In January 2018, the first time going to the Jianshe Town to visit the site, we drived from the green road into the Xiangpan highway. On one side of the road is the old factory area which contained Datong Sand Foundry Factory, Datong Supply and Marketing Cooperative, Garment Factory and Datong Hotel. The site of this project is located in the old garment factory. These buildings were built in the 1960s and 1970s which are a legacy of the planned economy era.
▼项目鸟瞰，arial view ©朱海
▼文化活动中心外观，Cultural Activity Center ©朱海
▼改造前航拍，original site aerial view ©空间里
Today, Chongming Island is working on transferring to a world-class ecological island, and industrial production has long since withdrawn from history. The garment factory area has become a warehouse for building materials stores. It looks deserted and depressed, which seems to be a fringe area forgotten by the development of the times.
When the industrial production left here, the building stopped beating, along with gradually dilapidated and decayed. The illegal buildings and wild plants grew savagely, covering and obstructing the original appearance of the building. When I stand in the workshop inside the factory, it seems like I saw the busy work scene from old time, as if I was looking at black and white photos from the last century. I wondered if the old people living around site were working here when they were young, maybe they have youthful memories here as well.
▼改造前的场地和建筑，the original site and building ©空间里
As a community cultural activity center open to villagers, while meeting the space function requirements in the task book, i hoped that this will become a park open to the neighborhood, where villagers can gather, sports, fitness, cultural activities, leisure and entertainment, and become a part of normal daily routine.
The old building contains the information of that era, which means the sense of time. With the depth of surveying and mapping work, the construction of structure, components, and materials has gradually become clear. At the same time, design strategies have begun to be considered.
▼改造后航拍，current site aerial view ©朱海
The design could not erase the memory of the past in a completely new form, but using compatible design methods to make the information of the times contained in the architecture to be read again, and reactivate architecture functions and community activities through reconstruction and expansion, so as to rejuvenate the street Vigor and vitality.
▼改造步骤分析动图，renovation process gif. ©空间里
The first step: cleaning up illegal buildings and sites; restoring the basic layout of the factory buildings, which reproduce the style of the factory.
The second step: demolishing the dilapidated house, according to the design area index, forming new construction and expansion design based on the characteristics of the original building.
Step 3: Extending the roof to form a corridor space; opening up the long facade of the building, transforming the interior into a transition space to connect various venues; designing the central venue into a park, and integrating with small squares, badminton court, basketball court, providing space for fitness activities for villagers.
▼在中央广场看建筑，view to the building from the central yard ©朱海
▼檐廊，corridor space ©朱海
▼过廊，the transition space ©朱海
It changed a lot compared with original architecture space, since the original structure has certain safety hazards, the original structure needs to be rebuilt and reinforced. The reconstruction and reinforcement project is like an orthopedic operation of a building. Before construction, the load is fully unloaded and related structures are demolished. Most of the buildings only retained the main structure, such as the brick columns, wall limbs, gables and roof trusses. Columns were constructed to increase the structural integrity, and then new walls, roofs, and bricks were built. “Bone, flesh, and skin” of the architecture was almost reassembled.
▼拆除后现场和屋顶施工现场，the site after demolishment & the roof floor under construction ©空间里
The large roof is the main design element of this project. The indoor area of the building is about 1,200㎡, and the area of eaves and corridors is about 560㎡. Following the roof slope of the original building, the eaves are formed. The oblique cutting of the eaves makes it change from high to low, and the space of the eaves changes from narrow to wide. This change makes the space under eaves from the walking space scale gradually becomes a rest space. The form of the roof and the resulting space under the eaves, shading, rain-proofing, and viewing. As long as these three conditions are met, the semi-outdoor space will make people’s activities rich in freedom, and the large roof also seems to give the architecture a “low-brimmed hat”, which hides the “face” of the architecture and the activities of people under the “hat”.
▼大屋顶像是给建筑戴上一顶“低檐帽”，the large roof seems to give the architecture a “low-brimmed hat” ©朱海
▼大屋顶下檐廊空间，corridor space covered by the large roof ©朱海
The roof tiles used foreign tiles that were dismantled from the original building, and some old tiles were purchased from other places. These seemingly old tiles have been exposed to the sun and rain for decades, and they will be interlaced mottles after being paved again.
▼屋面细节，roof details ©朱海
The exterior walls of the facade use old brick skins. The recycled old red bricks have a sense of age and industry. The uneven brick wall surface produces subtle light and dark levels with the change of natural light, presenting rich and delicate expressions
▼砖皮墙，the brick-skinned wall ©空间里
▼柱廊，the colonnade ©朱海
I designed to cut openings in the large roof, and the cut roof is bent downward to form a small double-pitched roof, so that a pocket patio courtyard is created under the large roof. The light falls into the courtyard, and the scenery also enters the nearby indoor space. The courtyards facing the central square have different scales. There are five small courtyards interspersed in the four buildings. In addition, there are three roof openings on the side facing the central square as equipment rooms for placing air conditioners. This design method is inspired by the self-mansion of Bawa’s 33rd Street in Colombo. Small-scale courtyards are interspersed in the Architecture to extend the landscape to the interior and increase the level of the relationship between interior and exterior.
▼大屋顶下的天井庭院，the patio space integrated with the large roof ©朱海
In the interior space of the same structure as the building, window opening and light are the main topics of the design. Various types of window opening and lighting methods have been designed to correspond to the activity needs of the space. Billiards room, library, dance room, rehearsal room and other rooms with high light requirements, I hope they can be used even without artificial lights during the day. Although there are windows on the facade of the building, the transparent and bright rendering of the room is mainly based on the light entering from the skylights and high windows, the grille designed under the skylight, the skylight is refracted by the grille, and the white interior space Even diffuse reflection.
▼台球室，billiards room ©朱海
▼文艺排练室，rehearsal room ©朱海
▼卡拉OK室，karaoke room ©朱海
In the main exhibition hall of the exhibition room, in order for people to watch the exhibition in a quiet and concentrating environment, only the skylight of the patio provides light. The grille under the skylight blocks part of the direct light, and at the same time, the refraction of the grille allows the light to be evenly diffused and reflected in the patio and then gently fall into the exhibition hall, creating a quiet atmosphere.
Light is the eternal theme of architecture. Although the use of strong light and shadow contrast can make the space sculptural and have more visual impact, I personally think that most situations are not suitable for the climatic environment of South. I do not deliberately pursue the artistic effect of light and shadow. It is hoped that natural light will be used to create an appropriate space atmosphere and enrich the experience of people’s activities.
▼展览室，exhibition hall ©空间里
While opening windows on the building facade satisfies the ventilation function, it is mainly hoped to positively influence people’s behavior through the design of window openings. I hope that people indoors and outdoors can interact positively and have a better view indoors by designing tea room and library. Therefore, a large area of openable windows is designed to make the sight and air as transparent as possible. Chess and card rooms, interest classrooms, multi-functional lecture halls, etc., rooms with relatively strong privacy are all designed with windows on the facade facing the corridor.
▼多功能报告厅，multi-function hall ©朱海
▼茶话室，tea room ©朱海
▼弧形矮墙，the curved low wall ©朱海
On the day of the completion of the shooting, when I saw the little girl climb up the curved low wall step by step, at that moment I realized that its life had been restarted here. Looking back at the process of design and construction, combined with the immediate scene, the relationship between the site, function, material, light, nature, and atmosphere considered in the design, and the harmonious beauty of form and function sought, will eventually be transformed into daily life scenes.
▼区位图，location map ©空间里
Complete project information
Project Name: Chongming Construction Town Datong Community Cultural Activity Center
Design company: Ku Kan Nai Architectural Design Office
Leading architects: Wang Shaorong, Wang Yin
Design team: Zhang Yue, Tang Sujing, Ji Saihui
Project Manager: Wang Yin, Zhu Jialei
Structural design: Tonggu structure
Mechanical and electrical design: Zhuzong Group
Project Party A: Shanghai Chongming District Culture and Tourism Bureau
Construction unit: Shanghai Yingfa Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
Project location: No. 30, Xiangpan Road, Jianshe Town, Chongming District, Shanghai
Design content: architecture, interior and landscape design
Design period: 2018.01-2020.06
Construction period: October 2018-June 2020
Land area: 4780㎡
Building area: 1488㎡
Photography: Zhu Hai Photography Studio