RGM 46 is an apartment renovation project located in Lisbon: with an area of roughly 60m2, it is a duplex apartment with a small terrace on the roof. The functional layout proposed included a living room, kitchen, bedroom and bathroom. The intervention began by creating a separation between the social and private areas of the apartment by way of the two existing floors.
▼起居室，the living space ©DC.AC studio
▼起居室，在室内增加了一个由金属材料打造而成的梁柱结构体系，并将其暴露在人们的视野当中，the living space, adding a new exposed system composed of metal beams and pillars ©DC.AC studio
▼西侧朝南的起居室，带有室外阳台，the west-facing living space in the south part, enjoying the outdoor balcony ©DC.AC studio
▼从起居室看餐厅，该区域设有木托梁天花板，viewing the dining area from the living space, with the wood joints ceiling ©DC.AC studio
▼白色的餐厅空间，the white dining area ©DC.AC studio
All the walls and obstacles on the lower floor were removed to create a single, expansive space for the living room. In order to do this, the structure of the apartment had to be reinforced with a new system composed of metal beams and pillars, which were left exposed and became a theme of the project. The strengthening structure marks out, lengthwise, two distinct areas of the living room, one facing south, which enjoys the outdoor balcony and the natural light from the openings in the main façade, and the other facing north, which communicates with the windowless rear wall. Together with the strategic position of the pillar, four separate areas are marked out: the living room to the south, divided into the west-facing living space and the east-facing dining area; and the functional area to the north. The electrical infrastructure and decorative lamps intentionally stand out in black, while the main wall lighting is invisible, white and unobtrusive.
▼公共区域的南侧设有室外阳台，自然光线可从建筑主立面的窗户中投射进室内，part of the public space facing south, which enjoys the outdoor balcony and the natural light from the openings in the main façade ©DC.AC studio
▼在起居空间和厨房之间设置半开放式的金属架，使空间过渡更为自然，a semi-open metal shelving unit softens the relationship between the kitchen and living areas ©DC.AC studio
A new space was attached to the north-facing wall, comprising an abstract line of panels that includes the cupboards of the new kitchen, storage areas and access to the stairs leading to the upper foor. The addition of this new area aims, firstly, to introduce all the functions of the kitchen in one go and, secondly, to provide a single, continuous background for the space. The grey panels, together with the ceiling painted the same colour, use colour to make a spatial distinction from the bright living area, accentuated by the different shades of white on the surfaces and the momentum of the structural wooden joists that characterise the room’s ceiling. To soften the relationship between these two spaces, a semi-open metal shelving unit was created to support both the kitchen and living areas.
▼厨房，the kitchen ©DC.AC studio
▼北侧的储藏空间和厨房，the storage areas and kitchen on the north ©DC.AC studio
▼公寓北侧墙体上附加的储藏空间，the new storage areas attached to the north-facing wall ©DC.AC studio
▼北侧的楼梯空间，the staircase on the north ©DC.AC studio
▼卧室空间，床靠房间一角布置，旁边设有高度不同的床头柜，the bedroom, the bed is placed inside a nook with bedside tables at different heights ©DC.AC studio
▼从床上看室外露台，景观反射在衣柜的镜子上，viewing the outdoor terrace from the bed, the outdoor terrace and landscape are reflected in the mirror on the wardrobe ©DC.AC studio
▼衣柜的镜面反射卧室空间，the mirror on the wardrobe reflects the interior space of the bedroom ©DC.AC studio
The upper floor contains an open-plan suite. It has a continuous floor and ceiling, although it is separated by strategically positioned pieces of furniture that create different hierarchies in the use of the space. Two freestanding pieces were created that separate, and allow movement between, the bedroom area and the bathroom area. The main area of the bedroom explores scales of white and grey with different shades and textures. The bed is placed inside a nook with bedside tables at different heights. The outdoor terrace and landscape can be seen from here, reflected in the mirror on the wardrobe.
▼透过玻璃门看室外露台，viewing the outdoor terrace through the glass door ©DC.AC studio
▼上层的室外露台，the outdoor terrace on the upper level ©DC.AC studio
▼浴室与卧室之间有一个带有金属洗手盆和镜面的独立家具构件，the space separating the bedroom area includes a nook containing a metal washbasin and the inner surfaces are lined with mirrors ©DC.AC studio
▼粉色的半透明亚克力面板限定出浴室空间，the pink semi-transparent panels define the bathroom ©DC.AC studio
The bathroom is located on the east side, with natural light and ventilation coming from a new opening in the roof. This area can be closed using two pink acrylic panels to create a semi-transparent effect and filter coloured light into the space. The space separating the bedroom area includes a nook containing a metal washbasin and the inner surfaces are lined with mirrors.
the bathroom located on the east side with new skylight ©DC.AC studio
Overall, the project aims to lighten the space by creating broad areas that communicate with one another in a flowing movement, free from obstacles. The subtle variations between areas are meticulously materialised in the design and positioning of the furniture and the careful use of colour.
▼平面布置图，layout plans ©DC.AC studio
Architecture: DC.AD, Duarte Caldas
Use: Studio Apartment
Location: Lisbon, Portugal
Completion date: October 2019
Team: Catarina Mascarenhas
Photographs: Francisco Nogueira
Copyright and Credits: All photographs belong to DC.AC studio