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Located at the southwest of Guizhou Province, the Bapan is an ancient village of Buyi minority people, started in Ming Dynasty and presently a grade A poverty village according to national standard. This project is specifically targeted to support the poor and to rescue the distinguishing local traditional houses. Many of those houses are deserted and need to be revitalized.
▼远望，house in a mountain village
改造前 | Before renovation
The old house of this project has a history of 40 years, and it is dilapidated due to its disrepair. With the development of local economy, the young people in the village have built reinforced concrete buildings around the old houses, only a few old people still live in the old houses.
▼破旧的传统木屋和低矮的半室外牛栏空间，dilapidated traditional timber house with the lower semi-outdoor space for livestock
▼主楼层和阁楼层的净高非常有限，用来悬挂古法造纸的竹竿横架于正屋上方两阁楼之间（左），黑暗而封闭的室内空间（右），indoor space with very limited headroom on both main floor and attic level, the overhanging bamboo poles are originally for ancient paper making and adapted as a bridge across the main space afterwards (left), indoor space with very limited natural light (right)
Many of those houses are deserted and to be revitalized. A positive dialogue between the old and the new concrete houses in the village is needed to be set up urgently. After the renovation, the new house will become not only the spiritual centre of the village but also serves as a window for those to understand the ancient village, and a platform for the dialogue between the locals and outsiders.
改造后 | After renovation
From a distance, “Bapan Yard No.2” seems to be an island between rice fields, and with its own spirit. As the newly build houses nearby are made of reinforced concrete structure, we introduce concrete as a material that relates the context. A concrete platform rises partially as a new base where the old timber structure sits on. As a result the internal space gains 800mm in height.
▼混凝土景观平台局部向上，形成低矮的底座，老屋木结构坐落其上，a concrete platform rises partially as a new base where the old timber structure sits on
▼新的混凝土基座成为可供人户外小坐的窗台，the new concrete base as the enlarged window sill can provide outdoor seating for daily activities
▼被涂成红色的书窗，the Window of Book that is painted in red
The idea is to open three big windows for the initially dark, enclosed and inward-looking space, while preserving the style of traditional Puyi residence. The ‘Window of Stars’ opens to the sky. The ‘Window of Tea’enjoys the green bamboo forest beyond. And the ‘the Window of Book’observes people around. The interior and exterior join together and the connection leads to the surrounding nature. The main entrance, the Window of Book, and walls near kitchen are painted in red that represents a local tradition.
▼星窗，window of Star
▼茶窗：引入窗外翠绿的凤尾竹林景致，窗前为大型茶桌，桌面由拆下的旧木料和旧门板组合而成，window of Tea to the left to frame the view of green bamboo forest beyond. Old timber door planks are dismantled, and reused to make the giant tea table
▼书窗：标志性的大阶梯作为存放书籍的储物空间，同时可作为阶梯状座位为支教或“故事会”等活动提供场所，window of Book: the children’s reading area where bookshelves are designed as grand steps is used for story-telling and group teaching
▼改建后的主入口被涂以红色以体现传统，混凝土基座“窗台”伸入室内，the main entrance painted in red that represents a local tradition, the concrete window sill extends into the interior space for art work displaying
Old timber and wooden door board are used for a big tea table. Local textile is cleverly mixed with furniture design. The old bamboo sticks, device of ancient paper making, are symbolically kept and become a bamboo bridge to the two attics.
▼原有的古法造纸竹架成为连接两阁楼的小桥，the old bamboo sticks, device of ancient paper making, are symbolically kept and become a bamboo bridge to the two attics
▼客房内部，interior view of the guest room
▼窗外的稻田和凤尾竹林，rice fields and plants outside the window
Local vegetation is planted on the rooftop of guestrooms which are for guest to have a rest to reduce the solar heat and to keep the indoor environment comfortable. After the renovation, ‘Bapan Yard No.2’has a better name, ‘Buyi Feng Ya Song’, the building will not only serve as a village cultural center, showcase and promote Buyi culture and tradition, but also a platform for the dialogue between the locals and outsiders.
▼后院夜景：右下角亮灯处为由牛栏层改建而成的半室外儿童沙坑区，其两面被稻田环抱，night view of backyard: we lifted the timber structure by 800mm by inserting a concrete base underneath to create a shaded sandpit playground surrounded by paddy fields for kids to study and play
▼2号院外观夜景，night view of the Bapan Yard No.2
This is a small project, yet a very big one at the same time because of its social meanings. In China, there are countless types of vernacular houses around the whole country throughout the history, which shape our cultural diversity and regional identity. However, in the last 10 years, while the economy grows rapidly, more and more easy-to-build universal concrete buildings, which is lack of differentiation and characters, occupy the once picturesque countryside. The harmony between nature and manmade is severely damaged.
The architects strive to respect and rescue the traditional value, trying to find an approach to revitalize it within the contemporary social and physical context. This is the first project of a series of Bapan poverty alleviation projects. Despite the limitation of local construction conditions and tight budget we try to explore a possibility that how a traditional architecture can be modernized yet preserving and revitalizing the local culture. It may be a huge amount of work and a long way to go. But if the idea disseminates, it will make a big difference.
▼区位图，the location map
▼剖面图A-A, section A-A
▼剖面图B-B, section B-B
建筑：丁梅；李午亭；室内：张雯雯 李辉 张戈
Location: Bapan village, Wan Feng Lake town, Anlong County, GuiZhou province
Client: Guizhou Kapok Hotel Management co., LTD
Design: Studio A+
Leader Designer: Min Wang
Architecture: Mei Ding, Wuting Li; Interior: Wenwen Zhang, Hui Li, Ge Zhang
Constructor: Guizhou Baoli Culture Relics The Lachlan Macqarice co., LTD
Design Period: 2017.08-2018.01
Construction Period: 2017.10-2018.07
Site Area: 511㎡
Floor Area: 279㎡
Storey: 2 Storey
Structure : Timber structure with concrete base
Photoed by: Su Chen
Brands / Products used in the projrct: Most of the building materials are local materials: wood, metal plate, bamboo, etc. Furniture and soft decoration: QM