higher than design, full of spirit! This is a new idea put forward by the design institute of China academy of fine arts for the rural revitalization design project, which gives full play to the advantages of the design institute of China’s first-class art colleges and universities.
In order to comprehensively improve the overall style of WuFang village, the general design institute of China academy of fine arts innovatively proposed the concept of global design, including every scenery in the field of vision into the comprehensive design category. This way of working makes up for the control of the overall style neglected by traditional special design. In order to achieve the most ideal completion of the WuFang village project, the design institute of China academy of fine arts arranges design teams of all kinds of work to live on the site, guide the construction, and iterate the construction plan according to the actual situation of the site, so as to ensure that “everything you see is beautiful”.
The biggest challenge of the WuFang village project is how to retain the original rural style and appearance on the basis of the current situation. Designers from the house, agriculture, forest, water, field, road, bridge seven aspects, a new layout.
▼改造后的村庄，保留原有的乡村风貌，与桃花相映成辉，village after renovation, retaining the original rural style which respond to the peach blossoms
▼粉墙黛瓦的建筑与乡野环境相融合，buildings with white walls and black roofs being harmony with the rural environment
On the premise of preserving the crops in the field, river system and ancient trees, the architect considers how to retain the historical traces of WuFang village most. During the reconstruction or restoration, the architects fully investigated the historical buildings and surrounding environment of WuFang village. The architectural keynote absorbs the most honest white wall and daiwa style in the original appearance of WuFang village. In order to mirror the peach blossom, the architectural tone is mainly simple and elegant, with gentle slope roof streamline, plain wood decoration line and window frame, and different village landscape, showing the gentle beauty of Shanghai water village and the honest and natural countryside style.
▼屋面有着柔和的流线，slightly curved roof outline
▼建筑外墙上绘有传统风格的壁画，traditional painting on the building walls
In order to better create a rural atmosphere, the pedestrian path in the village is paved with elements such as old SLATE, small blue brick, cobblestone, etc., matched with the combination design of rural plants and simple skits, making the pedestrian path more rustic.
▼铺地、围墙等采用富有乡野气息的材料，pedestrian path and walls composed of raw materials with rural feeling
Abundant water system is one of the characteristics of WuFang village, the natural river just a little dredging, is a beautiful landscape. Designers on this basis to supplement reed, flower and leaf reed, pampas reed, etc., to enhance the wild fun; In order to purify water quality and create a water ecosystem, various plants are planted on the water surface, such as yellow calamus, iris, lotus, water lily, barracuda and so on.
▼村庄水系丰富，village with abundant water system
Rivers are covered with natural Bridges. There are nearly 20 Bridges in the village. Among them, most of the model Bridges have large volumes and are designed with stone railings. Pedestrian Bridges, however, are light and small, melting into the landscape. According to different needs of road and bridge combination, overall function and scenery suitable. In particular, the “people” bridge and quan-bo bridge have become a group photo of the clock-in attractions.
▼“人”字桥， the “people” bridge
▼不同风格的桥，bridge in different styles
How to choose plants suitable for Shanghai? Consider plant collocation to go up, stylist retained the original yellow peach tree inside the village, orange tree, persimmon tree, bitter neem, ju tree, lang yu and bamboo forest, add the native tree species with local common again. House front and back using pomegranate, orange trees, persimmon trees and vegetables, to create a “garden, garden, orchard” three gardens. At the same time, designers in the surrounding the building, road intersection and bridge ornament someiyoshino cherry, pear, pomegranate, peach plum, wintersweet, maple red maple, maple chicken claw and feathers, etc., the lower planting chamomile, Daisy, embroider line, beautiful evening primrose, thin leaf verbena, a grass, the big Buddha spent six tie and south day bamboo etc., create a rural atmosphere. Plant landscape to create a suitable space environment, enhance the overall style of the atmosphere.
▼丰富的植被营造乡野氛围，various plants create a rural atmosphere
The design team integrated art, design, painting and other elements into the design of the project, aiming to create a new experience related to the “yellow peach” industry, so as to enrich the diversity of the industry. Since the rural revitalization, WuFang village rural characteristics continue to attract the public to visit. The improved WuFang village quickly received attention from all walks of life and media broadcast, and the mainstream media broadcast reached more than a dozen, including CCTV news broadcast, CCTV news channel, official xinhua news agency, learning power, Shanghai dragon TV, etc., gradually became the web celebrity village of Shanghai.
▼夕阳下的村庄，village in the dusk
Project name: Shanghai “rural revitalization model village” – WuFang village
Design: The Design Institute of Landscape and Architecture China Academy of Art
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Completion Year: 06.2019
Leader Designer:Fang ChunHui
Landscape Art Direction: wu shanming, wu Yang
Architectural Design:FangChunhui,Pei YongZe, Sun Tao, Cheng Ying, Fu GuoWei, Fu JiaQi, Shao Feng, XuXiaoLong, Lai PeiTong,Zhou HuaJian, Zou ShuangYu, Miao WeiWei
Structural Design: Zhou JianZheng, Sun Da, Song Rui
Landscape Design: Fang ChunHui, Pei YongZe, Cheng Ying, Zheng XueDong, Zhang GuangYao,Peng NaNa,Dong ZhengDa,Zhu ZhongHai,Yang XiaoYing,Wu BongNi, GaoYuan
Interior Design: WuJiang, Tang Zheng, Sun YiRu, Ma QingYong, Chen JinHua, Qi XiaoXin
Project location:wufang village, qingcun town, Shanghai
Photo credits:Cheng Ying，Zhang GuangYao