We work for MAD 特别篇－－－MAD三位合伙人访谈之卷首语
We work for MAD Special —–foreword of interviews to three partners of MAD
从2010年春到2013年夏，我在MAD的建筑师岗位上工作三年，这期间以业余爱好的形式做了gooood，并与MAD的同事开始了We work for MAD专辑。至今为止，这个专辑陪伴大家走过4年有余，这四年多来我们分享了形形色色的有趣实习生们的作品与想法，也为大家展现了两位具有代表性的正式团队成员的风采。而MAD的合伙人：马岩松，党群，早野洋介他们的生活与工作是怎么样的状态？他们大胆先锋的作品怎么实现从纸面到建筑？他们是如何将成立仅11年，根植于中国大地的MAD打造成一个获得世界认可的国际化明星建筑事务所。他们如何合作？他们如何管理？他们对未来的期许是什么？他们遇到的困难与他们直面而迎的挑战是什么？还有他们最近都在做什么？…….
I established ‘gooood’, whilst working as an architect at MAD between spring 2010 and summer 2013, as an album of articles ‘We work for MAD’. Over the last 4 years we’ve shared a wide range of fascinating ideas and portfolios from the interns at MAD as well the achievements from two of the senior architects there. But what do the three partners Ma Yansong, Dang Qun and Yosuke Hayano look like in everyday life? How do the bold and avant-garde designs come to life, from 2D drawings to 3D buildings? What did they do to make MAD, established in Beijing only 11 years ago, to be a world famous architectural office? How do they work together? How do they manage the team and projects? What are their expectations for the future? What are the difficulties and challenges they will have to face? And what have they been doing recently?
In the next three editions of ‘We work for MAD’, gooood will publish a series of special interviews with the three partners.
另外要在这里恭喜MAD的最新建成项目——哈尔滨大剧院。哈尔滨大剧院从设计到建成横跨六年时间，期间一直被国际媒体关注。今年10月建成后，立即引来强烈反响，12月便以迅雷之势登上了世界各大重要权威建筑、设计杂志封面及报道：美国《建筑实录》Architectural Record（封面），意大利Abitare（封面），荷兰MARK（封面），日本GA（报道），英国ICON（报道），英国Architectural Review（报道）。美国《建筑实录》称这座建筑拥有“迷人的曲线”，荷兰MARK称“建筑成为自然环境的延续，成功地成为大地景观的一部分。”
We would also very much like to congratulate MAD on the recently completed Haerbin Opera House, which took six years from design to completion. Throughout those six years the opera house caught the attention of the international media. Since its completion in October 2015 the new opera house has had a huge impact, appearing on the cover of a host of globally recognised architectural and design magazines such as Architectural Record, Abitare and MARK, as well as featuring in ICON and Architectural Review. Architectural Record described the building as having “dangerous curves” and in the words of the Dutch magazine MARK, “it is a continuation of the natural environment as it becomes part of the landscape.”
I am so proud that I had the chance to participate in this project, even if it was just for a short time. I was responsible for updating various sections of the building, providing suggestions to and coordinating with the landscape design firm Turen Landscape, as well as finding appropriate materials to use for the elevations. I really understand the complexities and difficulties of this project and know just how hard MAD and their collaborators had to work. I was always looking forward to see how this project turned out, but the results have proved to be far beyond my expectations. The moment that I saw the pictures for the first time I could see that an amazing relationship between building and city, and nature and human had been realised. What is more the team that created the world-class Harbin Opera House was entirely Chinese. If one compares it to the National Opera House designed by a French architect, you can feel that the Harbin Opera House is more representative of China.
MAD has now been established for 11 years and its founder Ma Yansong has an impressive track record, he was the only architect to hit fame before the age of thirty, and then he went on to become the first Chinese architect to design a cultural landmark overseas! The young team at MAD under his leadership has also matured to reach new levels of excellence, and their achievements over the 11 years are certainly a lot more than just good fortune.
Here at gooood, we look forward to seeing more new works from MAD that will showcase a Chinese cultural aesthetic to the world, and very much hope that MAD works will continue to provide more innovative and creative ways of thinking about the future of city development.
Ling Xiang, gooood founder, chief editor
Haerbin Opera House is a landmark of the city, located on the picturesque wetlands next to the river, with elegant curves appearing to grow from nature. Its dramatic and vivid form appears like a snow mountain, merging perfectly into the landscape of this northern Chinese city, yet creating feelings of softness within this robustly industrial city.
This is a proud building with stature and gravitas, yet is also a humble building with intimate detail and a respect for nature. Haerbin Opera House has become a truly delightful public space within the city, attracting people from far and wide who enjoy the space to rest or exercise, as well as to appreciate the performances within the building.
▽ Harbin Opera House, aerial view from the east 从东方鸟瞰大剧院 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
MAD ARCHITECTS UNVEILS COMPLETED HARBIN OPERA HOUSE
MAD Architects unveils the completed Harbin Opera House, located in the Northern Chinese city of Harbin. In 2010, MAD won the international open competition for Harbin Cultural Island, a master plan for an opera house, a cultural center, and the surrounding wetland landscape along Harbin’s Songhua River. The sinuous opera house is the focal point of the Cultural Island, occupying a building area of approximately 850,000 square feet of the site’s 444 acres total area. It features a grand theater that can host over 1,600 patrons and a smaller theater to accommodate an intimate audience of 400.
▽ masterplan 总平面
Embedded within Harbin’s wetlands, the Harbin Opera House was designed in response to the force and spirit of the northern city’s untamed wilderness and frigid climate. Appearing as if sculpted by wind and water, the building seamlessly blends in with nature and the topography—a transfusion of local identity, art, and culture. “We envision Harbin Opera House as a cultural center of the future – a tremendous performance venue, as well as a dramatic public space that embodies the integration of human, art and the city identity, while synergistically blending with the surrounding nature,” said Ma Yansong, founding principal, MAD Architects.
▽ Sunset view of the opera house from the pond with the small theatre in the foreground 日落，越过池塘看小剧院 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Night view of the main entrance to the grand lobby featuring the crystalline skylight 主立面夜景，大天窗光芒夺目 Photographer: Adam Mørk
On the exterior, the architecture references the sinuous landscape of the surrounding area. The resulting curvilinear façade composed of smooth white aluminum panels becomes the poetry of edge and surface, softness and sharpness. The journey begins upon crossing the bridge onto Harbin Cultural Island, where the undulating architectural mass wraps a large public plaza, and during winter months, melts into the snowy winter environment.
▽ Partial view of the façades’ aluminum panels and pathways 白色铝板立面局部 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ The façade in contrast to the Harbin skyline 大剧院与哈尔滨的天际线 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Night view of the grand lobby and grand theater 夜景，备具张力的线条与宏伟的形体 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Night view looking into the lobby of the small theater 小剧场外厅夜景 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ South side view into the grand lobby 大堂南侧夜景视图 Photographer: Adam Mørk
The architectural procession choreographs a conceptual narrative, one that transforms visitors into performers. Upon entering the grand lobby, visitors will see large transparent glass walls spanning the grand lobby, visually connecting the curvilinear interior with the swooping façade and exterior plaza. Soaring above, a crystalline glass curtain wall soars over the grand lobby space with the support of a lightweight diagrid structure. Comprised of glass pyramids, the surface alternates between smooth and faceted, referencing the billowing snow and ice of the frigid climate. Visitors are greeted with the simple opulence of natural light and material sensation—all before taking their seat.
▽ The lobby of the grand theater 大剧院大堂 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Detail of the sculpted wood surfaces 水曲柳曲墙细部 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Detail of the sculpted wood staircase 木雕楼梯细部 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ The sculpted wood staircase leading to the grand theater 通往大剧场的木雕楼梯 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ View from side of the grand theater’s staircase 从大堂望向楼梯 Photographer: Adam Mørk
Presenting a warm and inviting element, the grand theater is clad in rich wood, emulating a wooden block that has been gently eroded away. Sculpted from Manchurian Ash, the wooden walls gently wrap around the main stage and theater seating. From the proscenium to the mezzanine balcony the grand theater’s use of simple materials and spatial configuration provides world-class acoustics. The grand theater is illuminated in part by a subtle skylight that connects the audience to the exterior and the passing of time.
▽ View of the grand theater’s main stage and the proscenium 大剧场主舞台 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ The grand theater sculpted in Manchurian Ash, holds 1,600 seats 水曲柳为基材打造的1600座大剧场 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Mezzanine and balcony seating 大剧场座位 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Grand theater balcony detail 大剧场曲墙细节 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
Within the second, smaller theater, the interior is connected seamlessly to the exterior by the large, panoramic window behind the performance stage. This wall of sound-proof glass provides a naturally scenic backdrop for performances and activates the stage as an extension of the outdoor environment, inspiring production opportunities.
▽ Panoramic window backdrops the small theater stage with the surrounding landscape 拥有全景窗户，联系景观的小剧场 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽The small theater accommodates intimate audiences of 400 小剧场可容纳400人 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Detail of the concrete wall in the small theater 小剧场混凝土墙的细部 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Lobby of the small theater 小剧场大厅 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Lobby of the small theater 小剧场大厅 Photographer: Hufton+Crow
▽ Stairway entrance to the small theater 小剧场入口处的楼梯 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Office Lobby 办公区大厅 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Rehearsal Room 排练室 Photographer: Adam Mørk
Harbin Opera House emphasizes public interaction and participation with the building. Both ticketholders and the general public alike can explore the façade’s carved paths and ascend the building as if traversing local topography. At the apex, visitors discover an open, exterior performance space that serves as an observation platform for visitors to survey the panoramic views of Harbin’s metropolitan skyline and the surrounding wetlands below. Upon descent, visitors return to the expansive public plaza, and are invited to explore the grand lobby space.
Surpassing the complex opera house typology, MAD articulates an architecture inspired by nature and saturated in local identity, culture and art. As the Harbin Opera House deepens the emotional connection of the public with the environment, the architecture is consequently theatrical in both its performance of narrative spaces and its context within the landscape.
▽ Rooftop terrace with observation deck that provides panoramic views of Harbin and the Songhua River 可以欣赏到松花江全景的观景屋顶平台 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Rooftop terrace 屋顶平台 Photographer: Adam Mørk
▽ Harbin Opera House floor plan, 1st floor
▽ Harbin Opera House floor plan, 2nd floor
▽ Harbin Opera House Roof
▽ Longitudinal Section of the grand theater 大剧场纵断面
▽ Transversal Section of the grand theater 大剧场横断面
▽ Longitudinal Section of the small section 小剧场纵断面
设计团队：Jordan Kanter, Daniel Gillen, Bas van Wylick, 刘会英, 傅昌瑞, 赵伟, 李健 ,郑芳, Julian Sattler, Jackob Beer, J Travis Russett, Sohith Perera, Colby Thomas Suter, 于魁, Philippe Brysse, 黄伟, Flora Lee, 王伟, 谢怡邦, Lyo Hengliu, Alexander Cornelius, Alex Gornelius, 毛蓓宏, Gianantonio Bongiorno, Jei Kim, 陈元宇, 于浩臣, 覃立超, Pil-Sun Ham, Mingyu Seol, 林国敏, 张海峡, 李广崇, Wilson Wu, 马宁, Davide Signorato, Nick Tran, 向玲, Gustavo Alfred Van Staveren, 杨杰
Harbin Opera House
Location: Harbin, China
Typology: Opera House
Building Area: 850,000 square feet
Building Height: 184 feet
Grand Theater Capacity: 1,600 seats
Small Theater Capacity: 400 seats
Directors: Ma Yansong, Dang Qun, Yosuke Hayano
Design Team : Jordan Kanter, Daniel Gillen, Bas van Wylick, Liu Huiying, Fu Changrui, Zhao Wei, Kin Li ,Zheng Fang, Julian Sattler, Jackob Beer, J Travis Russett, Sohith Perera, Colby Thomas Suter, Yu Kui, Philippe Brysse, Huang Wei, Flora Lee, Wang Wei, Xie Yibang, Lyo Hengliu, Alexander Cornelius, Alex Gornelius, Mao Beihong, Gianantonio Bongiorno, Jei Kim, Chen Yuanyu, Yu Haochen, Qin Lichao, Pil-Sun Ham, Mingyu Seol, Lin Guomin, Zhang Haixia, Li Guangchong, Wilson Wu, Ma Ning, Davide Signorato, Nick Tran, Xiang Ling, Gustavo Alfred Van Staveren, Yang Jie,
Architect: MAD Architects
Associate Engineers: Beijing Institute of Architectural Design
Façade/cladding Consultants: Inhabit Group, China Jingye Engineering Co., Ltd.
BIM: Gehry Technologies Co., Ltd.
Landscape Architect: Turenscape.
Interior Design: MAD Architects,
Lighting Design: Toryo International Lighting Design Center, Beijing United Artists Lighting Design Co., Ltd.
Acoustic Consultants: Zhang Kuisheng Acoustics Research Institute of Shanghai Modern Design Group
Signage Design: Shenzhen Freesigns Signage Co., Ltd.
更多精彩，还请关注未来三期，我们依次推出的We work for MAD 特别篇：NO.77 早野洋介，NO.78 党群， NO.79马岩松。
More details will be appear in the next three issues as we publish the ‘We work for MAD’ features in turn: NO,77 Yosuke Hayano, NO.78 Dang Qun, NO.79 Ma Yansong