The precious resources of the village send out the message of ” Idle Hungting “
Xiaoshi Village (now named Jincheng Community, located in Guihua Town, Pengzhou City, Sichuan Province), an hour and a half drive from downtown Chengdu, has become the center of the regional economy since the development of coal mines in the 1960s. After the 1990s, Xiaoshi Village began to become increasingly depressed. Until the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008, the entire village was basically destroyed, the coal mine collapsed, and the economy lost its mainstay. After the reconstruction after the earthquake, most of the young and middle-aged in the village chose to go out to work.
▼项目概览，project preview © 草木君
▼小石村，Xiaoshi Village © 直译建筑
These bungalows rebuilt after the earthquake in 2008 did not retain the old personality of western Sichuan. At the same time, with the hollowing of the countryside, a two-story, four- or five-room house was left with only one or two elderly people living in these lively houses. The sound and picture disappeared, and the space began to become free.
▼小石村村民，the villagers © 存在建筑
“How to solve the scarcity of rural construction land, how to revitalize idle rural assets, how to increase villagers’ and village’s collective income” and other issues collided in the mind of Secretary Yue (Secretary of Xiaoshi Village), and gradually produced the prototype of the idea of sharing a homestay. Immediately afterwards, the secretary sent us a message of “Idle Hungting” in Xiaoshi Village: The designer was asked to connect the second floors of 30 ordinary farm houses as a homestay and operate as a whole.
▼共享民宿原场地，the original site © 时地建筑
“Bundling” everyone in a boat is an innovation based on local conditions
The concept of domestic homestays comes from Japanese, generally refers to family hotels where locals have their own spare rooms to provide accommodation and food for tourists. So what should a shared homestay look like? What kind of spatial experience can it bring? How can Xiaoshi Village sneak into people’s thoughts?
In this era of material surplus, one of the scarcest resources is space. In the village renewal and construction, on the one hand, the collective construction indicators are very valuable, on the other hand, the villagers’ houses are hollowed out to produce idle space. The combination of these two in this project also solves the problem of idle labor and benefit sharing. This model is the first innovatian of Xiaoshicun.
▼共享民宿改造范围，site plan of the renovation © 草木君
The development model adapted to local conditions makes the design of shared homestays different from the clear and streamlined design work model of previous homestays. Initially, we did not design directly, but together with the village committee, we conducted a large number of villagers’ symposiums and villagers’ willingness surveys. An “industrial revival” growing from within and an “innovation tailored to local conditions” are brewing. The shared homestay model is to form a community of interests of villagers, village collectives and professional operating companies, and draw everyone to the united front, where the “community of destiny” develops the village.
shared homestay model © 时地建筑
The DNA of shared homestay guides us to return to the “real” homestay experience, extending the experience of “country home” from the private sphere to the public sphere. This “human touch of upstairs and downstairs” penetrates into people’s hearts through space.
▼共享民宿功能分区，functional partition © 时地建筑
Exploring the individuality of the country, “human touch” has become Xiaoshi’s fatal charm
The village committee plans to cover 30 households in the community. After discussion, it was decided to transform the 4 households north of the village committee in Xiaoshi community as a demonstration, and also as a starting point for exploring the shared homestay model.
▼共享民宿原场地，the original building © 时地建筑
▼共享民宿总图，project site plan © 时地建筑
ground floor plan after renovation © 时地建筑
The first batch of 4 households surrounded by village committees and residential buildings, has no outstanding natural scenery resources, and each residential building is independent.
In order to break this completely open state, we started with the layout, with the basic concept of “bringing the community into the interior”, and the neat layout after the earthquake happened to provide us with convenience. The guidance from space makes the experience of sharing homestays more introverted, and creates a good communication and dialogue space for aboriginals and new visitors.
The first step is to use the original height difference of the site and add some stairs, walls and plants to form a courtyard for the four households. One is to provide a relatively safe environment for tourists, and the other is to create an atmosphere different from the current state of a completely open community.
▼小石记山宿，the new homestay building © 草木君
▼共享民宿立面图，elevation © 时地建筑
In what kind of space do the aborigines and new visitors “live together”? The delicate relationship between up and down in the new “countryard” has become the most critical issue in the design. It is necessary to ensure the privacy of the villagers and visitors, but also to create a good spatial communication experience.
In the early days, the village committee of Xiaoshi Village planned to connect the second floor in a unified manner. However, after field investigation, we found that a separate staircase that erected in the passage between each two households was the most economical and convenient methods.
a continuous eave was added above the ground floor © 草木君
The aborigines and new visitors quietly “stick” under the eaves of staggered dimensions
The main entrance of the building is set to enter from below, forming a second turning point of the entrance and digesting the height difference of the terrain. The path changes brought about by the plateau height difference formed the experience of tactfully uphill at the entrance, which also continued the experience of walking in the village. On the stone path, visitors climb up the stairs and get a tortuous experience.
▼入口区域，entrance area © 草木君
▼入口楼梯，staircase © 草木君
▼细节，detailed view © 草木君
villagers in the new community © 有点编辑部 ©草木君
▼叠加的屋檐，the staggered eaves © 有点编辑部
▼二层院子，the “courtyards” on the upper floor © 有点编辑部
▼客房内部，guest room © 草木君 ©有点编辑部
▼户外空间，outdoor space © 草木君
▼屋檐下的休闲空间，the sheltered seating area © 存在建筑
▼共享菜地，the shared vegetable field © 时地建筑
Exporting rural value to the city, the aging trend cannot match the “heat of human touch”
With the emergence of people’s social interaction behaviors, the space is also alive. The public space is the intersection of the city and the countryside. It can trigger the encounters of eyes and behavior or daily conversations in the differentiated cultural value, and bring to the countryside some new knowledge, connections and surprises.
Through the interaction of “village homes”, the local agricultural products grown by the villagers themselves, the experience of the homestay space, etc., the village feeds back the city and exports the value of the village to the city.
▼街道视角，street view © 有点编辑部
This unique form of interactive space also allows the city to continuously send “popularity” to the countryside. Popularity is the magic medicine to solve the aging of the countryside. It is to create a place for communication and exchange between people in different age groups on the basis of ensuring privacy. Young people can ask older people for their experience, and old people can feel youthful and vigor from the young people around them.
▼在这个叠加的屋檐下，让乡村的“孤独”慢慢蒸发 © 草木君
Under this superimposed eaves, let the “loneliness” of the countryside slowly evaporate.
▼小石记山宿，the new homestay building © 草木君
The record of Xiaoshi community practice
Recalling that when I received this “impossible task”, I was both excited about a brand-new model and felt that innovation was not easy.
According to past experience,will the soundproofing problem, drainage problem of the homestay, the interference of the upper and lower floors , and the structure and load-bearing of the house become an obstacle to innovation? Can this new model operate for a long time and continue to bring benefits?It can be said that during the implementation of the project, we were nervous to check for various possible problems, and we were relieved until the smooth opening of the homestay.
We have observed that the problem of disturbing upstairs and downstairs, which we were most worried about, was not obvious in the end. The villagers abide by the contract and try not to make noise, because the residents bring real benefits to their homes, and the residents also have the subconscious mind of living in the villagers’ homes. Both sides are very respectful. At the same time, the residents downstairs will also provide conveniences such as customizing farm meals for the upstairs. The communication between the two parties is very harmonious.
The shared homestay project is a very new attempt. Of course, this new model will continue to develop and iterate in the future. We are convinced that in this kind of communication between different groups of people, new values will continue to be produced, which will eventually change the rural community ecology.
–by Li Ye (Principal of Shidi Architectural Design Studio)
▼一层平面图，plan level 1 © 时地建筑
▼二层平面图，plan level 2 © 时地建筑
▼屋顶平面图，roof plan © 时地建筑
▼剖面图，sections © 时地建筑
项目设计 & 完成年份
Project name: Jincheng community , The Multi-purpose Public Space
Design: Studio Dali Architects: WeChat Official Account：Studio Dali时地建筑
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Leader designer & Team: Main architect: Ye Li
Project Director/Project Architect: Ye Li
Design team: Xun Zhang, Lijun Yang
Project location: Jincheng Community, Pengzhou city, Sichuan Province
Gross Built Area (square meters): Indoor renovation area of shared homestay: 330.5 square meter
Photo credits: Arch-exist/ EDITORIAL OFFICE OF ” CHENGDU STYLE “/ CaoMu Jun
Partners Community governance consultant: Fufei Yue
Clients: Jincheng Community, Pengzhou city
Brands / Products used in the project: Steel, wood, stone, small blue tiles, small blue bricks, bamboo