AGRINESTURE by H&P Architects

Architecture that promotes agricultural development and creates employment opportunities

Project Specs

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目前在越南,70%的人口主要生活在农村地区,以农业生产为生。然而,在过去20年里,快速的工业化和城市化造成了数百万公顷农业土地的破坏,导致近300万人失业。与此同时,1500多万的新增人口加剧了人们对住房的需求。大规模的建设浪潮与农用土地侵占致使原本就脆弱的社区环境更加脆弱不堪。在气候变化日益严重的背景下,这些地区的生存环境与自然栖息地受到严重污染和破坏,人与自然的关系也因此逐渐失衡。

▼项目与周边环境鸟瞰,aerial view of the project and surrounding environment © Nguyen TienThanh

70% of Vietnam’s population now lives mainly on agricultural production in rural areas; however, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the past 20 years has resulted in a loss of millions of hectares of agricultural land, leaving nearly three million workers unemployed. In the meantime, the country’s population has increased by more than 15 million people, which results in a high housing demand. This has then entailed massive waves of construction and sprawl land encroachments in rural areas and from other vulnerable communities. As a result, the living environment and natural habitat in these areas have been seriously contaminated and impaired, thus gradually disrupting the relationship between Humans and Humans and between Humans and Nature in the context of increasingly severe climate change.

▼日益恶化的环境现状,The deteriorating environmental situation © H&P Architects

因此,本项目旨在开创一种有助于促进农业发展,同时为当地居民创造就业机会的建筑。整个住宅体量就如同一块刚从地里挖出来的土块。在这个立方体之中,鸟巢一般的角落空间与屋顶的种植花园连成一片。

As such, the aim of the project is to build a house which helps promote Agriculture and at the same time create jobs for local residents. The proposed house is like a cube of earth cut out from a field. Inside this cube are many nooks of the nest connected to a section of field at the top roof.

▼项目概览,overall of the project © Nguyen TienThanh

▼住宅立面,facade of the house © Nguyen TienThanh

▼建筑外观细部,detail of the exterior © Nguyen TienThanh

该住宅被命名为AgriNesture(农业+巢穴),由混凝土框架与覆盖层两个主要部分组成。这种结构能够良好地适应不同地域环境,与当地脆弱的生态相兼容,如:农村地区、洪涝地区以及重新安置的低收入地区。设计师的愿景是以本项目为模板单元,将相同的住宅以各种方式组合在一起,形成街区,为人们创造出一个和平共处的生活环境,在这里,每位居民都拥有自己的空间,享受平等的居住权利。同时,AGRINESTURE住宅还可以作为社区之家,为当地的教育、卫生、社区服务等作出贡献。

Named as AgriNesture (Agriculture + Nesture), the house consists of two main parts: Frame and Cover which can be used in many different vulnerable areas such as rural areas, flooded areas, and resettlementor low income areas. Clusters of these houses are arranged in a variety of ways, creating a peaceful area of populations characterized with a Space for All. AgriNesture can also be used as a Home for All in the service of Education, Health, Community, etc.

▼以本项目为模板单元组成的社区,Clusters of these houses are arranged in a variety of ways © H&P Architects

▼灵活的建筑形式与生态友好型社区,Flexible building form and eco-friendly community © H&P Architects

住宅共有两个楼层,其框架结构(包括地基、柱子、地板、屋顶、楼梯)由钢筋混凝土制成,造价仅为1.5亿越南盾(相当于6500美元)。当居住者希望将住宅使用面积扩大时,可以自行发掘空间的潜力,或者在现有的结构上加建新的楼层。覆盖层,包括:墙体、门,以及室内隔墙,将根据不同地区的情况,采用当地生产的环境友好型材料,如:藤蔓、夯土、砖等。屋顶采用了种植屋面体系,可以用于农业生产。此外,屋顶的设计还特别重视了雨水的收集与再利用。

▼结构与覆层分析图,diagram of the structure and the covering © H&P Architects

The reinforced two – storeyframe (including foundation, columns, floor, roof, stairs) are made of reinforced concrete which costs VND 150 million (equivalent to USD 6,500). In case of the extension of used area, available empty spaces can be used or the third storey can be built up into a three-storey house. The Cover (including walls, doors, partitions) will be completed in accordance with different regions with friendly materials available in localities such as vines, rammed earth, bricks, etc. The house roof is a place for Agriculture where a system of water rain collection and utilization as well as re-use of water is paid special attention.

▼底层空间概览,overall of the ground floor © Nguyen TienThanh

▼通透且明亮的生活空间,Transparent and bright living space © Nguyen TienThanh

▼客厅,living room © Nguyen TienThanh

▼开放式厨房,open kitchen © Nguyen TienThanh

▼二层通高的中庭空间,Double height atrium space © Nguyen TienThanh

▼通往二层的爬梯,the ladder leading to the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh

使用者将直接参与建造房屋的过程,他们将根据自己的需求自行划分室内空间,同时他们也是生产这些因地制宜的建筑材料的劳动者。从这个角度来讲,项目的建造过程将有助于创造就业机会,帮助当地人民塑造家园,促进农业发展,为脆弱地区的人口带来生态平衡和经济稳定。

Users will directly participate in the process of building the house and they will actively divide the spaces subject to their own needs. In addition, they are also the ones to produce the cover materials appropriate with their local conditions. In this sense, the building process will help create jobs and shape Homes which promote Agriculture development and bring about ecological balance as well as economic stability for the population in vulnerable areas.

▼二层空间概览,overall of the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh

▼天窗与室内花池,Skylight and indoor flower pool © Nguyen TienThanh

▼由二层看通高中庭,viewing the atrium on the upper floor © Nguyen TienThanh

▼通高空间细部,detail of the double-height space © Nguyen TienThanh

▼天窗与悬吊盆栽植物细部,detail of the skylight and the plants © Nguyen TienThanh

因此,AGRINESTURE住宅将成为人们聚集与互动的场所,并以极高的地域适应性平衡当地自然与人造、住宅与农业、个人与社区的关系。它不仅仅是物理空间,更是真正意义上的人居空间。

AgriNesture will be, therefore, a place of convergence, interaction, and adaptation of various local contrasts (natural vs. man-made, residence vs. agriculture, individuals vs. communities, etc.), thus enabling it to be not only a Physical space but also a truly Human place.

▼楼梯细部,details of the staircase © Nguyen TienThanh

▼夜景,night view © Nguyen TienThanh

▼轴测分析图,axonometric drawing © H&P Architects

▼雨水收集管理分析图,analyze diagram © H&P Architects

▼平面图,plans © H&P Architects

▼立面图,elevations © H&P Architects

▼剖面图,sections © H&P Architects

Architect: H&P Architects
Website: http://www.hpa.vn/
Location: Mao Khe Town, QuangNinh Province, Vietnam
Design team: Doan Thanh Ha , Tran Ngoc Phuong, Nguyen Hai Hue, Trinh Thi Thanh Huyen, Nguyen Duc Anh, Ho Manh Cuong.
Construction area: 49 m2
Total floor area: 75 m2
Completed: January 2018
Photographer: Nguyen TienThanh

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