What kind of architecture could contribute to rural revival of modernity? Such a subject has been attracting the attention of designers of the EVOLUTION DESIGN.
▼树下院鸟瞰图，aerial view ©史云峰
▼张家庄村，Zhangjiazhuang Village ©史云峰
In Zhangjiazhuang village, Jugezhuang town, Miyun district, Beijing, we started with the Red Fruit Tree and the Small Tavern, trying the traditional way of modern architecture with two “two and a half yards” (each covering an area of about 166 square meters). The Yard under The Tree is also a part of the village’s revitalization plan. Located on the other side of the village, it has a larger area, and its future mission is a four-room boutique homestay, which can be self-occupied or for business. We hope to try different design languages to present a unique aesthetic experience for Zhangjiazhuang village with differentiated design.
▼张家庄村轴测图，Zhangjiazhuang Village axon ©空间进化
▼树下院轴测图，Yard under The Tree axon ©空间进化
The name of the project, Yard under The Tree, comes from the site environment. Surrounded by trees and vegetable fields, the yard has the advantageous natural beauty. Therefore, the new architectures are designed to embrace the hills and trees that surround the site, bath in natural sunlight, and contain a rich spatial experience.
▼树下院，Yard under The Tree ©史云峰
The original old building is the core of the whole courtyard. Due to uninhabited and disrepair, the structure of the old house is not stable, the wood is corroded, the space is depressed and the interior is grey, which is not in line with the current aesthetic and quality of life. However, the original features of the building are quite distinctive: wooden window frames, brick walls and tiled roofs are all symbols of the memory of local dwellings. We have carefully restored and preserved it, preserving the traces of history; At the same time, to ensure safety, we added steel structure to the interior of the old house to reinforce, the whole house replaced waterproof and roof tiles.
▼下庭院立面，exterior view from the lower courtyard ©史云峰
▼下庭院的室外餐厅，outdoor dining area ©史云峰
The old house serves as the dining area of the new courtyard, and the internal roof structure is preserved and reinforced, which naturally becomes a kind of decoration, reminding visitors that all food here is bred from the nature of heaven and earth. Indoor furniture and implement also match with it, wood emphasizes the plain elegance of the space again with natural color and lustre.
▼老房子改成的餐厅，the old house serves as the dining area of the new courtyard ©史云峰
▼用作公区的老房子，the old house is used as communal area ©史云峰
▼老房子的石墙，stone wall of the old building ©史云峰
With a long history of agricultural development, nostalgia for Chinese people often manifests as a passion for original artistic quality, and it is materialized into concrete symbols such as traditional houses and materials. The traditional construction methods and materials are rich in artistic and cultural value, but limited in comfort and safety, they call for both protection and restoration. In this project, the former house becomes the nucleus of the design, around which a series of modern architectures spread out. All the traditional elements act as the symbols of the local and ethnic culture and identities.
▼下庭院，the lower courtyard ©史云峰
▼室外餐厅和茶室，outdoor dining room and tea room ©史云峰
The real living space is located in the south side of old house. A gray cement house builds based on the form of old house and scale. It can open windows and skylight with different size, discretion strewn at random because of the intervention of modern structure. In terms of material, the concrete exterior wall of the main building, like the stone wall, is exposed to the audience in a “rough” form, forming the “original taste” in the modern context.
▼树下的院子，the courtyard sheltered by the trees ©史云峰
▼与老房子连接的客厅，living area connected to the old house ©史云峰
▼露台能看到北边的果园，outdoor terrace with a view to the orchard ©史云峰
▼从客厅望向露台，view from the living room ©史云峰
▼客厅的白天，living room daytime ©史云峰
▼客厅的转角窗，the corner window ©史云峰
▼老房子连接客厅的廊道，corridor linking the living room to the old building ©史云峰
▼露台的阳光映进客厅里，living room illuminated by the sunlight from the terrace ©史云峰
▼剖面图-南北，section (south-north) ©空间进化
The elevation difference between the east and west of the site enriches the shape of the courtyard space. We processed the platform according to the terrain, and defined difference value of upper and lower parts of 1.4m. At the boundary of the terrace, the new building is joined to the old building by a glass-roofed black metal corridor that extends from the outside to the building’s interior, blurring the boundary between the courtyard and the house and that of the interior and exterior Spaces. The black metal boxes grow close to the old and new buildings, forming part of the two main buildings, and extending tentacles and connecting each other on the eastern side of the site. The “metal box”, as an association, integrates the information and people flow of the two main buildings in the north and south, and forms a new possibility for the arrangement of the internal space of the building.
▼上庭院穿过下庭院看远山，view to the mountain from the upper courtyard ©史云峰
▼上庭院连接新老建筑的雨廊，the new building is joined to the old building by a glass-roofed black metal corridor ©史云峰
▼新房子里看老房子，view to the old house from the new one ©史云峰
According to the site topography, the corridor on the east side is located at the elevation of -1.4m and creates a new ridge height. Based on that, in the new part of the building, we designed a bedroom located on the second floor and a parent-child study room with a loft, providing free choice for users of different family structures. On the north side, the public space has grown from the shell of a traditional building to a new “metal box”. The inner courtyard preserves the original plants of the site and surrounds them with the living room and tea room. Through the large glass Windows, the branches in the courtyard spring into view, creating a pleasant life scene of life under the trees.
▼新房子的门厅，entry hall of the new building ©史云峰
▼门厅里的天窗，skylight of the entry hall ©史云峰
▼有阁楼的亲子房间，the parent-child room with a loft ©史云峰
▼主卧室，master room ©史云峰
▼主卧室的卫生间，master bathroom ©史云峰
▼客房，guest room ©史云峰
In addition to the design of the courtyard in the living room, the viewing platform in the site also gives way to the survival of the original trees, minimizing the damage to the site ecology caused by the construction. In the interior, we use a large white wall as the base, like a curtain, to project the shadow of trees onto it. This processing method responds to the cost, scale and site memory at the same time.
▼客厅的内庭院，courtyard in the living room ©史云峰
▼客厅的傍晚，living room at dusk ©史云峰
We let the architecture enter the history and nature in a humble manner, and let the architectural shapes interweave into the outline and form the viewfinder of different windows shapes: looking up at the mountains and trees, looking up at the stars and clouds, looking down at the grass and stones, walking between the tradition and the modern, and moving to different places.
▼傍晚看向室外餐厅，view to the outdoor dining area ©史云峰
▼夜晚下庭院的立面，exterior view by night ©史云峰
▼夜里的院子，courtyard by night ©史云峰
▼东立面图，east elevation ©空间进化
▼南立面图，south elevation ©空间进化
▼剖面图 – 东西，section (east-west) ©空间进化
项目设计 & 完成年份：2019年2月-2019年10月
Project Name: Yard under The Tree, Zhangjiazhuang Beijing/EVOLUTION DESIGN
Company: Evolution Design
Contact E-mail: email@example.com
Design & Completion Period: Feb 2019-Oct 2019
Leader Designer & Team Members: Tianqi Guan, Kang Gao,
Junnan Li, Xiang Ni, Kaijie Zhang
Project Location: Zhangjiazhuang Village, Jugezhuang Town, Miyun District, Beijing, China
Gross Built Area (square meters): 326㎡
Photo Credits: Shi Yunfeng
Construction: Beijing Quanya Construction
Client: Beijing Wanhong Information Service
Materials used in the project: Carbon steel plate, Stone,