▼项目与周边环境鸟瞰，aerial view of the project and surrounding environment © Nguyen TienThanh
70% of Vietnam’s population now lives mainly on agricultural production in rural areas; however, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the past 20 years has resulted in a loss of millions of hectares of agricultural land, leaving nearly three million workers unemployed. In the meantime, the country’s population has increased by more than 15 million people, which results in a high housing demand. This has then entailed massive waves of construction and sprawl land encroachments in rural areas and from other vulnerable communities. As a result, the living environment and natural habitat in these areas have been seriously contaminated and impaired, thus gradually disrupting the relationship between Humans and Humans and between Humans and Nature in the context of increasingly severe climate change.
▼日益恶化的环境现状，The deteriorating environmental situation © H&P Architects
As such, the aim of the project is to build a house which helps promote Agriculture and at the same time create jobs for local residents. The proposed house is like a cube of earth cut out from a field. Inside this cube are many nooks of the nest connected to a section of field at the top roof.
▼项目概览，overall of the project © Nguyen TienThanh
Named as AgriNesture (Agriculture + Nesture), the house consists of two main parts: Frame and Cover which can be used in many different vulnerable areas such as rural areas, flooded areas, and resettlementor low income areas. Clusters of these houses are arranged in a variety of ways, creating a peaceful area of populations characterized with a Space for All. AgriNesture can also be used as a Home for All in the service of Education, Health, Community, etc.
▼以本项目为模板单元组成的社区，Clusters of these houses are arranged in a variety of ways © H&P Architects
▼灵活的建筑形式与生态友好型社区，Flexible building form and eco-friendly community © H&P Architects
▼结构与覆层分析图，diagram of the structure and the covering © H&P Architects
The reinforced two – storeyframe (including foundation, columns, floor, roof, stairs) are made of reinforced concrete which costs VND 150 million (equivalent to USD 6,500). In case of the extension of used area, available empty spaces can be used or the third storey can be built up into a three-storey house. The Cover (including walls, doors, partitions) will be completed in accordance with different regions with friendly materials available in localities such as vines, rammed earth, bricks, etc. The house roof is a place for Agriculture where a system of water rain collection and utilization as well as re-use of water is paid special attention.
▼底层空间概览，overall of the ground floor © Nguyen TienThanh
▼通透且明亮的生活空间，Transparent and bright living space © Nguyen TienThanh
▼客厅，living room © Nguyen TienThanh
▼开放式厨房，open kitchen © Nguyen TienThanh
▼二层通高的中庭空间，Double height atrium space © Nguyen TienThanh
▼通往二层的爬梯，the ladder leading to the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh
Users will directly participate in the process of building the house and they will actively divide the spaces subject to their own needs. In addition, they are also the ones to produce the cover materials appropriate with their local conditions. In this sense, the building process will help create jobs and shape Homes which promote Agriculture development and bring about ecological balance as well as economic stability for the population in vulnerable areas.
▼二层空间概览，overall of the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh
▼天窗与室内花池，Skylight and indoor flower pool © Nguyen TienThanh
▼由二层看通高中庭，viewing the atrium on the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh
▼通高空间细部，detail of the double-height space © Nguyen TienThanh
▼天窗与悬吊盆栽植物细部，detail of the skylight and the plants © Nguyen TienThanh
AgriNesture will be, therefore, a place of convergence, interaction, and adaptation of various local contrasts (natural vs. man-made, residence vs. agriculture, individuals vs. communities, etc.), thus enabling it to be not only a Physical space but also a truly Human place.
▼楼梯细部，details of the staircase © Nguyen TienThanh
▼夜景，night view © Nguyen TienThanh
▼轴测分析图，axonometric drawing © H&P Architects
▼雨水收集管理分析图，analyze diagram © H&P Architects
▼平面图，plans © H&P Architects
▼立面图，elevations © H&P Architects
▼剖面图，sections © H&P Architects
Architect: H&P Architects
Location: Mao Khe Town, QuangNinh Province, Vietnam
Design team: Doan Thanh Ha , Tran Ngoc Phuong, Nguyen Hai Hue, Trinh Thi Thanh Huyen, Nguyen Duc Anh, Ho Manh Cuong.
Construction area: 49 m2
Total floor area: 75 m2
Completed: January 2018
Photographer: Nguyen TienThanh