A mosque, unlike most religious places, has purposes that was more than just a place of worship for Muslims, oftentimes, it took shape as a community center, meeting place, even for some developing country, a recreational space. Bioclimatic Community Mosque aims to address the fundamental issues of designing a mosque by distancing itself from the current architectural discussions based on form and focusing solely on the essence of religious space.
▼建筑外观，appearance © William Sutanto
Situated in the middle of young demographic community, Masjid Darul Ulum Pamulang were designed to be very low maintenance and self-sufficient as the extremely unfriendly environment where direct heat and high humidity were very dominant. Bioclimatic design was an obvious direction to adopt that utilizes it’s extreme lumen from solar energy as 12 hours natural lighting toward the bulks of the mosque and other related environmental resources to provide indoor and outdoor human thermal comfort, such as detailed technique for cross ventilation (inlet-outlet variation, usage of roster, side and top shaded opening for stack effects).
▼交叉通风技术，technique for cross ventilation © RAD+ar
As an effort to reduce cost for community mosque and increasing efficiency, architects decided to replace 95% of what were supposed to be brick partition and replaced it with more than 30.000 pieces of accustomed roster block ( that provides lights and wind tunnel while maintaining privacy) that were manually manufactured by the local community for the community.
▼镂空砌块分析，roster blocks diagram © RAD+ar
Design replace the iconic Islamic dome (which mostly a quintessential characteristic of mosques) with a plate of active greenroof to cool down top most plates and to reduce enormous urban heat island contributed to the surrounding environment. Basic geometric-volumetric approach as the sunken massing (to harness lower temperature) stacked on top of another, this allowed many level of wind speed variation crossing the building that provides total shade and extreme temperature and air pressure differences that ensure 24 hours cross ventilation & thermal chimney effect.
▼碟状节能屋顶，a plate of greenroof © William Sutanto
▼体块堆叠，利于形成烟囱效应，blocks stacking，help produce chimney effect © William Sutanto
▼立面采用镂空砌块，facade using roster blocks © William Sutanto
With a capacity to accommodate approximately 1,000 people, the mosque is also designed to blend with nature and local culture. As the interior space were basically a shaded outdoor space, wind speed were varies, this was found to be quite effective to tackle the problem of large gathering indoor during airborne pandemic such Covid-19 that happened recently.
▼信徒进入祷告室前洗大净，Muslims wash before they enter the prayer room © William Sutanto
▼祷告室入口门厅，镂空砌块透光且保护隐私，entrance hall of the prayer room，roster blocks are transparency and privacy © William Sutanto
▼祷告室，prayer room © William Sutanto
▼二层祷告室，天窗利于拔风，prayer room on the second floor，skylights are good for ventilation © William Sutanto
This were viewed as a movement to redefining Islamic spaces in postmodern context and needs based on accustomed necessity.
▼夜景，night view © William Sutanto
▼一层平面图，first floor plan © RAD+ar
▼二层平面图，second floor plan © RAD+ar
▼剖透视，perspective section © RAD+ar
▼节点构造，node construction © RAD+ar
Project Name: Bioclimatic Community Mosque of Pamulang
Architecture Firm: RAD+ar (Research Artistic Design + architecture)
Contact e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
Firm Location: Jakarta , Indonesia Completion Year: 2020
Gross Built Area: 1200 sqm
Project location: Pamulang, Tanggerang Selatan, Indonesia
Lead Architects: Antonius Richard
Lead Architects e-mail: Antoniusrichard@radarchitecture.net ;firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo credits: William Sutanto
Photographer’s website: www.artipictures.com
Photographer’s e-mail: email@example.com
Design Team: Partogi Pandiangan, Leviandri, Howard Benaya, Felda Zakri, Daniel Soesanto
Clients: Yayasan Sasmita Jaya / Dr.H. Darsono
Engineering: PT Kaliabang Jaya Pratama
Consultants: PT Kaliabang Jaya Pratama
Collaborators: Handri Winata