Location and environment
This project is located in Shihuyu Village, Jiuduhe Town, Huairou, Beijing, China. And this village is located at the foot of the Water Great Wall, surrounded by endless mountains. The old building is the typical traditional quadrangle in the northern China. There is a residential house over a century old on the north of it. And in the south, it is also a quadrangle. As to the east and south side of the site, they have clear view, it is easily to appreciate the endless mountains and the Grate Wall of China.
▼绵延山脉与林海环绕的项目，project among endless mountains and forests
The old building is supported by timber structure and enclosed by masonry. It was a setting for a country love story TV series. But these days, no one lives here anymore and the building is in a state of decay. Now, the owners of this place are the young couple, a music producer and an engineer and florist. And the host spent his most childhood in the village, he has a special feeling about the whole place. They want to rebuild this place as a courtyard house, providing accommodation and social function, as well as, exhibiting floristry.
▼改造后的项目外观，exterior of the project after renovation
Juxtaposition of old and new
The old building was consisted of a main building with five openings and an annex with two openings. The depth of it was quite small, about 4.2 meters. Obviously, the small space was not able to satisfy the new functional need. Therefore, we extended a multi-function hall by timber construction in the southeast corner, which is closed to the original annex. Then, the first floor of the old annex and the new hall has been connected as a large dinning and kitchen space. The second floor of the new hall has a tea house and sightseeing platform where can see the Great Wall.
▼轴侧分解图，axonometric decomposition diagram
▼东南角扩建木结构的多功能厅，贴紧原附属建筑，a multi-function hall by timber construction is addded in the southeast corner, which is closed to the original annex
▼木结构的二层为茶室和观景露台，可将远处的长城景观纳入视野，the second floor of the new hall has a tea house and sightseeing platform where can see the Great Wall
The old main building is reconstructed as three guest rooms. In order to extent indoor space, different viewing boxes have been added in each room. The viewing boxes supported by steel structure and enclosed by pine board. They look like float on the ground. In sharp contrast between the old and the new, the heavy and the light, the historical building is reborn.
▼漂浮的观景盒，the floating viewing boxes
▼三个观景盒的内部采用钢结构，外部使用松木板包裹，three viewing boxes are supported by steel structure and enclosed by pine board
The original timber structure has been reserved, while part of external walls has been renewed. We reserved the whole stone walls, but rebuilt the southern wall. Also, we redesigned the entrance and windows, as well as the viewing boxes. In addition, we tore down the shabby roof, added insulation and waterproof layer, as well as the skylight. What is more, the traditional blue roofing tiles have been recycled.
▼客房室内，interior of guest room
▼可观赏星空的天窗，roof widow with view to the sky
Old building represent a piece of history and memory. The key problem in our design is how to minimize the effect of newly built part on the historical building. In the end, we decided to remain the strategy of light construction, which is what we have been studying and practicing.
▼二层木结构后退形成露台，the timber structure recedes to form a sightseeing platform
Architecture and nature
The rebuilding concept is based on the relationship between architecture and nature. On the one hand, we chose the raw materials of nature – timber, which is also the original bearing structure of the old building. On the other hand, we utilized large area glass to allow nature permeate into the room. Several persimmon trees have been reserved in the courtyard. In late autumn, the orange-red persimmons just like red lanterns hanging in the tree. And the flowers planted by the owner make this place become a unique quadrangle.
▼咖啡厅-大面积的玻璃让自然渗透到内部，cafe- large area glass to allow nature permeate into the room
▼木结构框架形成取景框，timber structure becomes view frames
▼阳光、绿植、石材、木材一同形成惬意雅致的空间，sunlight, plants, stone and timber create a comfortable and interesting space
▼一层平面图，1st floor plan
▼二层平面图，2nd floor plan