设计概述 | PROJECT OVERVIEW
In my search for the unique attributes of the site for Roscommon House, I looked to the history of the suburb: its Town Planning, architecture, and ideals of the original subdivision for direction in creating a new house with a strong ‘sense of belonging’. With a significant legacy of modernist and brutalist buildings still remaining in suburb, I felt a responsibility to produce a design for this new house that not only served the needs and desires of my clients but was also in conversation with the ethos of the suburb, without mimicking or replicating the past.
The owners’ brief for a mostly single-storey home drove the architect to integrate building and landscape, thereby reducing the impact on site, and embeds the house in its neighbourhood. In keeping with suburbs ‘Garden Suburb’ history, landscaping blurs the boundaries of inside and out by the use of ‘pocket’ courtyards and roof terrace gardens. The spatial arrangement of the ‘pocket’ courtyards is also driven by environmental concerns: the building is teased apart to maximise winter solar penetration and to capture prevailing cooling breezes.
▼“口袋”庭院模糊了室内外的界限， ‘pocket’ courtyards blurs the boundaries of inside and out
Along with the passive solar design of the house the front roof conceals a 16.5kw photovoltaic array comprising 50 panels which allows the house to self-sufficient with its energy. Timbers and finishes within the house have been sourced from sustainable resources. Finishes were chosen for their modesty and their ability to age gracefully as the house endues with all finishes to the house reflecting the ethos of seeking beauty from imperfection.
▼前部体量的屋顶隐藏了50个光伏板， the front roof conceals a 16.5kw photovoltaic array comprising 50 panels
The design scope included not only architecture but also interior furnishings. This holistic design opportunity allowed all aspects of the house to reflect the important aspect of the ‘handmade’ in the house. The interior furnishings reinforce the handmade through such elements as; the heavy linen exposed hand stitched edging, the custom designed dining table, external dining table, bedside tables, & the family room rug. The custom designed pendant lights to the main stair void are integrated with the fluid forms of the recesses in the off-form concrete ceiling above. The choice of floral print fabric to the living room further reflecting the ‘Garden Suburb’ planning of the original subdivision.
▼户外庭院和用餐空间，outdoor courtyard with dining area
▼主楼梯处的定制吊灯与露天的流线型混凝土屋顶融合为一个整体，the custom designed pendant lights to the main stair void are integrated with the fluid forms of the recesses in the off-form concrete ceiling above
▼凉亭和水池区域，pavilion and swimming pool
Walls and ceilings have been designed as a series of unadulterated planes and blocks of interlocking sculptural shapes, further emphasised through services and lighting being generally discreet or even hidden. Lighting is separated from ceilings by its suspension below with only feature pendants of a hand made quality being allowed to be emphasised: as is the case in the dining room, kitchen, master bedroom and main stair void.
▼天窗引入自然光，skylight bring natural light in
▼室内细部，interior detailed view
The timber cabinetwork and timber clad walls elements read as one to simplify the visual reading of spaces. The fluid kitchen island bench with the hovering stone top reflects the local iconic beachside concrete kiosk building saved by the community.
▼流线型的厨房操作台，the fluid kitchen island bench
▼木制家具与木制墙面融为一体，the timber cabinetwork and timber clad walls elements read as one to simplify the visual reading of spaces
可持续性 | SUSTAINABILITY
This house was designed to reduce energy and water consumption over its projected long lifespan. The site orientation and plan provide northern orientation to living spaces and maximise opportunities for cross ventilation from prevailing southwest winds. A concealed 16.5kw photovoltaic array comprising 50 panels is currently exceeding pre-installation estimates by 20%. The owners use less than 20% of the generated electricity during the day, leaving 80% for storage in batteries that will be installed in the basement within two years. From that point, the house will be self-sufficient for electricity, even in winter. The selection of long-lasting, low maintenance materials contributes thermal mass, maintaining stable internal temperatures regardless of the season. Insulation – both thermal and acoustic – adds to indoor comfort throughout the year.
▼屋顶花园，roof terrace garden
广阔图景 | BIGGER PICTURE
Showing the way forward to respect the past; As I began the design process for Roscommon House, the iconic Brutalist concrete shell roof structure of the suburb’s Surf Lifesaving building was demolished, and the local council threatened to demolish the much-loved Brutalist concrete South City Beach kiosk. This blatant disregard and misunderstanding by the local authority of the importance of the suburbs unique architectural heritage led me to take particular inspiration from those two buildings, and to promote the long-term appreciation of the suburb’s built history, to the local authority and the general public. We carried out a photographic survey of the original modernist buildings in the area to find in excess of seventy such buildings still remaining. This information was then used to inform our design of Roscommon House in studying the devices and form making of the original buildings of the area. We found these buildings to show a consideration of the environment, consideration of orientation, simplicity of form, strong forms, transparency and an honest modesty to be consistent across the buildings. We found a regionally distinctive form of architectural modernism, independent from the rest of Australia.
▼适宜的朝向、简洁的形式、坚固的体量，the building shows a consideration of the environment, consideration of orientation, simplicity of form and strong forms
Through the design of Roscommon House and through our community engagement we are taking every opportunity to create an appreciation & awareness of the unique architecture of this area to both the local community and to the local authority. On completion of the Roscommon House we engaged with the local community during the process of creating our official photographic journal of the suburbs notable architecture. We referenced Roscommon House as an example of how a new house in this area could sit comfortably with its past. This message was overwhelmingly understood by the community with incredible support for Roscommon House and what it stands for.
▼室内细部，interior detailed view
PROJECT NAME; Roscommon House
PROJECT ARCHITECT/ INTERIOR DESIGNER / FURNITURE DESIGNER; Neil Cownie Architect Pty Ltd.
BUILDER; Mosman Bay Construction Pty Ltd.
PROJECT COMMENCED ON SITE; October 2016
PROJECT WAS COMPLETED ON SITE; January 2018
Michael Nicholson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Robert Frith (email@example.com)
Jack Lovel (firstname.lastname@example.org )
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