Zhaojun Museum locates 9 kilometers to the south Hohhot and 20 kilometers to Hohhot Baita International Airport. Meanwhile, it closely neighbors 209 National Highway at the east side and stands next to Inner Mongolia Garden at the north side. The museum covers an area of 205 mu. In 2014, after recommendation and comparison, Inner Mongolia has confirmed 14 tourist attractions, and Zhaojun Museum has been selected. Besides, as the celebration project of 2017 Hohhot 70th anniversary ceremony, the museum was completed in August, 2017.
After repeated verification and comparisons, the new site of Zhaojun Museum was eventually selected to locate at the starting point of Zhaojun Green Tomb south axis. On one hand, in order to promote the whole scenic spot to upgrade to 5A level, this new site has bestowed more functions upon the museum, such as ticket office, visitors’ center, catering service, souvenir shop and parking lot and so on. On the other hand, since the massive architecture is set at the origin of paved path and the south front of scenic spot, it will reform the site to create a new axis, and then be connected to the Zhaojun Aotsuka – built 2000 years ago in time and space.
Reappearance and Recreation
According to the archaeological researches, Zhaojun Aotsuka was built in Han Dynasty 2000 years ago and rammed with earth. It infers that there once existed a wooden-structured pavilion on it. After years of endurance, it has been destroyed completely, the height of current Zhaojun Aotsuka is around 31 meters. The new museum intends to pay tribute to Zhaojun Aotsuka by representing construction statue and emotion.
▼落日下的建筑，architecture in the dusk
Traversing and Gathering
The interestingness of public behavior is decided by the diversity and interactivity of people. The large funnel-wedge-shaped sunken plaza on the southern side of the museum is designed to gather visitors to the park’s entrance space compulsively to a certain extend. It also intends to create more possibilities for interactivity. The massing of the museum makes way for the central axis, allowing the Zhaojun Aotsuka to be visible from the outside, and even from the city road. As people pass through the axis, the image of the Zhaojun Aotsuka varies from visible to invisible, from disappeared to exposed, which creates interactions with people.
▼园区入口处设计了巨大的漏斗形楔状下沉广场，the large funnel-wedge-shaped sunken plaza is placed at the entrance
Function and Space
The exhibition theme of the eastern massing is based on Zhaojun’s life story. The inner atrium is circular in geometry, where the horizontal curved ramp and walkway creates a relaxing atmosphere.White, the main color of the ramp and walkway, places the material to the secondary position, while allowing the pure geometric beauty of the curved ramp and staircase to be the main subject of this space.On the other hand, the exhibition theme of the western massing is based on the xiongnu’s history. Thus the inner atrium is geometrically vertical and rectangular. The rammed-earth wall extends from the floor to the bottom of the skylight, which is divided to several triangular parts by dense ribs. Toughness and heaviness become the theme of this space. Passing through the skylight, those triangular light patches flow gently with the sunshine on the wall, just like the fragments of history scatter in the flow of time. The bridges and ramps in those atriums, which were designed according to each spatial form, connect the exhibition halls both horizontally and vertically. It not only increases the accessibility of each space, but also relates the exhibition halls with the public atrium space much more closely.
▼曲线的楼梯创造纯粹几何美感，the pure geometric beauty of the curved stairs
▼水平的曲线坡道和走廊营造出舒缓的气质，the horizontal curved ramp and walkway creates a relaxing atmosphere
Synergy and difference
The modernity of contemporary craftsmanship is often frivolous, high-profile and weightless, which does not fit the original intention of the new museum and the huge mound conceived by us. Therefore, we adopt a different approach from the classic language of modern architecture, and let the material be the main body of the space by the means of less artificial. Concrete shows Gelling character as well as clay, which interests us. There is a story in rammed earth formed by decades. Relying on years of concrete research, we aware of the concrete will show the same characteristics by mold and retarder. At the same time, we show contemporary technology by not fixing slab joints. In the project, we used glued bamboo as “wood”, not only because of the material’s recyclability and wood appearance, but also because it is superior to the mechanical properties of wood. Large canopy is completely formed by the structure, which performs a better tensile property of the glued bamboo. We did not use the traditional method of wooden joint in node design, but use of metal corner and rigid fastening method. We express our respect for traditional wood craft through not revealing much metal nodes, and this is an approaching tempt to contemporary technics.
The interior scene and the external environment
The interior material logic still extends the outdoor “earth and wood” feelings, compared with the relatively low-key architectural exterior, the interior design of architecture reflects the yearning for contemporary technology performance. We put forward the concept of “room scene” of public space that is forming different space “Scene” in the same space at different angles, as the different steps of Chinese Gardens. The continuous ramp in the sun has become the most powerful skill for our control of space, as well as the visiting streamline and guidance of the people. The “positive and negative” triangular window at the axis of the building penetrates the axis landscape of the scenic spot, and gives an interesting “picture frame”, it will connect the building interior and exterior together. Compared with the two huge building mound, we design a broader environment: The continuous epidermis of a triangle is formed by grass planting and imitation of rammed concrete surface, constructing the micro terrain ups and downs, spreading the control of the building over the wider earth.
▼室内外空间过渡，the transition of the exterior and interior space
▼三角形的连续表皮建构了起伏不定的微观地形，the continuous epidermis of a triangle constructing the micro terrain ups and downs
▼一层平面图，the first floor plan
▼二层平面图，the second floor plan
▼地下一层平面图，the basement floor plan
▼屋顶平面图，the roof plan
建筑设计：曹晓昕 詹红 尚蓉 梁力 宋涛 詹红 范佳|结构设计：余蕾、李季、董越、刘会军|机电设备：安岩、车爱晶、李京沙、屠欣、王莉、吴磊|总图：连荔、朱秀丽、张蓉|景观：刘环、刘卓君|智能化：任亚武