感谢 上海天华建筑设计有限公司 予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于：Shanghai TIANHUA Architecture Planning & Engineering Ltd. on gooood. Appreciation towards Shanghai TIANHUA Architecture Planning & Engineering Ltd. for providing the following description:
The 2022 Asian Games will be held in Hangzhou, China, the main venue in Hangzhou, while the sub-venue in the Qiandao lake. To seize this opportunity, around the Qiandao Lake Asian Games venue, there will be a series of supporting facilities construction . Among them, Jinshanping Village near the Asian Games venue will also witness a restoration. After the reconstruction, it will be endowed with commercial and leisure functions and become a characteristic village integrating catering, home stay, cultural and creative industrial as well as art exhibition.
▼金山坪村落复建全貌，project general view ©尹明
▼总体鸟瞰，aerial view ©尹明
▼屋顶鳞次栉比，the row upon row of houses ©尹明
The construction of traditional villages should, first of all, be deliberated on the physical level, restored and protected, returned and expanded, reshaped the traditional settlement morphology, and constructed the rural features and characteristics. Second, exploration should be conducted on the spiritual level, think and supplement, continue and inherit, and tease out the new rural context.
The original village texture contains rich traces of life, which is a natural achievement beyond the architects. Thus we restored “new village” by conforming to such a natural texture, while only make some minor adjustments according to the existing norms and requirements of the owners, so as to achieve the goal of “taking nature as the basis, restoring the traces of the village”, and reconstruct a village layout without architects to make it more natural.
▼新老建筑外轮廓对比分析，building group profile before and after renovation ©天华建筑二所
Original country road is naturally formed in the residents’ everyday life, such a path is a kind of existence before the house, is the most appropriate natural design. When we are in the process of reconstruction, the original village road is set as reference to in accordance with, in the meantime, we optimizd and integrated it to formed a center backbone, each nodes of core spaces in the subsequent design, are expanded from this path.
After the overall reconstruction of the village, the main function of the village is to support tourism based on rural experience. We must take into account the organization and distribution of people and the spatial experience of people in the alley. Therefore, we adjusted the original excessive zigzag and narrow space, and expand some space to serve as the node for people to gather and disperse.
We follow the skyline of the original village and integrate it to form the profile of our elevation. After analyzing the common facade form of the existing village, although it was ordinary Jiangnan architecture style, but aesthetic was etched on white walls and black tiles by years, so in terms of the overall facade style, we choose the white textured coating, partly collocate the wood grain steel plate for ornament, and keep the roofing of Chinese style tile as before, although these a prosaic gesture, but we know that, over time, the rough texture of white wall will become mottled and grainy, traditional tiles will grow moss, wood grain steel will darken oxide, which then gradually return to facade feature of the original village.
In addition, since the function of the village is updated from the original residential property to the public property, and the small windows in the original facade cannot meet the requirements of lighting and commercial management, therefore we preferd the modern larger windows, and at the same time reduced the division of frame, so that the appearance is cleaner and the indoor vision is broader.
▼新旧村落立面对比，尊重原有天际线，village facade before and after renovation ©尹明
After the renovation, the village is a tourism supporting business community with rich functions in diversified formats. As mentioned above, we design individual architecture in accordance with the original village texture, which conforms to the original village in terms of both the plane outline and the spatial relationship. The internal function is carefully adjusted on the basis of full communication with the owner, which not only meets the requirements of various operations, but also allows the internal space to be flexible and diverse, and also meets the regulations of local government departments. On the other hand, in the architectonic sense, rural practice can avoid some means of industrial construction and return to tectonic, which is a study of traditional structures and materials and a reflection and application of indigenous construction methods.
▼沿湖面实景，咖啡厅与茶室，view from the lake: cafe and tea room ©尹明
▼村落内部实景，buildings in the village ©尹明
▼村落沿湖实景，village facing the lake ©尹明
The Cultural and Creative Exhibition hall at the village entrance
We adopted a special strategy: to retain the wooden structure of the house as a whole, we set up the exterior building envelope with glass rib curtain wall. The wooden structure thus becomes a huge permanent exhibit. The frameless glass curtain wall is its outer shell, and the delicate architectural timber structure inside is clearly visible. Meanwhile, the outer contour of the glass curtain wall maintains the original architectural form and retains the gable form of the village entrance. We hope it can arouse people’s imagination and memory and become the most symbolic highlight of the new village.
▼入口文创展厅实景，the Cultural and Creative Exhibition hall at the village entrance ©尹明
Antique Finish Wall
In the village, there are three individuals we conducted the “original technology” reconstruction, to achieve the goal of “Keep the appearance, change its core”, the adornment of the bar, exposed aggregate base , hexagon bottle form window, the calligraphy on the head of door, have been retained, while its internal adopts new concrete structure to replace the original wooden one, ensure the solid and security of building. The three buildings that retain the facade will be used as artist studios to inherit more local atmosphere.
▼左侧建筑立面为传统工艺复建，for the building on the left, “original technology” reconstruction was conducted in its facade ©尹明
The juxtaposition of two different materials: the renewed wall (left) & the weathering steel (right) ©尹明
the remained stairs and the facade renewed with original technology
A sculpture art display space is one among the desired functions of the client, which not only has the interior space of the building, but also has an outdoor site to meet the multi-dimensional display requirements. As we were unwilling to break through the outline of the original village in the overall form of the building, we made great efforts in the material by utilizing the dry hanging concrete slab to reflect the effect of “chiseling the stone”. In order to achieve the natural texture, we used artificial chiseling on the concrete slab for the second processing, which achieved remarkable results. In the villages with white walls and grey tiles, such a carved concrete image will establish its unique identity, break the plain of the architectural style of the villages, improve the identification, and enrich the experience of tourists.
▼立面的“凿石”效果，the effect of “chiseling the stone” ©尹明
▼不同材质建筑在村落中展现，materials integrated in the texture of the village ©尹明
▼村落一层平面图，ground floor plan of the village ©天华建筑二所