▼项目局部鸟瞰图，aerial view of the project(part)
It may sound alarming, but today’s rising rates of childhood obesity, hyperactivity in children, depression and other mental illnesses are closely linked to children’s exposure to nature. Today, the generation growing up under the environment of electronic products generally lacks the contact with nature in their life, resulting in a significant increase of physical obesity, attention disorder, irascibility and psychological depression in this generation of children. In the United States, the behavioral and psychological problems caused by a lack of contact with nature are known as “nature-deficit disorder.” The natural deficiency of children has become a worldwide social problem, which has reached a very terrible point. In China, the situation is even more serious. According to the survey, 48.5% of primary and junior middle school students in 20 provinces and cities in China spend less than 3 hours a week in outdoor activities, and 12.4% of the respondents have the tendency of natural deficit disorder, and this degree is increasing. In order to alleviate this problem, the United States, Japan, South Korea and nearly ten other countries have carried out special legislation on environmental education to promote environmental education at the highest intensity and rebuild the connection between children and nature.In order to better connect nature and children, the designer adds the environmental education function in the Beijing yanqing GUI river upstream urban forest project, hoping to take this opportunity to provide children with an environmental education place and facilities, and wake up their ecological consciousness.
▼更好地连接大自然和儿童，项目中加入了环境教育功能。图为一家人正在森林剧场中互动，in order to better connect nature and children, the environmental education function was added into this project, the photo shows a family is interacting in the forest theater
林间最后的小孩|The last child in the forest
When Richard love wrote “the last child in the woods,” it was largely because American children were reaching a terrifying level of “nature-deficit disorder”.Our country is undergoing another round of rapid urbanization, and we are wrapping ourselves in a jungle of steel and cement at a speed that surprises the world. We are proud of yourself forward steps every day, or for their future work, for the next generation, we are more concerned about whether they have healthy food and milk powder, will get a good education resources, can in the fierce competition with their peers, and completely ignored their contact and natural. In fact, many times our impetuous state of mind let us not calm down to take the children to close to nature. — from a parent of a child. So, in China, are we the “last children in the forest”? Where do our children go from here?
▼设计保留了场地99%的原有树木，通过增植乡土树种，增加群落景观稳定性，the design retains 99% of the original trees in the site, and increases the stability of the community landscape by planting native tree species
▼更新后的植物景观，plant landscape after renovation
▼大自然剧场与植物景观以及河流的关系，the relationship between the nature theatre and the plant landscape & the river
景观设计师的作用&责任|The role and responsibility of landscape architects
Landscape architects should have the design ability and social responsibility to provide environmental education places for children. Based on the theories of environmental education, urban forest and landscape architecture, the project established a program of planning and design investigation and evaluation based on the theories of environmental education. Based on 97 environmental education (publicity and education) bases in protected areas, the team collected a total of 84 assessment reports and held more than 10 discussions and seminars on community, experts and officials. The project data were obtained from the national bureau of forestry and grassland research project.
▼项目立足环境教育、城市森林与风景园林三个学科理论，建立了一套基于环境教育理论的规划设计调查评估程序，based on the theories of environmental education, urban forest and landscape architecture, the project established a program of planning and design investigation and evaluation based on the theories of environmental education
The construction area of the project is located in the upper part of GUI river in yanqing district of Beijing. The site status is an urban forest with poplar trees as the main tree species, which is located between xiadu bridge in the west and sunshang bridge in the east. The research scope of the project is about 26.25hm2, which is adjacent to yanqing sports park, xiadu park and GUI river forest park.
▼场地现状是一片以杨树林为主要树种的城市森林，the site status is an urban forest with poplar trees as the main tree species
设计策略：重建儿童与自然的联系|Design strategy: reconnect children with nature
The project team’s vision for the site is to become a vehicle for reconstructing the relationship between children and nature. Before that, the designer wanted to minimize the impact on the land, and to achieve the connection between children and nature and the site with the least amount of engineering work.
(1) Keep all the existing trees, and most areas are natural succession areas.
(2) All landscape Spaces are involved in the existing site in a minimized way.
(3) Fully respect the public will of children, parents and teachers, and design the forest classroom, nature theater, nature observation path, hand-painted climbing wall, forest park and other natural education places.
(4) Many micro-habitats are designed for animals to increase ecological diversity, enhance the resilience of ecological species and improve their long-term survival ability.
▼林中座椅，seating in the forest
▼木头搭建的简易游憩设施，simple wood recreational facilities
▼森林中的小屋，cottage in the forest
▼兼具攀爬功能的手绘墙，hand-painted wall with climbing function
▼正在比赛算数的两个小朋友，two children in counting competition
▼小牛形状的座椅，calf shaped seat
▼思考问题的小孩，a child who is thinking about problems