对于没有来过夏威夷大岛的人来说，基地所处的环境可能会令他震惊。场地西侧是大面积的干旱平原，从Hualalai山缓缓向下，一直延伸到海岸线。黑色的火山碎岩上长满金色和绿色的野草，丝带般的Kiawe树点缀其间。收到在这里设计一座度假屋的委托后，Walker Warmer Architects决定要充分利用基地独特的自然景观。项目名为Hale Mau’u，在夏威夷语里，hale意味住宅，mau’u是一种当地野草的名字。
For anyone who has never visited Hawaii’s Big Island, it can be surprising to discover that a vast arid plain occupies a significant portion of its western side, sloping gently down from the Hualalai Mountain to the coastline. Tufts of golden-green grass spring from the crumbled bed of black lava rock, with lacy Kiawe trees scattered throughout. When Walker Warner Architects was asked to design a vacation home in this setting, the design team decided to fully embrace the quiet beauty of this unique landscape. The project was named Hale Mau’u. In Hawaiian, hale (pronounced ha-lay) means house, and mau’u is a type of native grass.
▼项目鸟瞰，aerial view of the project ©Matthew Millman
The 2.9-acre site had several innate qualities — such as its location at the end of a cul-de-sac and its long driveway approach — that allowed the team to create what architect Greg Warner refers to as “an illusion of isolation.” In his words, “This site is unique in its ability to capture the ocean view and mountain view simultaneously. Not all parcels get that. The arrangement of the 4,817-square-foot compound had to do three things: catch the mountain view, catch the ocean view, and then block the view of the neighboring houses.”
▼建筑外观，隐蔽于自然之中，external view of the buildings hidden in the nature ©Matthew Millman
From overhead, the site strategy is clear. A single raised boardwalk, floating respectfully above the ground, forms a linear axis pointing towards the mountains on one side and the ocean on the other. This pathway runs through a grassy courtyard, and around three sides of this central space the long, low hales are loosely clustered, like a village. On the fourth side of the courtyard lies the swimming pool, with a view of the ocean beyond, and the island of Maui rising up on the horizon.
▼项目顶视，房屋围绕中央庭院布置，top view of the project, houses clustered around the central courtyard ©Matthew Millman
▼室外步道，outdoor pathway ©Matthew Millman
▼中央庭院，central courtyard ©Matthew Millman
▼游泳池，swimming pool ©Matthew Millman
▼室外休闲平台，outdoor leisure platform ©Matthew Millman
According to Warner, the clients made it clear from the beginning what they really wanted: “A house like no other. Resort community architecture tends to fall back on a commonality of building types, but these clients wanted something very unique.” With this open attitude, they bought in immediately to the idea that a home on the dry side of Hawaii could provide circulation between rooms entirely on the outside, using covered walkways that wrap around each of the individual structures. The first building you encounter is the main hale (2,318 square feet), which contains the shared spaces: living room, kitchen, and family room. Passing through this building you arrive at the courtyard, and flanking the courtyard on both sides are the living quarters: on one side, a single hale for the grand bedroom suite (995 square feet), on the other, a long hale with a row of additional bedroom suites for family and guests (1,504 square feet). Each bedroom opens directly onto the central lawn. Each of the en suite bathrooms has its own shower (five in all), and uniquely, not a single shower is indoors.
▼主屋，两侧的门可以完全打开，main house, the doors and the two sides could be fully open ©Matthew Millman
▼从主屋看向室外自然景观，view to the landscape from the main house ©Matthew Millman
▼带有室外喷淋的独特浴室，unique bathroom with outdoor shower ©Matthew Millman
All of the main rooms, including the bedrooms, are equipped with large barn doors, so that when fully opened there is little distinction between inside and out. The living room has this feature on both sides, allowing the landscape to sweep through the house from the mountains down to the sea. These doors were fabricated with gapped boards, so that when they are closed for privacy or shade, fresh air and light can still filter through. When lit from inside at night, the open gaps give the buildings a resemblance to warm glowing lanterns.
▼谷仓门上带有缺口，关闭后阳光可以照入室内，barn door composed of gapped boards, sunlight can filter in with the doors are closed ©Matthew Millman
▼谷仓门细部，details of the barn door ©Matthew Millman
Perhaps the most striking and original visual element of the project is the roofs, which are long gables with eaves designed to be narrow at one end of the building but wide at the other, carefully oriented to provide extra shade where it is most needed. The roof cladding material is copper with standing seams, but laid up in random widths. This technique converts the appearance from something fairly common and utilitarian, to something intriguing and vaguely organic, which Warner describes as being similar in texture to the trunk of a coconut palm.
▼屋檐下的空间，space under the eaves ©Matthew Millman
If the goal was “a house like no other,” then by every measure, Hale Mau’u is a success. Its extraordinary natural surroundings, its novel approach to site design, and its remarkable custom detailing all add up to a one-of-a-kind island retreat. Both unique, and uniquely Hawaiian.
▼夜景，night view ©Matthew Millman
▼夜晚的建筑如同闪烁的灯笼，buildings in the night are like glimmering lanterns ©Matthew Millman
Architecture: Walker Warner Architects
Principal: Greg Warner
Senior Project Manager: Thomas Clapper
Architectural Staff: Dan Baciuska, Matthew Yungert, Boyce Postma and Darcy Arioli
Landscape: David Y. Tamura Associates
Builder: Metzler Contracting Co. LLC
Lighting Design: Anna Kondolf Lighting Design
Structural Engineering: GFDS Engineers
Mechanical Engineering: Hakalau Engineering, LLC
Electrical Engineering: Morikawa & Associates, LLC
Civil Engineering: Aina Engineers Inc.
Geotechnical Engineering: Geolabs, Inc
Photography: Matthew Millman
Siding: Bald cypress, stained grey
Exterior walls: Board-formed concrete, custom coral and graphite finishes
Decking: Ipe, clear stain
Roof: Copper standing seam roofing
Soffits: Bald cypress, clear stain
Steel doors: Painted steel doors and windows, by Jada Windows
Sliding wood screens and shutters: Slatted bald cypress, stained grey, by Northstar Woodworks
Exterior doors: Bald cypress, stained grey, by Northstar Woodworks
Supporting columns: Painted architectural exposed steel
Flooring: Polished concrete topping slab, custom graphite finish
Interior walls: Plaster, custom color
Ceiling: Bald cypress, clear stain
Casework: Oak, stained grey
Countertops: Concrete, custom finish
Plumbing fixtures: Satin nickel, by Watermark
Wood products supplied by Arc Wood & Timbers and finished by Jitner Painting