▼学校外观夜景，开放通透的北入口，在傍晚可以看到“园”的形态，exterior view of the school, from the open and transparent north entrance, you can see the shape of “garden” in the evening ©金伟琦
Whenever we take on a design project, we want to find a deeper space content be-yond form and function, which I call the spirit of space. In our opinion, she is the core of space, the source of soul and a source of vitality and tension. she must be transformed into a “spatial prototype” when she needs to be perceived by body and perception, which fuses functions and forms to form physical space.
▼老水池与新立面，old pool and new facade ©金伟琦
night view of the facade which is like a hazy “screen” ©金伟琦
关于君谊 | About Junyi
“Duan’s descendants are engaged in medical care and education rather than poli-tics,” was the motto of Tuan chi-jui, the great-grandfather of duan junyi, the found-er of junyi middle school. That was the motto of Tuan chi-jui, the great-grandfather of Ms. Duan Junyi, the founder of Junyi middle school. Due to the shortage of teaching space, the school applied to the education depart-ment to transform the existing basketball arena into the international department. In addition to ordinary classrooms, the school also wants to have enough multi-functional activity rooms and communication space for children’s free discussion. The young head of the international department keeps talking to me about the fu-ture model of education and she wanted to create an open, equal and creative learning environment.
空间原型 | Space prototype
“我认为，学校是由适合学习的空间所构成的环境，学校开始于一棵树下，一个不自觉为老师的人与一些不自觉为学生的人讨论着他们对事物的领悟。”——路易斯·康（Louis I. Kahn）。有些时候，只有将实际项目与康的话结合才能理解其含义。我找到两幅具代表意义的中国私塾教学场景：宋画《孔子授学图》和明代林良的《学童闹堂图》。
“A school is an environment made up of Spaces suitable for learning. School began with a man under a tree, who did not know he was a teacher, sharing his realization with a few, who did not know they were students” ——Louis I. Kahn Sometimes, the meaning can only be understood by combining the actual project with Kahn’s words. I find two representative scenes of teaching in Chinese private schools: Confucius in the Song dynasty and Schoolchildren in the Ming dynasty by Lin Liang.
The two paintings depict three similarities in the spatial form of ancient education: openness, gardening and harmonious teacher-student relationship. Combined with Kahn’s description of the learning space as “under a tree,” the two images almost serve as an illustration of the concept. Although there are no trees, the “screen” in the Song dynasty and the “pavilion” in the Ming dynasty both play a role in defining the space, just like Kahn’s “tree”. They are just more concrete and more functional. This garden space, which is open to the space and integrated with the nature, makes the atmosphere relaxed and pleasant and the light and air are flowing. The space filled with natural atmosphere is the reason why students can let their na-ture go and get along with strict teachers.
▼空间原型图，学童闹堂图（明·林良，左），孔子授学图（宋·佚名，右），paintings for space prototype ©图片均来源于网络
营造“游园” | Create a “Flow Garden”
▼项目生成过程，generation process ©意度建筑
This kind of space prototype can be summarized by the word “garden”. It is difficult to make the study space into a “garden” in the limited space of 800 square meters, and the school wants more rooms. In addition, under the contemporary education model, the classroom cannot be completely open to the outside. Therefore, we plan to create a kind of “garden like” space, and give the space timeliness and fluidity. We added “Flow” to the design to get “Flow Garden”. This is similar to the method of classical garden, through the small space to see the big atmosphere. Our design makes the space become zigzag, rich and diverse through folding space and obsta-cle scenery, thus obtaining interesting space with well-arranged, orderly opening and closing, light and dark changes and proper density. These Spaces will serve as multi-purpose classrooms and Shared Spaces. This kind of design has the meaning that garden changes garden quite also resembles game space. The common class-room is square and centered around the Shared space.
The “garden” is placed in the center of the stadium space to form a” garden ” of the interior space by opening Windows to the sky. The classrooms are located east and west and open to the outside for natural light and ventilation. The north entrance hall opens to the playground, giving the interior “garden” a view. The skylight at the top provides light and sky for the “garden”, which communicates with nature and brings vitality to the space. The sections and the turning of the plane give the space a garden-like interest. This makes the line of sight and the full flow, in line with the description of “flow “. The “flow garden” structure connects the space with the hu-man body and perception.
▼剖透视，原有篮球馆大空间置入教学和共享空间，perspective section, inserting educational and communal spaces into the original basketball arena ©意度建筑
▼剖透视，“园”由南向北逐渐打开，将北侧操场景观收入室内，perspective section, the garden gradually opens from south to north to embrace the playground landscape on the north ©意度建筑
空间形体 | The space form
▼学校外观，exterior view of the school ©金伟琦
Space body is endowed with two kinds of characters: one is composed and heavy. Which means the profound history of Junyi middle school; The other is light and elegant, which expresses the new teaching concept and relaxed learning atmosphere of the current era. The two characters complement each other, collide and harmonize. The rigid weathering steel is a metaphor for the logic and directness of western education. The soft U – shaped glass embodies the poetry and moderation of eastern culture.
light U glass and heavy weathering steel in the sunshine ©金伟琦
the form change of the glass brick in the first layer and the U glass in the second layer ©金伟琦
The exterior interface of the building is endowed with spatial depth, such as the combination of bamboo and weathering steel, U glass and open balcony. This space, whether seen from the outside or from the inside, is the last floor of the extension of the garden form as the “garden”. Light and shadow move in this depth interface and record the passage of time, which endows the interior with space expansion and landscape, and creates a transparent and rich form and light color for the outdoor.
view of the building from the landscape pool in the center of the campus ©金伟琦
space details, the combination of the “garden” and the building skin makes the skin become a space with thickness ©金伟琦
▼入口大厅，entrance hall ©金伟琦
the great steps and three air corridors were visible from the hall ©金伟琦
The entrance hall is the northernmost reconstruction of the original basketball arena. The design makes full use of the clear height of the original pavilion space to form an upward space, and demolishes the north wall to bring the playground landscape into the interior. The large step space connects the lobby on the ground floor and the activity platform on the second floor. With the sky as the cover and the stairs as the mat, the space under the “tree” provides an open and natural place for learning and communication. Its dimensional interface resembles dew is not dew and want to cover hide again. Its rules are derived from the obstacles of classical gardens, which never show the whole picture to people, which can encourage people to explore and travel constantly. In the gap of flow, the space such as corridor, hall, stair, skylight frames exterior scenery indoor.
▼“游园”空间，space of “sightseeing garden” ©金伟琦
▼“园” – 苍穹之下的学习空间，大台阶空间联系着首层大厅和二层活动平台，”garden” – learning space under the sky, the large step space connects the lobby on the ground floor and the activity platform on the second floor ©金伟琦
Since the central part of the building cannot be directly lit, we adopted the lighting well through the second and third floors in the design to directly introduce the light to form a soft and natural interior effect. The interplay of light and shadow and the change of light and shade between the flow garden enrich the space experience.
▼建筑中心部位采用贯通二、三层的采光井将光线直接引入，the lighting well through the second and third floors at the central part of the building directly introduces the light ©金伟琦
▼二层夹层平台，视线可穿过空中过廊眺望远处室外景观，the line of sight can be seen from the mezzanine platform on the second floor through the air gallery to the distant outdoor landscape ©金伟琦
▼联系二层夹层、三层走廊和三层夹层的楼梯，a staircase connects the first mezzanine, the third mezzanine corridor and the third mezzanine ©金伟琦
▼讨论空间，discussion space ©金伟琦
▼“水晶宫”会议室内景，interior view of the conference room of “crystal palace” ©金伟琦
写在最后 | End
We think the building can be divided into several levels: one is to reasonably meet the functional needs; The second is to creatively solve functional needs, that is to give functional logic and beauty; The third is to endue space with soul on the basis of the first two points, that is the spirit of space we mentioned before. At the begin-ning of the design, in addition to understanding the site, functions, etc., we also hope to understand the background and personality of an owner or a group of owners, as well as the personality and cultural context of the site. We hope to ex-plore a kind of “spatial prototype” and universal truth that fits with the owner and find some internal logic so as to infuse these internal logics into our design and en-soul. Functions and forms are constructed around this spirit, so that the space spirit can be perceived until the space is finished. We call this process from intangible (feeling) to tangible (construction) to intangible (perception). ——Chen Ximin (Article)
▼项目区位图，the location ©意度建筑
▼首层平面图，1F plan ©意度建筑
▼二层平面图，2F plan ©意度建筑
▼三层及夹层平面图，3F and mezzanine floor plan ©意度建筑
▼北立面图，north elevation ©意度建筑
▼西立面图，west elevation ©意度建筑
Project name: International department of Beijing private JunYi middle school
Design: EDO ARCHITECTS
Design period: 2018.4-2018.9
Construction period: 2018.5-2019.9
Principal Architect: Chen Ximin
Design Team: Wang Yulong，Jiang Bowen
Project location: Daxing district, Beijing
Gross Built Area (square meters): 2942
Photo credits: Jin Weiqi
Partners: Huachengboyuan Engineering Technology Group Co., Ltd.
Clients: Beijing private Junyi middle school
Brands / Products used in the projrct: Weathering steel, U-Shaped Glass, Glass blocks, aluminum sheet