* The EKATO-METER CAFETERIA is named in honor of the Greek’s First Olympics, εκατό = 100.
A SOCCER VILLAGE
营盘村在秦岭深处，传说是诸葛亮六出祁山屯兵之处，至今尚存遗迹。这个海拔1500米的小山村，炊烟袅袅，恍若世外桃源。陕西留坝县，人口不足五万，却连续出了几个现役青少年国脚。营盘村就是这些少年驰骋之地：村口一溜排列着四个标准足球场。而几百米之外，则是一个滑雪场。营盘村也因此成为大山里的运动小镇，开始营建足球和滑雪学校。 STUDIO QI需要完成的第一个任务，就是为小镇设计一个可以同时容纳四五百人就餐的「学生食堂」。
The EKATO-METER CAFETERIA is located in LIUBA, a beautiful valley in the QINLING mountain region. With a history of over 2,000 years, Liuba was once home of the most well-known General Liang Zhang from Han Dynasty and later become one of the battlefields during the Three Kingdoms. It has surprisingly also grown to become a popular place of soccer programs for kids and young adults, with which STUDIO QI has been associated with the planning and architectural design for the new soccer village, consisting programs such as a local school from K-9, athletes’ dormitory, and various public spaces to support the undertakings of sports scene in the historical heritage site.
▼秦岭中的留坝营盘村，aerial view to the Liuba valley in the Qinling mountain
A 133-METER CAFETERIA
The Cafeteria was one of the first public structures designed and built for the soccer town. The location was picked from where once was horse stables, an extremely narrow and linear site sitting against the hill front.
▼百米食堂 – 百米分析图，elevation and sections
The cafeteria unfolds its frontal elevation to a length of 133 meters; in contrast, the short facade displays an image of a local house with pitched roof. The cafeteria is designed to accommodate up to 400 people to dine together, soccer trainees, athletes, coaches and families.
▼长达133米的食堂利用了马厩既有的长度，the length of 133 meter takes advantage of the scale of the original stable
▼百米食堂夜景，main facade by night
▼百米食堂日景，facade view in the morning
▼百米食堂分析图，analysis: elevation and sections
百米房间 & 百米空间
ARCHITECTURAL SPACE & ARCHITECTURAL ROOMS
▼百米食堂一层平面图，ground level plan
▼百米食堂剖面图 – 百米房间 vs.百米空间，section: the ROOMS and The SPACE
To combine or to sparse, it’s a challenge when dealing with the extremity of the building form. By stretching the rectangular form to the boundaries of the site, the design strategy is to emphasis the characteristic of linearity to all extends. The cafeteria is divided in the long side into two halves, the SPACE and the ROOMS. The SPACE refers to the single continuous and main dining area that vanishes end to end of the gable walls; while, the rest of the programs such as kitchen, serving and private dining rooms are tucked within the back linear zone of the ROOMS. Together, the SPACE and the ROOMS with their distinct spatial features, assist the smooth procession of the daily dining routine, especially when young athletes rush into the cafeteria after hours of training.
Outside the Ekato-meter Cafeteria, young athletes have the opportunity to hang out at the triangular-shaped steps. The steps are the extension of the topography of the hill, and connects with the parallel corridor underneath the eave.
Five entrances are equally distributed along the front façade. The arch-shaped doors and color coated glass windows bring vivacity to the space. The gable roof is covered with black lightweight steel sheet, translating vernacular tiles into the subtle modern architectural language.
▼“百米空间”就餐区，dining area in “The Space”
HUNDRED-FAMILY BANQUET: STREET AND HOME
▼“大房子里的小房子”，small house in big house
▼百米食堂 – 延伸的餐席，the extended banquet
The “Hundred-Family Banquet” festival of China is listed as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage, a phenomena where everyone in the village lines up tables in the alleyways and dines together to celebrate Chinese holidays. Such cultural phenomena is also referred and pictured within the Ekatometer Cafeteria. The dining tables are set end to end in the continuous space, spanning the entire length of the building. Memories of Chinese “Hundred-Family Banquet” are portrayed as everyone sits alined and enjoys the meals with laughters.
▼屋脊勾勒出尖顶小屋的“家”的模样，the gable roof is designed asymmetrically in section recalling the shape of a house and engage the feelings like home
A row of skylight windows is introduced to the SPACE, referencing the line of daylight shining through the street. The windows let in the natural light during the day and cast warm light from inside out back to the village in the evening. The street becomes a house after the roof is added. The gable roof is designed asymmetrically in section, as the ridge and skylight windows become visible in the main dining area. Young athletes, thus, can easily recall the shape of a house and engage the feelings like home.
▼百米天窗引来明亮的自然光线，the skylights bring warm light in
▼百米天窗，the long row of skylight
▼小运动员们在百米食堂就餐时，young athletes dining in the cafeteria
▼小足球队员们和百米食堂，the young soccer players at the square of in front of the cafeteria
▼灯火通明的百米食堂，the cafeteria glowing at night
▼夜空下的百米食堂，the cafeteria by night
The Ekatometer Cafeteria challenges the stereotype of a typical Chinese institutional cafeteria to be massive and alienated. The architecture captures the disproportional characters of site dimensions and turning such difficulties into a reading of vernacular buildings; representations of acquaintance, intimacy, and pleasure of the village and home are thus revealed again. The Ekatometer Cafeteria opens both to the residents of the village and all visitors. Just as the “Hundred-Family Banquet”, this cafeteria shall be a place for each and every one.
▼秦岭里的百米食堂，the cafeteria in the mountainscape
项目名称：百米食堂 EKATO-METER CAFETERIA
设计方：STUDIO QI 建筑事务所 STUDIO QI
项目设计 & 完成年份：2018.08-2019.06
主持建筑师：戚山山 Architect in Lead: Shanshan Qi
设计团队：朱颖、黄丹琳 Design Team: Ying Zhu, Danlin Huang
项目地址：中国陕西省汉中市留坝县营盘村 Yingpan Village, LIUBA, Hanzhong, Shannxi Province, China
建筑面积：1365 平方米 1365 square meters
摄影版权：吴清山 Qingshan Wu
施工图单位：中科院建筑设计研究院有限公司 Structural Engineering：ADCAS