Parque O2是一个由五颜六色的竹子组成的庞大公共装置，已于近日在哥斯达黎加圣何塞市的一座废弃体育中心公园开放。该装置是建筑事务所Taller KEN在2016年发起的年度设计建造项目FUNdaMENTAL Design Build Initiative的最新成果。
Parque O2, a sprawling public installation of colorful bamboo totems, recently opened in San José, Costa Rica’s disused Polideportivo de Aranjuez Park. The project is the latest installment of the FUNdaMENTAL Design Build Initiative, an annual design-build project founded by New York and Costa Rica-based architecture and design firm Taller KEN in 2016.
FUNdaMENTAL通常会邀请来自世界各地的早期职业建筑师在三个月的时间内共同努力，以解决设计、社区空间和社会影响等多方面的现实问题。在本地专家的指导下，他们深入到多元化的社区当中，致力于加深对文化差异的理解。对于Taller KEN这种将好玩的设计与城市文化更新相结合的实践来说，持续不断的努力至关重要。今年的项目Parque O2是由来自印度、海地、突尼斯、土耳其、保加利亚、意大利、中国、加拿大和美国的10名国际建筑和设计系学生在哥斯达黎加技术学院当地同学的支持下合作创建的。
The premise of FUNdaMENTAL is to invite early-career architects from around the world to work together over a three-month period to address real world problems at the intersection of design, community space, and social impact. They engage local, diverse communities and rely heavily on developing their understanding of cultural nuances, with guidance from local experts. The ongoing effort is essential to Taller KEN’s overarching practice, which pairs playful design with a focus on civic and cultural renewal. This year’s project, Parque O2 was created through a collaboration by ten international architecture and design students from India, Haiti, Tunisia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Italy, China, Canada, the United States, with support from local students from TEC Tecnológico de Costa Rica.
▼场地被形态各异的草坪进一步塑造，这些草坪还作为不同模块竹林的基座，the site is further shaped by a variety of lawns that also serve as the base for the different modules of the bamboo forest.
Located in San José’s public Polideportivo Park, the installation connects the highly complex topological, social, and environmental components of the site, which sits at the intersection of a contaminated urban waterway, an informal settlement, and a railway on one side, and an organic market and public green space on the other. Previously, the areas were nearly inaccessible to each other, dividing communities along both geographical and socioeconomic lines. Forging a spatial and visual connection between these diverse conditions, the participants undertook a series of physical and social actions to unify the disparate areas of the site. Removing trash, overgrowth, and intimidating security fencing, paired with outreach to neighborhood residents and stakeholders, helped to lay the groundwork for a design intervention with community support.
▼项目一侧是铁路，另一侧是有机市集和公共绿地，a railway on one side, and an organic market and public green space on the other
▼隧道也根据项目的色调进行了装饰，the tunnel was also decorated according to the project’s tone
The result is a field of bamboo sticks painted in a vibrant gradient of yellows, golden oranges, hot pinks, and purples. Together, they create a meandering path linking the main nodes of Polideportivo Park and the railway near the upper informal settlement. The terrain is further shaped by grass-covered mounds of different shapes and sizes, which serve as seating pedestals for the groupings of bamboo totems. Covering a total surface area of approximately 2,000 square meters, the installation is comprised of 600 reclaimed tires filled with gravel and crushed stone (used as a base for the mounds and for soil retention and manage flooding) and approximately 1,200 linear meters of bamboo.
▼整片竹林被绘制成渐变色彩，the whole bamboo forest is painted in gradual colors
▼填充有砾石和碎石的再生轮胎用作防洪土墩和土壤固持，reclaimed tires filled with gravel and crushed stone used as a base for the mounds and for soil retention and manage flooding
▼竹竿用不同颜色来标记空气污染程度，bamboos are color-coded to indicate air pollution levels
In addition to being colorful and playful, the installation also serves a sophisticated environmental purpose. In order to raise community awareness around air pollution in the area, the color palette of the bamboo poles works as an indicator of pollution levels, varying from yellow (very low) to purple (very high). The hues employed in each area are informed by accurate air pollution measurements taken by the team during the early phases of the project. Parque O2’s environmental engagement is active as well as educational. By mixing the paint coating the bamboo with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), a highly photo-catalytic and reactive chemical, the installation actually mitigates the polluted air itself. TiO2 is activated by UV sunlight, and when exposed to particulate matter and pollutants has the power to convert them into organic molecules, which then can be washed off the surface of the bamboo by rain.
All aspects of Parque O2 — both aesthetic and functional — were designed with the intent to engage the local community, many of whom were involved throughout the entire design-build process and worked closely with the FUNdaMENTAL team. Initial site research was done with building on the work of local urban/ environmental initiatives and non-profits. The design process was developed in communication with local architecture students and reviewed by University faculty and experts. The resulting proposal was constructed with materials and resources donated from both private companies and the regional municipality. Onsite labor was a combination of participants, volunteers and local residents including several members of the transient community that sleep in the park at night. Each phase built on the next, expanding participants understanding of the design build process- executing a built work by incorporating more voices into the process.
▼前来观赏装置的人络绎不绝，people came to view the installation in an endless stream
这是所有FUNdaMENTAL Design Build Initiative项目中最重要的一个部分。人们对于各种装置的参与和尊重，有利于这些装置和设施未来的可持续利用。用Taller KEN的设计师Gregory Melitonov的话来说就是：“这一经验有助于实践团队确立其在公共领域的工作方法，并向非传统受众传达并应用其设计理念。”
This is an essential component of all FUNdaMENTAL Design Build Initiative projects; engendering daily involvement and respect for the various installations, which encourages their future sustainability. In the words of Taller KEN’s Gregory Melitonov, “This experience has helped the practice establish its approach to working in the public realm; communicating and applying its design ethos to non-traditional audiences.”
▼夜幕下，开了灯的装置成为一片灯海，at night, the device that turned on the light became a sea of lights
Location: Polideportivo de Aranjuez, San José, Costa Rica
Organizers: Taller KEN
Team members: Sheryl Wadehra (India), Benjamin Hakimian (USA), Carmen Chee (USA), Li
AnHong (China), Laurence Von Lignau (Haiti), Waddah Dridi (Tunisia), Serkan Ates (Turkey),
Riccardo Zocche (Italy), Hrabrina Nikolova (Bulgaria), Florence Méthot (Canada)
Local student participants: Andrei Seredin (Costa Rica), Diego Blanco (Costa Rica), Johana
Vargas (Costa Rica), Valeria Murillo (Costa Rica), Kéndary Rojas (Costa Rica)
Supporters: Municipalidad de San José and Parque Polideportivo de Aranjuez with
A-01, Alejandro Cruz, Barrio, Bruna, Casa Botánica, CCDR San José, Edificio
Steinvorth, Glidden, Grupo aie, PPG Paints, Río Urbano, Rutas Naturbanas, Selina,
SJO ¡Vive!, Tecnológico de Costa Rica (TEC), The Globe Program, Universidad de
Photography: Andres Garcia Lachner (site photos), Leo Carvajal (team portraits), Manduca Audiovisual (video)