合肥政务文化新区中心湖区,安徽 / 奥雅设计

生长的天鹅湖

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感谢 奥雅设计 对gooood的分享。更多关于:L&A Design on gooood
Appreciation towards L&A Design for providing the following description:

一阵急促的电话铃声响起。尽管是周末,深圳奥雅的办公室内依旧讨论纷纷,一位设计师转身接起电话。电话的另一端,是一千公里之外的合肥。彼时的合肥,刚刚启动政务文化新区,按照规划先行的策略,新区建设指挥办公室迫切地寻找国内外的优秀设计机构,为大规模的建设保驾护航。这一次,电话中讨论的项目正是新区生态环境的起步区域——350公顷的中心湖区。

Weekend as it was, the Shenzhen office of L&A Design was filled with the sound of discussion, which was suddenly broken in by the ringing of the telephone. A designer turned around to answer the phone. The call was from Hefei, a city about a thousand miles away. Based on the planning-oriented strategy, the Construction Headquarters of the newly started Heifei New Municipal and Culture District was urgently searching for the cooperation with excellent design organizations around the world. Over the phone, the two parties talked about the planning and design of the start-up area —— the 350 ha. lake park.

▼项目整体鸟瞰,overall aerial view ©奥雅设计

这是在2002年,国内各地的新城建设正处于起步阶段。面对这个大规模的项目时,奥雅的设计师倾注了更多的精力和期待。甚至多年以后,看到当地居民在天鹅湖畔流连忘返的场景时,他们都会倍感欣慰,认为这标志着在公共空间设计领域的重要起点。

It was 2002 when new town construction was in the early stage around China. For such a large-scale project, designers of L&A devoted all their efforts with the expectation to create a pleasant public space. Even years later, every time they see local residents enjoy themselves by the Swan Lake, they will feel extremely proud since it marked the beginning of the design in public spaces.

▼项目鸟瞰,aerial view ©图虫创意 /奥雅设计

公司发展的意义之外,更值得纪念的是,从天鹅湖的建设开始,整个政务新区的格局、城市气质发生了重要的变化,它在现代功能的格局框架之下,逐渐生长、演化,甚至进一步成为了合肥现代开放的新窗口。

What is more meaningful and memorable beyond the development of the company is that the structure and atmosphere of the New District have changed greatly since the construction of the Swan Lake Park. Featuring modern functions, it has gradually grown and evolved to be a new window that shows the opening and development of Hefei City.

▼湖边步道航拍顶视图,aerial top view of the lakeside path ©奥雅设计

▼水中广场航拍顶视图,aerial top view of the plaza ©图虫创意

 

大地景观 
Large Landscape

宏观的尺度上,新区划分出城市防护带、公园、花园和广场等四种开放空间形式,创造自由流动的网络系统。同时,天鹅湖畔的南北两岸分别设置大型城市广场,满足了大众的活动需求,东西侧与快速路之间的通道则相对平直,预留了缓冲地带。

On a macro scale, the New District defined four forms of open space, namely, buffer zone, park, garden and square, which created a free-flowing network. In addition to the Swan Lake Park, large urban squares were built on the north and south banks of the Swan Lake to provide spaces for public activities. The passage between the east and west banks and the express way was relatively straight, with buffer zones reserved.

▼天鹅湖与北侧政府办公楼之间的市民广场,City square between the Swan Lake and the north administration building ©奥雅设计

不过,理念的推进并非一帆风顺,关于功能和形式的争论是建设时期的焦点。 “有专家参照古典园林的布局模式,认为新区的公园空间应当要讲究迂回。”一位设计师回忆起设计的经过时,依然感慨万千,“当时专家组对公共空间和城市的关系、尺度和功能的关系,和我们的想法有些碰撞。”

However, the implementation of the design idea wasn’t all plain sailing, for there were many disputes over functions and forms. “Some experts insisted on designing the park in a roundabout way referring to classic Chinese gardens,” a designer recalled, “We had some different opinions from the panel of experts regarding the relations between public space and the city, scale and functions.”

▼市民广场鸟瞰,aerial view of the City square ©奥雅设计

“再比如,我们在东北角设计了一处半圆形的水中广场,有专家提议中国人要讲究圆满,建议把半圆改成全圆。”设计师的理念和传统的思维有所差别,更需要在多方的协调中不断深化方案,“幸运的是,当时新区鼓励更加现代化的做法,并且提出,如果考虑成熟的话,可以做得更加大胆。” 这座水中剧场,如今设置有一座鱼水情雕塑,成为了天鹅湖的重要标志,而场地中圆形和半圆形的骨架依旧清晰。

▼半圆形的水中广场,semicircular square at the northeast corner ©奥雅设计

“For example, we designed a semicircular square at the northeast corner, while some experts suggested we change it into a circular one since Chinese usually strive for perfect roundness.” There were differences between modern design and traditional ideas, so the team needed to constantly coordinate and adjust the design. “Fortunately, at that time, the New District encouraged modern ideas and bold designs based on mature consideration.” The waterfront square is now decorated with a sculpture of fish, which is a landmark of the Swan Lake Park. And the framework of the circular and the semicircular is still quite clear.

▼广场上的鱼水情雕塑,The waterfront square is now decorated with a sculpture of fish ©奥雅设计

 

步行尺度 
Walking System

宏观的形式与功能之下,团队相应地提出“步行生活圈”的构想,认为政务文化新区作为政治中心、文化中心,要有宜居的环境,需要做到步行5分钟就可以达到一个绿化节点,或是街头公园,或是绿轴。基于这样的框架,方案提出“现代生态环境,步行花园城市”的定位,进一步融合了现代化功能和人性化尺度。

Based on form and function, the design team proposed a “walking life circle” accordingly, which would make green nodes, city park or green axis accessible within a five-minute walk. With the aim to create “a modern ecological environment and a garden city for walking”, the team further integrated modern functions with the needs of people.

▼现代生态环境,步行花园城市,a modern ecological environment and a garden city for walking ©奥雅设计

结合整体规划和地块禀赋,团队展开了湖区的细节构思。由于中心湖区跨越了两条街道,漫长的水岸线合理地利用场地的高差,与城市生活对话:湖区与河道的交界处,将水景设计成跌水;部分岸线采用自然驳岸,让景观更具亲水性;组织安排流线,连接不同高差的沙滩、广场、草坪、码头、步行道、全景公园、圆形剧场等场地,打造多层次的体验。

According to the overall plan and the conditions of the site, the team began the design of details. Crossing two roads, the lake park dialogues with the city life along the long shoreline: in the area where the lake and the river meet, waterscape was created in the form of cascade; natural revetments allow people to get close to water; a walking route connects the beach, square, lawn, wharf, footpath, park and amphitheatre, providing rich walking experiences.

▼河边步道与景观亭,Riverside Walk and Landscape Pavilion ©奥雅设计

▼景观亭细部,detail of the Landscape Pavilion ©奥雅设计

 

湖泊意味着什么
BESIDE THE LAKE – What does the lake mean

合肥本来没有海
但是这里有一片沙滩
市民们在湖边娱乐休憩
感受自然带来的惬意

Though there is no sea in Hefei
The beach by the lake
Allows people to relax themselves
And experience the nature

▼景观桥鸟瞰,aerial view of the landscape bridge ©图虫创意

对于一座城市而言,居住的舒适度在于环境所体现的人文关怀。设计在细节上将生态宜居的理念融入新区,使之建立起有别于老城区的城市面貌,从而成为现代居住文化的直观体现,同时构成城市旅游体系的重要组成部分。

The “comfort level” of a city depends on the humanistic care shown in its living environment. Therefore, L&A team integrated eco living idea into the detail design of the New District, shaping a new look that differs from old towns. It is an intuitive interpretation of modern living culture and an important part of the urban tourism system.

▼由湖畔看景观桥,Viewing the landscape bridge from the lake ©奥雅设计

 

生态优先 
Ecology First

在功能布局和生态处理上,设计因地制宜,结合十五里河水系走势,综合改造中心湖区和匡河生态水系。沿着景观路和绿化带,布置开放式排水系统,由小溪流、岩石群及本土植物等共同组成,兼具功能的实用和形式的美观。湖区西侧的叠水,则是匡河水系汇入湖区重要的关口。经过多轮调整,取消原有的上车行道,重新设计成景观步行通道,与瀑布水景成为一个景观整体。

The team arranged the functions and practiced the ecological design according to the site conditions. Along the 15 miles Kuang River and across the lake park run the landscape road and the green belt as well as an open drainage system formed of streams, rocks and native plants, which is both functional and beautiful. The cascade in the west is an important estuary where the Kuang River flows into the lake. After several adjustments, the original driveway was canceled. Instead, a walkway was designed to form an integral picture together with the waterfall.

▼湖区西侧的叠水远观,viewing the cascade from distance ©奥雅设计

▼小溪流、岩石群及本土植物共同组成湖区重要的关口,Streams, rocks, and native plants form important gateways in the lake ©奥雅设计

 

城市人本 
People-oriented Design

位于天鹅湖南岸的这片沙滩,如今成为了政务新区最热闹的景点。新生的城市倒映在水面上,为这座内陆城市带来了开放的海洋气息。而柔软的沙滩成为了人们游憩的平台,也成为了新一代合肥人的温暖记忆。

The beach on the south bank of the Swan Lake has become the most popular place in the New Municipal and Culture District. Modern buildings are reflected in water, bringing the inland city a breath of the sea. Soft beach is an ideal place for playing and relaxing, which is also a beautiful memory for the new generation.

▼天鹅湖南岸的沙滩,The beach on the south bank of the Swan Lake ©奥雅设计

▼新生的城市倒映在水面上,Modern buildings are reflected in water ©奥雅设计

 

让一切从无到有
SOMETHING FROM NOTHING

原来这里四周都是田野
除了林间的水泥公路
几乎没有现代的痕迹
变化正在从湖畔慢慢开始

Around the lake
Except some cement roads in the woods
There were all fields without any modern facilities
However, changes have gradually begun beside the lake

▼优美的自然生态景观,Beautiful natural ecological landscape ©奥雅设计

二十年前,天鹅湖原本所处的荷叶地,还是合肥盆地最普遍的农耕风光。2001年,合肥市宣布正式成立政务文化新区。2002年3月,新区建设指挥办公室即以当地农村的“蔬菜大棚”作为临时办公室,开启建设的第一步。 新时代的合肥,需要怎样的新区,怎样的中心湖区?这是当时建设者们最直接的困惑。

Twenty years ago, the Swan Lake was originally a lotus field, which is a typical farming landscape in Hefei Basin. In 2001, the government of Hefei announced the establishment the New Municipal and Culture District. And in March of 2002, the Construction Headquarters set up its temporary office in a “vegetable greenhouse” and began the overall construction of the district. What kind of new district and lake park might be suitable for new Hefei? It was the question that made the decision makers and designers confused most at that time.

▼亲水平台,Lakeside platform ©奥雅设计

▼湖畔步道与台阶,Lakeside walkway and steps ©奥雅设计

 

功能理念 
Functions

数公里之外,合肥老城保留着“城湖相拥”的格局,在原有的环城绿带基础上建成了带状敞开式公园,这些自然底蕴是合肥成为第一批国家园林城市的基础。为了保证设计方案的创意和合理性,团队做了大量扎实的基础工作。比如针对合肥过往的城市肌理和历史,团队考察了老城的逍遥津、包公园等公园案例。基于详细的调研,设计团队在宏观的构图上细致考究,在细节的尺度上也结合人本的理念。

Several miles away is the old Hefei city, which features “lakes in and around the city”. Open city parks were built based on the original green belts, making Hefei one of the first garden cities in China. To make sure the design was creative and reasonable, the team had made full preparation in advance. For example, the team visited Xiaoyaojin Park and Bao Zheng Memorial Park to well understand the urban context and the history of the city. Based on the investigation, the design team finally proposed a people-oriented plan with exquisite details.

▼湖区与周边建筑鸟瞰,bird’s eye view of the lake and surrounding buildings ©图虫创意

事实上,在找到奥雅之前,新区建设指挥办公室已经邀请过十余位规划、建筑、景观等领域的院士,咨询新区13平方公里的发展路径。之所以这么慎重,是因为在面临建设面积急剧增加、资金短缺等普遍问题时,新区采用了“经营城市”的理念,从发展旅游和环境建设入手,打造合肥对外开放的现代新形象。与众多传统的景观公司不同,奥雅本身携带着国际化的基因,同时满怀着热情的理想而来。创始人李宝章先生毕业于清华大学建筑系建筑学专业,并获加拿大温哥华不列颠哥伦比亚大学园境硕士。而团队中的其他成员,来自中国、美国、菲律宾等地,积累了丰富的设计经验。在时任政务新区建设指挥部规划处处长的眼中,李宝章先生是一个“非常接地气”的设计师:“面对短工期、本土化、国际视野的综合要求,他提供了非常具体、表达形式多样的图纸,这让我们豁然开朗,知道怎样才是真正的宜居和人本。”

Actually, for the development of the 13 s.q. km lake park, the construction headquarters had already consulted with more than ten experts in planning, architecture and landscape before contacting L&A Design. They were so careful because, in face of the increasing building area and the tight budget, the New District used the idea of “city management”, trying to make Hefei an open and modern city from the perspective of tourism development and environment building. Different from many traditional landscape companies, L&A design has an international background as well as the enthusiasm and ambition for design. Mr. Bo Li, the founder of L&A, graduated from the School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, and got his master’s degree in University of British Columbia. Other members of the team all came from China, the USA, the Philippines, etc, with rich design experience. In the opinion of the then director of the planning section, Mr. Bo Li was a “practical” designer. “In face of the tough requirements like short construction period, localization and international vision, he provided many practical and impressive drawings, which made everything all fall into place. Thus it suddenly dawned on us what was truly livable and people-oriented.”

▼湖面与建筑立面,Lake and building facades ©图虫创意

 

自然生长 
Growing Naturally

得益于开放的环境和热情的理想,新区建设始终保持着快速的节奏,设计师不断优化并细化设计方案,后期跟进调整施工图,确保理念和方案的完整落地。经过紧锣密鼓的建设,天鹅湖于2004年正式向市民开放。

Thanks to the open environment and enthusiastic ideal, the construction of the New District kept a fast pace. The designers constantly optimized and refined the design, and adjusted the construction drawings accordingly to make sure the implementation of the whole project. After intensive construction, the Swan Lake Park was finally opened to the public in 2004.

▼周围居民在天鹅湖游憩,citizens are relaxing themselves nearby the Swan Lake ©奥雅设计 / 图虫创意

在优美的生态环境的基础上,新区人气逐渐成熟,城市功能也更加完善,政务综合楼、奥体中心、合肥大剧院等政务文化设施相继建成,居民区、商业区开始有序开发。经过十余年的发展,当年的荒芜之地,业已成为合肥乃至安徽的新时代中央商务区。

Based on beautiful ecological environment, the New District gradually got its popularity and increasingly complete functions. The municipal and cultural facilities such as the administrative building, the Olympic sports center, the Grand Theatre of Hefei were built one after another. Residential areas and business districts were also developed one by one. After more than ten years of development, the desolate land has become the new CBD of Hefei or even Anhui.

▼新区人气逐渐成熟,城市功能也更加完善, the New District gradually got its popularity and increasingly complete functions ©图虫创意

 

合肥的,世界的
MODERN NOSTALGIA – Heifei & World

在传承中创新 
 在创新中走向繁荣
现代化的湖滨景观
与世界共同见证
一座未来之城的崛起

Innovate on tradition
Innovate for development
Modern lakeside park
Witness the rise of a future city
Together with the world

▼夜景,night view ©图虫创意

2019年国庆期间,合肥市举办了一场“合肥之心 祝福祖国”的灯光秀,天鹅湖周围的百栋高楼亮起主题彩灯,与湖面的倒影交相辉映。近6万人抵达湖区的南、北岸,观赏这场举国同庆的盛会。夜幕下,湖岸的景观格局清晰可见。实际上,自建成以来,天鹅湖多次成为重大活动的场地。这一切正符合当年建设指挥部的预期:让湖区成为合肥开放、现代的新窗口和新形象。

In 2019, Hefei held a light show to celebrate the National Day and convey “Best Wishes to the Country from Hefei”. Hundreds of high buildings around the Swan Lake were decorated with colored lights, which had a dialogue with the reflections in the lake. Nearly 60,000 people crowded in the park, enjoying the grand views together under the starry sky. The Swan Lake Park, since its completion, has already become the venue for many great events. It also acts as a new window that shows the opening and modernity of Hefei City as expected.

▼“I love HF”主题彩灯,”I Love HF” themed lights ©图虫创意

 

设计师说
DESIGNER’SVIEW

时隔多年,回首往事,可以说“那是一段非常好的时光”。在国内现代景观初萌的时期,面对如此大体量的建设项目,我们借助于国际化团队的优势,引入功能分析的角度,同时考虑实际的景观语言表达,让整个湖区具备了内在的逻辑和感染力。可以说,天鹅湖建设完成后,我们打开了公共空间设计领域的新篇章。当然,新区建设确实也受到一些制约,比如说工期短;其次是造价控制,因为新区的启动资金十分有限,需要自己造血;再是动态完善,当时的设计虽然已经基本完成,但是后续的功能补充,在实施的过程中一直处于弹性调整的过程。

Looking back many years later, we can say, “It was an amazing time.” In the early stage of modern landscape in China, for such a large-scale project, we took advantage of our international background and introduced the perspective of function analysis, to make the lake park well-organized and appealing with skillful landscape expression. It was after the completion of the construction of Swan Lake that we stepped in a new chapter of public space design. In fact, the construction of the New District was limited in terms of period and cost in construction. What’s more, the design was constantly adjusted according to functional requirements during the construction.

▼天鹅湖整体手绘意向图,Hand drawings of the Swan Lake  ©奥雅设计

从这个角度看,可以说天鹅湖处于“生长”的状态。就像是一个孩子,当他长大了以后,你有时会回想起他刚刚诞生时的趣闻,但他要走自己的路,有自己的人生。虽然在外表的样貌上不容易直观呈现,但是最初的印迹会隐藏在他的基因里,融入到城市的性格和气质之中。

From this perspective, Swan Lake is “growing” just like a kid. When grown up, sometimes he may look back on the anecdotes when he was born. But there is still a long way to go. Although not easy to find visually, some marks have already hidden in his genes and integrated into the style and atmosphere of the city.

▼天鹅湖局部手绘意向图,Hand drawings of the Swan Lake ©奥雅设计

▼天鹅湖手绘意向图,Hand drawings of the Swan Lake ©奥雅设计

对于奥雅而言,这种对于公共空间的重视和执着,后来也沉淀为发展过程中不变的基因。秉持“寻找中国现代景观”的初心,设计师们不仅在住宅景观领域传承创新,也在城市和公共空间层面不断探索前行,跟随着时代的浪潮不断完善、逐步成型,一路创造着更美好的人居环境。

As for L&A Design, the focus and the devotion to public space design has gradually penetrated into the unchanging genes during the process of development. Adhering to the philosophy of “exploring modern Chinese landscape”, the designers practice and innovate in both residential landscape and urban public spaces. And we will always keep up with the times and constantly optimize our design to create a better living environment.

▼亲水平台和景观岛平面图,Plan of the waterfront platform and the landscape island ©奥雅设计

▼南侧沙滩和观景平台平面图,Plan of the beach and landscape platform ©奥雅设计

▼天鹅湖岸线分析图,Swan Lake Shoreline Analysis ©奥雅设计

项目名称:合肥政务文化新区中心湖区
项目地点:安徽合肥
项目类型:市政公园
占地面积:350h㎡
业主单位:合肥政务文化新区建设指挥部
景观设计:奥雅设计 深圳公司
设计时间:2002年
竣工时间:2004年

采访 / Pauline Yuki 不定项 陈大橘
编辑 / 不定项
摄影 / 林涛 等
鸣谢 / 程前 张莉

Project: Hefei New Municipal and Culture District Swan Lake Park
Location: Hefei, Anhui
Category: City Park
Size: 350h㎡
Client: Hefei New Municipal and Culture District Construction Headquarters
Landscape Design: L&A Design (Shenzhen Office)
Year of Design: 2002
Year of Completion: 2004

Interviewer / Pauline Yuki WH Winks Chan
Editor / WH
Photography / Lin Tao, etc.
Acknowledgment / Cheng Qian, Zhang Li

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