The project, located in Guangzhou, is a historical park of defense education built on the mountain, based on the original ancient forts with a history of about 150 years. This project mainly aims to improve the forts and their surrounding environment. The design content includes the entrance of the historical park, an indoor exhibition hall, linear exhibitions along with the road and identification systems, with a total design scope of about 10,000㎡.
▼项目概览，overall of the project ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼入口原貌，original entrance © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
There is a complete fort defense system around the site, which is well preserved. During the design process, we mainly consider the enormous historical and ecological significance of the site. Therefore, the design needs to be integrated into the environment, and it should also refrain from triggering any environmental changes, which means besides not damaging the forts themselves, we should also minimize the environmental impact on mountains and roads.
▼轴测图，axonometric drawing © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
▼分析图，diagram © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
The entrance of the project is located at an unobvious crossroad on the hillside, and there is a tourist public toilet next to the entrance, which is negative and unaesthetic visually. In order to enhance the recognition of the entrance of the project and shield the public toilet, we build a stone wall as the entrance of the historical park using local stones and rusty steel plates. While the wall itself became a marking point, the rusted steel plate on it can shield the public toilet behind it. The construction detail of stacking stones in the steel cage brings more possibility to the diversity of the wall’s form, and the combination of the rusted steel and stone materials brings a steady historical sense to the entrance.
▼项目入口，entrance design ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼穿孔耐候钢板则对背后的公厕有一定的遮蔽作用，the rusted steel plate on it can shield the public toilet behind it ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼当地石料与锈钢板制作的垒石墙，the stone wall as the entrance of the historical park ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼由小路看入口与石墙，viewing the entrance and the stone wall from the path ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
After that, we design a series of exhibitions along both sides of the road. The exhibitions are mainly about modern and contemporary history related to the forts. To make sure it is transparent for the tourists’ sight of the natural environment on both sides of the road, we design a series of randomly rusted steel plates. The exhibition contents are printed on translucent acrylic boards and fixed on the rusted steel boards by nails. By controlling the modulus, we can freely adjust the exhibition content. The transparent display wall and the green shade behind it are combined and presented to visitors.
▼沿路展陈保持了游客对路边自然环境的视线通透，the plates make sure it is transparent for the tourists’ sight of the natural environment on both sides of the road ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼沿路展陈，exhibitions along both sides of the road ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼穿孔耐候钢板的展架，Display frame of perforated rusted steel plates ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
In the whole project, our main concern is to create a design suitable for “the site”. In the choice of materials, we hope that the design can integrate into the environment and reflect the real history, as an over-detached and exaggerated design is full of personality but not suitable for such a serious place.
▼原有古炮台群，original ancient forts ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
Attached to the forts, the vaulted building built by old red bricks is cleaned and repaired. We update the form and content of the indoor exhibition and then add lights according to its original characteristics. The spotlights facing downward meet the demands of the exhibitions, while the linear lights facing upward appropriately brighten the original red brick vault, forming a “new in the old” concept.
▼室内展陈，indoor exhibition design ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼红砖砌筑的拱形结构建筑得到了修复，the red-brick arch structure has been restored ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
▼红砖拱顶，the original red brick vault ©吴嗣铭 Siming Wu
In terms of the construction method, we hope to provide more possibilities and reversibility for future changes. Therefore, we adopt a lighter transformation method based on the principle of protecting the historical site. At the same time, when the contents or forms of future exhibitions need to be changed, they can be replaced based on our design, which can reduce the damage to the surrounding environment.
▼耐候钢板与穿孔钢板细部，Details of the rusty steel and perforated steel plates © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
▼石材与原有红砖拱顶细部，details of the stone and the original brick vault © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
▼总平面图，master plan © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
▼立面图，elevation © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
▼剖面图，section © 竖梁社 Atelier cnS
项目设计 & 完成年份：2020.06 & 2021.01
Project name：Historical Park of Fort Remains
Design year & Completion Year：2020.06 & 2021.01
Leader designer & Team
Lead Architects: Guanqiu Zhong, Gang Song, ZhiYuan Zhu
Design Team: Hairui Lin, Yaqian Cai, Wenlang Liang, Zhanchong Deng, Xi Zhang(Intern)
Project location：Nansha District, Guangzhou
Site Area:10000 ㎡
Photo credits (needs to credit each)：Siming Wu
Joint planning team in the early stage : URBAN ELEPHANT