Ten years ago, the Architectural Society of China organized and invited the most excellent architects team in China to focus on designed ten projects of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture from the various reconstructed workings after the earthquake happened at Yushu on April 14th, and the target of Huahui Design team led by the general architect Mr. Zhou Kai was to design the Gesar Square located at the center of Gyegu. The architect was restraining in the design to this project with special meaning in many ways and the square should be integrated with the natural environment, regional culture and construction mode.
▼鸟瞰，aerial view ©魏刚
建筑与自然环境 | Building and Natural Environment
▼模型照片，project model ©周恺
▼规划设计，design concept ©HHDesign
Qinghai Province locates at the west of Chine as one of the most important provinces of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau-the “roof of the world”. The mountain ranges in the province are high, and the terrain is various with vertical and horizontal rivers, scattered lakes over the provinces, which extremely is the original and natural style and features. People always have “great beautiful” praise to Qinghai. The average elevation of Yushu is over 4200m, which is one of the cities with most lands not to be developed in large scale in domestic. There are three mountains around this city and the river water flow down from the gap between mountains to form the city as a confluence. The simple and unadorned style and feature of Yushu with powerful feeling is caused by the natural environment on this land over thousands and millions years.
▼从广场北侧看格萨尔王雕像，view to the King Gesar Status from the square ©魏刚
▼从广场北侧看规划展览馆、档案馆北侧外景，north elevation of the King Gesar Culture Exhibition Building and the Archive ©魏刚
▼规划展览馆入口外景，entrance facade of the Exhibition Building ©章宁
Under such natural environment, the only works that architects could finish are to weaken the buildings as the supporting part to retain such original and deep style and feature as possible. Thus the architect divides the building into two parts, in which in the middle of square is the elevated King Gesar Status and the King Gesar Culture Exhibition Building as one central point; on the south of square, a long bar-type building locates as the functional buildings to be a side boundary. The project is formed in one point and one line, simply and powerfully. Except the foundation support under the Status, there is hardly any gingerbread on the building to make the crude feeling in overall. The building and status are more magnificent in the mountains to be integrated in the natural environment with forming the overwhelming feeling of “great beautiful”.
▼建筑呈现出“粗拙”之感，与周围环境融为一体，the building shows a crude feeling and is integrated to its surroundings ©魏刚
▼从广场北侧看规划展览馆、档案馆之间的通道，the passage between the Planning Museum and the Archive ©章宁
▼从西南角规划展览馆、档案馆外景，view to the Planning Museum and the Archive from southwest ©章宁
建筑与地域文化 | Building and Regional Culture
King Gesar is a proud national hero and spiritual belief of the Tibetan people. Before the earthquake, the local habitants constructed the original King Gesar Square in memory of him to use for turningscripture and other religious activities. After the earthquake, the square was destroyed and the status of King Gesar on horse was protected. In order to restore the spiritual ballast of local inhabitants, and respect the local religious culture activities, the architects believed that, the buildings should be a supporting part in front of the Status in new design.
▼朝神山和格萨尔王雕像打开的广场，the square opens to the sacred mountain ©魏刚
▼坛城概念示意，the “Mandala” concept ©HHDesign
The King Gesar Status is elevated on the original location from original angle to be placed on the double layers of square foundation support nearly 7m high as the “height point” of vision and feeling. Under the foundation support is the King Gesar Culture Exhibition Building and the steps surrounding are arranged circle out. The group of this building is the absolute center of the square by virtue of the “Mandala” in the Buddhism, which shows the peace and serene, good luck and happiness. The complete and gently circumambulation is formed around the building so that the Tibetan could turn scripture easily.
▼格萨尔王雕像成为视觉与精神的“高点”，The King Gesar Status is elevated on the original location as the “height point” of vision and feeling ©魏刚
建筑与精神场所 | Building and Spiritual Place
There are many magical phenomenons in Tibetan area such as the light rays; and any streak of light appeared obliviously shine somewhere through the clouds that seems the gods of heaven guide the people on the world, which is extremely shocking. Thus the architect pays attention to use the light rays in design.
In the buildings group on the south of square, the architect reduces the height of main entrance and opens a seam in 60 centimeters wide and 16 meters long on the upper of entrance hall to. People feel dark even though entering into the building, but the upper seam brings the extremely strong daylight into the building, which not only is the guidance to the activities direction, but also is to form a strong mental feeling to people. Walking along with the daylight, people could open the drawn-up doorway at the end of hall, which is over against the King Gesar Status. Even though people watch the back of status, the hall is completely bright with strong visual effect and people could feel to rise to the space of god from human. Such utilization to the daylight shows many times in buildings.
▼规划展览馆入口外景，entrance to the Planning Museum ©章宁
▼从规划展览馆入口内看格萨尔王雕像，view to the status from the entrance ©章宁
建筑与地方建造 | Buildings and Local Construction
▼倾斜的墙体，the inclined walls ©魏刚
Due to that the economic technologies in Yushu area lag behind relatively, and the project also is the reconstruction item so that any feasible and economic and durable construction method found is vital to the success of the project. The building is constructed by the reinforced concrete structure and the Tibetan inhabitants inspire the architect greatly in decorative surface. The materials are derived from the mountains around Yushu and large stones could be cut into the flagstone by slight processing. And those processed flaky stones are “piled” up like the huge “Marnyi Stone Piles” without the scriptures writing. The workers piling up the stones are local Tibetan with using their method to pile like building own house. Such simple and effective method not only ensures the later construction and completion effect but also forms an integrated natural feeling with the color of mountain.
▼墙体细部，wall details ©魏刚
▼窗户细部，opening details ©魏刚
▼广场上的藏民，local residents on the square ©章宁
▼格萨尔王广场总平面图，site plan of the Gesar Square ©HHDesign
▼格萨尔王文化展示馆首层平面图，ground floor plan of the King Gesar Culture Exhibition Building ©HHDesign
▼规划展览馆首层平面图，ground floor plan of the Planning Museum ©HHDesign
▼档案馆首层平面图，ground floor plan of the Archive ©HHDesign