通过将45000平方米的多功能空间和一个独特的钢架结构置入历史悠久的仓库，鹿特丹获得了一座大胆且具有标志性的建筑：Fenix I。最初的Fenix仓库是为荷美邮轮公司在1922年建造，现已被重新开发和改造为用途广泛的综合体，其中包括由Codarts马戏艺术学校、Conny Janssen Danst舞团和Rotjeknor马戏团共同组成的Cultuur Cluster文化集群。
With 45,000 m2 of mixed-use program and a unique steel table construction that is built right through the existing monumental warehouse, Rotterdam has gained a bold and iconic building: Fenix I. The original Fenix warehouse, built in 1922 for the Holland America Line, has been redeveloped and renovated for an extensive mixed-use program, including the Cultuur Cluster, formed by Codarts Circus Arts School, Conny Janssen Danst and Circus Rotjeknor.
▼项目概览，overview ©Marc Goodwin
▼Fenix I综合体外观，Fenix I exterior view ©Ossip
分断与融合 | Segmentation and fusion
▼体量设计示意，concept volume ©Mei architects and planners
▼体量剖面示意，section diagram ©Mei architects and planners
The design for Fenix I was aimed to merge old and new, instead of to create contrast. The primary principle of the design was therefore to connect the building and its immediate surroundings. For that reason, it was decided to heighten the building on the Rijnhaven side (9 layers on top of the warehouse) to match the size and scale of the buildings around the Rijnhaven. On the Veerlaan side, the new building volume was limited to four layers, in keeping with the lower surrounding buildings of Katendrecht.
▼朝向Rijnhaven港口一侧的立面加高了9层，the building on the Rijnhaven side was heightened by 9 layers ©Marc Goodwin
▼朝向Veerlaan街道一侧的立面被限制在4层的高度，on the Veerlaan side, the new building volume was limited to four layers ©Ossip
▼立面局部，facade partial view ©Marc Goodwin
缪斯框架 | The muse frame
▼阳台的底面是设计的一个关键部位，an important aspect of the design is the sixth facade, this being the bottom side of the balconies ©Marc Goodwin
▼入口立面，entrance facade ©Marc Goodwin
An important aspect of the design is the sixth facade, this being the bottom side of the balconies. In the new housing volume, the consoles of the balconies have been executed with great attention and finesse. Their appearance is referring back to the Fenix warehouse. The balustrades of the balconies, which surround the entire building, are made of sandwiched glass and so-called “muse frames”: repetitive industrial steel frame elements, that invite you to lean on it and daydream, and which fit the character and the use of the port. In total no less than 516 muse frames were added to the facade.
▼立面细节，facade detailed view ©Marc Goodwin
Fenix走廊 | The Fenix passage
The Fenix passage is a new inner street, 40 meters long, that runs right through the building and connects the city side (Veerlaan) with the quay. This street is perhaps one of the most exciting spaces in Fenix, which best expresses the energy and kinetic intensity of the building’s past and present and exposes the different layers of time.
▼Fenix走廊，The Fenix passage ©Ossip
庭院 | Courtyard
▼剖面透视图，sectional perspective ©Mei architects and planners
The inner area of the closed building block contrasts with the surroundings and is an oasis of tranquility. A deliberate choice was made to open up the gallery to stimulate contact between residents. The tranquility is emphasized by the gallery in white concrete, combined with a warm wooden facade, which changes from dark on the top, to light on the bottom floors. The design of the railings incorporates flower boxes as an integral part, from which climbing plants grow along the galleries.
▼庭院立面，courtyard facades ©Ossip
▼庭院和屋顶花园，courtyard and roof garden ©Marc Goodwin
▼色彩由下至上逐渐变深的木质外墙 ©Marc Goodwin
the wooden facade changes from dark on the top to light on the bottom floors
Fenix阁楼公寓 | Fenix Lofts
▼仓库顶部的住宅体量包含212间阁楼公寓，the residential volume on top of the warehouse comprises 212 lofts ©Ossip
▼结构示意，structural detail diagram ©Mei architects and planners
The residential volume on top of the warehouse comprises 212 lofts. In the interlayer, these apartments have a clear height of 4m. The impressive space frame structure of the steel table construction is unmistakably part of the apartment. The lofts in the interlayer have a harmonica facade on the Rijnhaven side and a private outdoor space opening out onto the courtyard area.
▼公寓内部，loft interior view ©Marc Goodwin ©Ossip
Fenix Docks仓库 | Fenix Docks
▼朝向码头的立面，the facade facing the quay ©Ossip
The existing warehouse, Fenix Docks, has a mixed-use purpose. Part of the warehouse was rebuilt to provide for an efficient public parking garage with 270 parking spaces. Along the quay, there are 5 quay houses, each with 2 floors with a height of 6m. These apartments have a free lay-out, are fitted with original loading doors and can be accessed directly from the Rijnhaven quay.
▼侧面入口，entrance in the lateral facade ©Marc Goodwin
Fenix Docks还容纳了三个著名的文化机构：Conny Janssen Danst舞团、Codarts马戏艺术学校和Rotjeknor青少年马戏团，并共同组成了一个Culture Cluster文化集群。巧妙的设计兼顾了空间的公共性和私密性。各个组织和用户可以在多种场所进行随机会议，同时又能保证隐私。门厅就是这样一个公共空间，透过玻璃墙可以直接看见Codarts马戏艺术学校的训练教室。从建筑南侧的Fenixplein也可以直接进入门厅并通往文化集群中的“码头”和“艺术”区域。
▼Culture Cluster文化集群室内空间，Culture Cluster interior view ©Marc Goodwin
In addition, Fenix Docks offers room to three well-known cultural institutions, which together form the Culture Cluster: Conny Janssen Danst, Codarts Circus School and youth Circus Rotjeknor. The result is a smart design with both communal and private spaces. Spontaneous meetings between the various organisations and users take place at various places, but there is also sufficient privacy. The foyer is such a communal meeting place, with a glass wall that provides a glimpse into the Codarts training room. The foyer is accessible from the Fenixplein on the south side of the building and gives access to the ‘docks’ and the ‘arts’ parts of the Culture Cluster.
▼Rotjeknor青少年马戏团室内，Circus Rotjeknor interior view ©Ossip
千吨钢材 | A kiloton of steel
©Mei architects and planners
The technical challenge of Fenix I is most evident in its construction. By placing an immense steel table construction, weighing approximately one kiloton (1 million kg), running it through the existing warehouse and giving it a separate foundation, the monumental warehouse could be largely preserved. Moreover, a considerable volume of living space could be added, which was technically kept completely separate from the warehouse.
The new foundation of the table was carefully inserted in between the warehouse’s existing foundation blocks. The steel structure was fully welded in the works, which is a very exceptional method in the Netherlands.
▼码头视角，view from the quay ©Ossip
可持续性 | Sustainability
Sustainability is an integral part of Fenix I, starting with maximum reuse of the existing building. The new building is future-proof and adaptable due to the extra storey height and can be flexibly partitioned because of a main supporting structure consisting of disc columns instead of walls and the central circular installation ring.
▼可持续性示意，diagram ©Mei architects and planners
▼阳台，balcony ©Marc Goodwin
The building volume and the facades have been optimised to allow daylight to enter the courtyard and the apartments. The glass facades offering prime views, are made of high-performance solar control glazing. Combined with the exterior sunshades and the balconies, solar heat entering the building is blocked and the need for cooling is reduced. The roof gardens and vertical green courtyard facades stimulate a healthy, comfortable and nature-inclusive living environment. They filter particulates from the air and the green roofs collect rainwater which can be reused.
▼建筑夜景，night view ©Marc Goodwin