In the history of Sichuan and Chongqing, the culture of the Three Kingdoms seems to be a dazzling pearl. Among the many ancient heroes, Zhang Fei has a high popularity. Thousands of years ago, Zhang Fei was killed by his soldiers, and his head was retrieved by fishermen in Yunyang, where became the location of Zhang Fei Temple. Thousands of years later, Yuandao Architecture completed this project with respect for history and culture, and through the power of design, the culture of the Three Kingdoms was reproduced in modern times.
▼项目外观，external view of the project ©罗文彬
Zhangfei Temple Folk Custom Street is one of the key projects of Yunyang County, Chongqing, China. It is located on Nanbin Road on the south bank of Yunyang County. It covers an area of 59,000 square meters and has a total construction area of more than 30,000 square meters. Panshi City is only 3km away, 80km away from Yunyang Longgang Scenic Area, and across the river from Yunyang County. The south end of the Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge is on the east, and the parking lot of Zhangfei Temple Scenic Area is on the west, occupying an important position in Yunyang’s regional tourism strategy. It has become an important node connecting various scenic spots.
▼总平面图，master plan ©源道建筑
The main style of the block is the culture of the Three Kingdoms and the architectural features of ancient houses in eastern Sichuan. It is composed of traditional cultural elements such as folk custom street, gate tower, stage, watchtower, city wall and so on. Through this project, the cultural atmosphere and commercial value of Zhangfei Temple Scenic Area and Yunyang International Tourism Zone can be comprehensively improved, and this can be used as a basis to attract more tourists, and at the same time provide Yunyang residents with cultural leisure and entertainment place.
▼项目鸟瞰，aerial view of the project ©雪尔空间摄影
This project is positioned to imitate ancient buildings for commercial tourism and vacation, rather than high-capacity commercial projects in the city. After the project is completed, we hope to create a leisure space for people, and at the same time make the project a tourist resort adjacent to the city .
▼沿街外观，仿古建筑形式，street view of the project imitating ancient forms ©雪尔空间摄影
Zhangfeimiao Style Street uses the city wall as the interface. The part of the city wall that imitates the ancient building is one and two floors. Its main function is for leisure and business. The inside of the city wall has two floors, of which the bottom floor is for commercial paving, garages and equipment rooms along the street, and the second floor is for commercial inner streets.
▼城墙，上设仿古建筑，city wall with pseudo-classic buildings on the top ©雪尔空间摄影
We believe that the construction of this project is not only limited to the category of a folk street, but also combined with the main scenic area of Zhangfei Temple, the project will be built as a new tourist attraction to fully attract local residents and foreign tourists, becoming cultural, dining, scenery, leisure and sightseeing tourist area. In terms of architectural space and style, our idea is that the space should be of a pleasant small scale, the style should mainly imitate ancient buildings, and the level of architectural expression should be a subordinate building of Zhangfei Temple, not overwhelming.
▼城墙顶的风情街，小尺度建筑和空间，folk street on the top of the city wall composed of small scaled buildings and spaces ©雪尔空间摄影
首先，我们通过抬升建筑正负零标高，把民俗风情街整体提升6 ~ 9米 ，有效地消化张飞路入口与民俗风情街之间的相对高差，使可达性更便捷、高效，也使街区更开阔的观景视野。其次，利用提升部分，打造成古城墙的风貌，使项目整体形象更具标识性。城墙是中国文化的一种传统基因，应用到本项目中也是对中国传统文化的敬畏。通过查阅大量资料得知，我国现存较为完整的古城墙平均高度为9 ~ 1 3 m， 而本项目从空间尺度上考虑，对城墙高度进行了弱化，采用3 ~ 6 m的高度。城墙内部空间为两层 ，可作为车库及商业使用，解决停车位的同时又减少土石方开挖。
First of all, by raising the overall Folk Custom Street by 6 to 9 meters, we can effectively digest the relative height difference between the entrance of Zhangfei Road and the Folk Custom Street, making it more convenient and efficient, and giving the block a wider view of the scenery. Secondly, we used the lifting part to create the style of the ancient city wall, making the overall image of the project more iconic. The city wall is a traditional gene of Chinese culture, and when applied to this project, it is also a respect for Chinese traditional culture. Through consulting a large amount of data, it is known that the average height of the existing relatively complete ancient city walls in my country is 9 ~ 13 m. Considering the spatial scale, this project has weakened the height of the city wall and adopted a height of 3 ~ 6 m. The inner space of the city wall is two-story, which can be used as a garage and commercial use to solve the parking space and reduce the excavation of earth and stone.
▼城墙近景，closer view to the city wall ©雪尔空间摄影
The traffic is divided between people and vehicles, making the Folk Custom Street a pure pedestrian space, like a paradise. The flow of people and vehicles are organized hierarchically in different vertical spaces. They are independent and ingeniously connected, forming a self-contained system without interfering with each other. In the future, Nanbin Road will become the main road leading to Longgang Scenic Area. The traffic volume is large and the speed is fast. We set up crosswalks at specific traffic nodes on Binjiang Road to make pedestrians safer to pass between Binjiang Park and commercial streets.
▼从街道通往城墙上方，entrance to the top of the city wall from the street ©罗文彬
▼商业街鸟瞰，aerial view of the commercial street ©罗文彬
On the commercial traffic line, the Folk Custom Street sets up a main strolling line, and arranges a number of square nodes along the main traffic line, and is equipped with a sunken plaza to connect with the lower commerce. Design a traffic core on Zhangfei Road, linking the main lines of communication. In terms of architectural style design, the simplicity is simple, and the complexity is complex, integrating the culture of the Three Kingdoms and the ancient architectural elements of Yunyang.
▼沿主动线布置的建筑，buildings spreading along the main traffic line ©雪尔空间摄影
The most essential beauty of Chinese ancient buildings is reflected in the structural form. The building is divided into upper and lower parts. The base part of the lower city wall adopts the traditional reinforced concrete structure, and the upper ancient building adopts the glulam structure. After completion, the scale of the structure is reasonable, which perfectly presents the soul of antique architecture. The project has also become the country’s largest group of ancient buildings mimicking wooden structures.
▼城墙上的仿古建筑外观，external view of the pseudo-classic buildings on the city wall ©雪尔空间摄影
▼木结构近景，closer view to the wooden structure ©雪尔空间摄影
Our building of the street creates a scale suitable for people, making people feel the atmosphere of leisure and relaxation, just like crossing a long river of history, being in a paradise, away from the hustle and bustle of the city, making people linger.
▼宜人的街道尺度，street in human scale ©雪尔空间摄影
In the folk custom street, small boutique inns are scattered and arranged by the courtyards placed in the street to meet the special accommodation requirements of families, small groups, and friends, and also to drive better popularity for the entire project.
City Wall Gate Tower
The Chinese people have a city wall complex in their hearts. The use of the elevated part to build the ancient city wall makes the overall image of the project more iconic and evokes people’s memories of the old city. In the long and narrow area in the middle of the area, it is designed as the Zhang Fei Deeds Corridor, which sinks to the Nanbin Road. It effectively connects the east and west parts of the project, and also facilitates the flow of people from Nanbin Road into the Zhang Fei Deeds Corridor. The Fei Cultural Corridor Museum exhibits historical materials related to Zhang Fei.
▼门楼外观，external view of the Gate Tower ©雪尔空间摄影
In the long and narrow area in the middle of the area, it is designed as the Zhang Fei Deeds Corridor, which sinks to the Nanbin Road. It effectively connects the east and west parts of the project, and also facilitates the flow of people from Nanbin Road into the Zhang Fei Deeds Corridor. The Fei Cultural Corridor Museum exhibits historical materials related to Zhang Fei.
▼文化长廊，cultural corridor ©雪尔空间摄影
The section of Building Information Modeling section
Through Building Information Modeling（BIM） technology, all model components of the project are strictly controlled by parameters, and can be freely changed with parameters on the premise of conforming to engineering practices. The model contains all component data, and relevant information can be extracted at any time, such as walls, doors and windows, structural frames, structural floors, structural columns, and displayed in the form of tables to facilitate data statistics, cost budgets, cost control, and effective Improve engineering efficiency.
▼分解轴测图，exploded axonometric ©源道建筑
By establishing a BIM model, the construction drawings can be drawn out by using the BIM model to export two-dimensional drawings, and the delivery of design results is highly matched with the BIM model. BIM adopts efficient collaborative design to reduce errors, omissions and collisions and improve the quality of drawings. The model components and the construction drawings are in one-to-one correspondence, and they can be obtained when they are truly visible.
▼建筑结构分层展示，structure analysis by layers ©源道建筑
Traditional Chinese architecture is a combination of scientific, technological, cultural knowledge and art, as well as a carrier of history and culture, and the wisdom of common people’s lives. To protect ancient buildings is to preserve the cultural context of the city and preserve the invisible fine traditions of historical and cultural cities. The folk-custom street of Zhangfei Temple completed by Yuandao Architecture, listening to traditional cultural language, based on the context of contemporary life, revitalizes the millennium historical and cultural district, and also allows the millennium Three Kingdoms culture to reproduce contemporary life, so that the cultural inheritance can be continuous and national Memories are endless.
▼客栈立面图，guest house elevation ©源道建筑
▼门楼立面图，gate tower elevation ©源道建筑
▼门楼剖面图，gate tower section ©源道建筑
Project Name: Zhangfei Temple Folk Custom Street
Design: Chongqing Yuandao Architecture
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Design & Completion Year: 2016＆2021
Leader Designer & Team: Lanjing, Zhuliang, Lijuan, Dengzhiwen, Guoxinglin, Zhangzuofang, Yangrenli, Liuqian, Jiangdong, Laizhisheng, Mayao, Tianchuxing, Zhoujian, Zhangyong, Dinghao, Muweijie, Liulixin, Yanhongyan, Zhangjian, Sundawei, Gongqishu, Tangxiaoxiao, Yueshenhong
Project Location: Nanbin Road, Nan’an, Yunyang County, Chongqing, China
Gross Built Area: About 30000
Photo Credits: XUEER，Luowenbin
Clients: Yunyang County Urban Development Investment (Group) Co., Ltd.