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This wetland museum is located in the largest wetland near Beijing, which is the home for 40 species of resident birds and a pathway of 151 species of migratory birds. The museum disseminates wetland knowledge to tourists, especially teenagers, and educates and trains popular science enthusiasts with the help of forestry administrations.
▼湿地博物馆坐落于中国北京附近的最大湿地之中，This wetland museum is located in the largest wetland near Beijing ©心造文化
▼融入自然的建筑，the building integrated into the nature ©心造文化
The overall goal of the project is to achieve a building that minimizes disturbance to the wetland and integrated into the nature, and includes three main goals respectively micro impact, zero emission and full cycling. The way to achieve the goal is to firstly use the annular floating strategy that elevates the building over the wetland, and then utilize low-energy building design, self-cycling equipment and assembled construction.
▼项目航拍顶视图，aerial top view of the project ©心造文化
PROCESS——A full cycling museum of wetland education
The vulnerability of the environment in wetlands requires minimization of the output of buildings to nature. Starting from design, the museum realizes full cycling of materials, energy and water system. The building uses the prefabricated steel structure, and realizes material cycling in whole life cycle, from factory manufacturing to on-site installation and removal. It utilizes solar energy and air energy to realize energy cycling.
▼鸟瞰近景，closer bird’s eye view ©心造文化
▼由河流一侧鸟瞰建筑，Overlooking the building from the river side ©心造文化
PLANET——Achieving friendliness to birds in natural wetland by micro impact and zero emission
The building uses an elevated structure over the site to reduce the occupation of wetland as much as possible, and restores natural wetland within the site. At the same time, the wetland landscape is compensated on the roof of the building, so that the net loss of wetland is zero.
▼由场地远观建筑，viewing the museum from the site ©心造文化
▼建筑以架空在场地之上的策略尽可能减少对湿地的占用，The building uses an elevated structure over the site ©心造文化
Antibacterial copper plate is selected for the building skin, and this material will be gradually oxidized from golden yellow to copper green and integrated with the environment. The gap between the skin and the building and the exterior suspended ceiling will become the birds’ nests. Based on to research results, the pattern of glass curtain wall is designed with 100x50mm grids that is sensitive to bird vision to prevent birds from hitting by mistake.
▼抑菌铜板外表皮与环境融为一体，Antibacterial copper plate building skin is integrated with the environment ©心造文化
Rainwater is recycled through collection and reclaimed water treatment. Considering that there is no sewage pipeline in the site, a mechanical + natural filtration and purification system is built for sewage treatment to realize zero sewage discharge to wetland ecosystem.
▼博物馆入口广场，entrance plaza of the museum ©心造文化
▼表皮与建筑的间隙和室外吊顶会成为鸟巢，The gap between the skin and the building and the exterior suspended ceiling will become the birds’ nests ©心造文化
▼立面细部，detail of the facade ©心造文化
PLACE——A building integrated into and adapted to the wetland environment
Considering the landscape environment of the wetland park, the building is arranged on the site in the form of a floating ring. The space and form take into account the common attention to people and creatures. The courtyard connected with the nature and the elevated space allow birds, small animals and people to enter the semi-enclosed site in 24 hours, achieving symbiosis of the building and the environment. The building corresponds to the huge scale of the environment with the overall floating horizontal form, and the sense of rhythm of the copper skin corresponds to the texture of the green forest on the site.
▼建筑以整体性的漂浮水平形态呼应环境的巨大尺度，The building corresponds to the huge scale of the environment with the overall floating horizontal form ©心造文化
▼与自然联通的庭院和架空空间，The courtyard connected with the nature and the elevated space ©心造文化
▼建筑公共空间借助天然采光，The public space of the building forms a dramatic building space with the help of natural lighting ©心造文化
▼彩色光伏走廊，colored photovoltaic corridor ©心造文化
▼异形的主楼梯，special-shaped main stairs ©心造文化
From the perspective of carbon sink, the building reduces land occupation as much as possible. The elevated building returns the natural space to the wetland. The enclosed outdoor courtyard is connected with the natural site through the elevated layer. The outdoor environment keeps the natural ecology of the wetland as well as the tall pagoda trees and Chinese pine forests around the building. The public space of the building forms a dramatic building space with the help of natural lighting, colored photovoltaic corridor and special-shaped main stairs. The exhibition hall has vision contact with the natural landscape, making the vast landscape of the wetland park the most spectacular exhibit of the museum.
▼夜景，night view ©心造文化
Project name：Wetland Museum In Huailai
Gross Built Area：8446㎡
Project address：Zhangjiakou， China
Architectural Design：Tenio Architecture and Engineering Co.,Ltd.
Architect：Ren Jun, Jiang Nan, Fu Yingjun, Guo Runbo, Chen Ran, Di Yang
Structure: Wang Zhiyong, Meng Lesa
Equipment Engineer: Liu Bing, Chen Jian, Yang Hui
Construction unit: Huailai Forestry Bureau
Construction unit: MCC Tiangong Group Co., Ltd
Construction drawing design: Tenio Architecture and Engineering Co.,Ltd. , BCCI
Landscape design: Tianjin Huafang Zhujing Environment Landscape Design Co.,Ltd.
Curtain wall design: Gasun Construction Group
Exhibition Design: Shanghai Fengyuzhu Culture Technology Co.,Ltd.
Copper curtain wall: Shanghai Huayuan New Composite Materials Co.,Ltd.
Park planning: Chinese Institute of Urban Scientific Planning and Design
Completion date: October 1, 2019
Project photography: AWESOME-ZHOU XINRAN