The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School by Diana Kellogg Architects

A beacon standing in its desert kingdom of Jaisalmer

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感谢 Diana Kellogg Architects 予 gooood 分享以下内容。
Appreciation towards Diana Kellogg Architects for providing the following description:

Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校坐落在印度拉贾斯坦邦神秘的塔尔沙漠中央,其独特的椭圆形砂岩结构与四周干旱而又广阔的景观无缝地衔接在一起。学校将于2021年7月开放,并接收400多名女学生,其学龄从幼儿园至十年级不等。这些女孩均来自当地贫困线以下的家庭——该地女性的平均识字率仅有36%。

Sitting atop numerous acres in the heart of the mystic Thar Desert in Rajasthan, India, stands The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School – a fantastical oval sandstone structure that blends seamlessly into the arid landscape. Set to open in July 2021, the school will serve more than 400 girls, from kindergarten to class 10, that live below the poverty line in the region where female literacy barely touches 36 percent.

▼视频,video © Vinay Panjwani

Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校犹如沙漠之国杰伊瑟尔梅尔的一座灯塔,它的建立旨在改善当地社区的生活水平。学校建筑由当地工匠(通常是这些女孩们的父亲们)利用当地砂岩修筑而成,很快这里还将有两座新建筑落成,分别是“The Medha”,一个带有图书馆和博物馆的表演及艺术展览中心;以及女性联合会(The Women’s Cooperative)——当地女性可以在这里跟随工匠学习编织和刺绣技术。

Standing as a beacon in its desert kingdom of Jaisalmer, The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School was built to improve the lives of the community. Local craftsmen—often the fathers of the girls—built the school using local sandstone, and soon two more structures will be erected: The Medha – a performance and art exhibition space with a library and museum, and The Women’s Cooperative where local artisans will teach mothers and other women weaving and embroidery techniques from the region.

▼项目概览,general view © Vinay Panjwani

三座建筑落成之后将共同构成“GYAAN中心”,该综合体由纽约Diana Kellogg Architects事务所的建筑师Diana Kellogg担纲设计;委托方是非营利组织CITTA,该组织致力于为全球经济最困难、地理最偏远或最被边缘化的社区提供发展上的帮助。GYAAN中心还将为年轻女性提供受教育和走向独立的机会,并在全球范围内提高人们对于印度女性所面临的一系列问题的认知。

The complex of three buildings will be known as the GYAAN Center. Designed by New York City-based architect Diana Kellogg of Diana Kellogg Architects, the GYAAN Center was commissioned by CITTA, a non-profit organization that supports development in some of the most economically challenged, geographically remote or marginalized communities in the world. The GYAAN Center will equip young women with the tools to further their education and independence as well as raise awareness surrounding the issues faced by women in India on a global scale.

Diana Kellogg表示:“有效的设计意味着要深入地了解一个地方的历史——它的文化、地理环境和风土人情。我希望创造一座与’光明’和’集体’相联系的建筑,一个与当地人的心灵产生共鸣的结构,同时能够借助自然的能量来帮助并培养各年龄层的女性。”

“Effective design is a process requiring deep understanding of the history of a place – its culture, its topography and its vernacular, said Diana Kellogg, Founder, Diana Kellogg Architects. “I wanted to create a building about light and community – a structure that resonates with the soul of its people and enforces the natural energies to nurture and heal the women and girls.”

▼Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校坐落在印度拉贾斯坦邦神秘的塔尔沙漠中央 © Vinay Panjwani
The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School stands in the heart of the mystic Thar Desert in Rajasthan, India

GYAAN中心是一个为女性打造的项目,因此在设计初期,建筑师便对各种文化中的女性符号进行了研究——尤其是那些与力量有关的象征。最终,建筑师选择用三个椭圆形的结构来彰显女性的力量和无限潜力。从顶部看,这个令人惊叹的椭圆形结构与杰伊瑟尔梅尔地区的沙漠环境完美地结合在一起,显著的弧形墙壁使人联想到拉贾斯坦邦声名远扬的城堡。

Since the GYAAN Center is designed by a woman for women, Kellogg looked at feminine symbols across cultures when starting the design process – specifically symbols of strength, landing on a structure of three ovals to represent the power of femininity and infinity. From above, the breathtaking ellipse structure blends seamlessly into the planes of sand-dunes in the region of Jaisalmer, with striking curved walls reminiscent of Rajasthan’s famous forts.

▼鸟瞰:椭圆形结构与沙漠环境完美地结合在一起 © Vinay Panjwani
Aerial view: the breathtaking ellipse structure blends seamlessly into the planes of sand-dunes

Kellogg和她的团队十分重视建筑的可持续性,他们无偿地为GYAAN Center提供设计方案,并全程与当地工匠合作,利用来自杰伊瑟尔梅尔本地的砂岩建造出了第一座建筑,也就是现在的Rajkumari Ratnavatinv女子学校。

Sustainability was of utmost importance to Kellogg and her team, who designed the GYAAN Center pro bono and worked entirely with all local craftsmen to build the first structure – The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School – out of hand-carved Jaisalmer sandstone.

▼入口立面,entrance facade © Vinay Panjwani

▼内部庭院,courtyard © Vinay Panjwani

▼入口楼梯, entrance staircase © Vinay Panjwani

在学校内部,首先迎接人们的是一座宽阔的楼梯和装饰着diyas石质花饰的墙壁,每朵花上标识出了教室的序号以及项目捐助者的名称。蜿蜒的走廊分别通向教室、计算机中心和开阔的露台,分布在这些空间中的家具采用当地红木制作,此外还搭配以印度传统的Charpai编织座椅。校园的护墙亦是从传统Jallis屏风中汲取灵感。

Inside the school, visitors are greeted by a sweeping staircase and a wall decorated with diyas, small stone flower medallions signifying each classroom and the donors for the project. Winding corridors lead you to classrooms, a computer center and a sprawling terrace, all donned with furniture made locally out of rosewood with classic Charpai woven seating. A parapet wall is also featured as a reinvention of the Jallis, screen walls traditionally used to hide women for privacy.

▼从走廊望向庭院,view to the courtyard from the corridor © Vinay Panjwani

▼庭院,courtyard © Vinay Panjwani

▼教室内部,classroom © Vinay Panjwani

设计团队还延续了当地人古老的集水技术,以充分利用雨水并回收学校的灰水。建筑的朝向和布局使其能够最大限度地利用盛行风并阻挡阳光直射,在此基础上,团队还进一步使用了太阳能电池板来为室内照明和风扇提供能源。屋顶上设置了一个金属框架的遮阳蓬,里面包含跷跷板、秋千和爬杆等器械,可供女生们运动健身。

遮阳蓬和Jallis墙壁能够同时阻挡热量,椭圆形的建筑体量也有助于实现项目的可持续性,除了在温度峰值接近120度的位置提供被动式太阳能制冷外,还创造了一个气流冷却板。GYAAN中心的墙体可以让空气从建筑中穿过,并将阳光和沙子阻挡在外面。位于中央的结构将Rajkumari Ratnavatinv女子学校和女性联合会联结在一起,象征着数代女性的团结一致。

▼通向屋顶的楼梯,the staircase leading to the roof © Vinay Panjwani

▼屋顶坡道,ramp on the roof © Vinay Panjwani

▼护墙从传统Jallis屏风中汲取灵感 © Vinay Panjwani
The parapet wall is featured as a reinvention of the Jallis

The design team followed the local ancient water harvesting techniques to maximize the rainwater and recycle gray water in the school. While the building is oriented to maximize the prevailing wind and keep maximum sunlight out, the team also employed solar panels for the lighting and fans in the building. A solar canopy on the roof with a metal framework doubles as a jungle gym with seesaws, swings and monkey bars for the girls.

Both the solar panel canopy and Jallis keep the heat out and the elliptical shape of the structure also helps bring aspects of sustainability, creating a cooling panel of airflow, in addition to passive solar cooling where temperatures peak close to 120 degrees.  At the GYAAN Center, the wall allows air to flow through the building and keep the sun and sand out. A central structure weaves together The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School and The Women’s Cooperative, representing a blending of generations.

▼屋顶鸟瞰,aerial view to the roof © Vinay Panjwani

Kellogg表示:“考虑到建筑是为支持女性教育的非营利性机构建造,我们竭尽所能地去实现经济性设计的目标。此外我们必须在项目中结合真实的文化元素,如此才能让GYAAN中心成为能够真正代表该区域以及当地居民的建筑。”

“Since the building was built for a non-profit to support girls’ education, every effort was made toward economic design, said Kellogg. “It was imperative that we incorporated authentic cultural elements, so the Center was a true representation of the region and its members.”

▼可栖居的墙壁,the  inhabitable walls © Vinay Panjwani

印度著名的时装设计师Sabyasachi Mukherjee被邀请为Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校的学生设计校服。她使用了当地一种名为“Ajrak”的传统布料,并采用天然染料和近代之前就出现的技术对布料进行印染。这些产品不仅能够反映该地区宝贵的手工艺遗产、突出其固有的美感与力量,更帮助当地居民树立起对家园的自豪感和互帮互助的集体意识。

Famed Indian fashion designer Sabyasachi Mukherjee was tapped to create the uniforms for the students of The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School. Sabyasachi used Ajrak, a traditional textile from the region that is block-printed with natural dyes using a technique that predates modern history. They were made to reflect the region’s craft heritage to highlight the beauty and power inherent to the crafts, as well as provide a better sense of community, connection and pride for their home.

▼校服设计反映了该地区宝贵的手工艺遗产,the design of uniforms reflects the region’s craft heritage © Vinay Panjwani

GYAAN中心还将邀请众多著名女性艺术家、设计师和教育推动者进行艺术创作、举办活动并展示装置作品。学生们将在GYAAN中心学习阅读、写作并发展当地特有的传统工艺技术。女孩们在学校上课的时候,她们的母亲和当地的其他女性可以在女性联合会与当地工匠一起工作。

The Medha展览中心将举办以女性为主题的展览,强调保障女性权益的重要性,同时吸引更多人来到GYAAN中心。该空间还将定期举办集市,与在附近沙漠体验日落的游客们分享当地女性的创作成果。成年女性在GYAAN中心收获的教育、独立性和权力将反过来激励其他家庭教育并培养他们的女儿,从而最大程度地发挥出GYAAN中心的价值。

The GYAAN Center will invite renowned female artists, designers and education advocates to create artwork, host events and present installations. Students will learn to read, write, and develop traditional artisan skills unique to the region. While girls are receiving an education at the Girls School, mothers and other women in the region will work with local artisans at The Women’s Cooperative. Exhibitions at The Medha will embody the importance of women’s empowerment, while drawing people to the center. The space will also periodically act as a marketplace to share the women’s creations with tourists venturing to the nearby dunes to experience the sunset. The education, independence, and empowerment women gain at the GYAAN center will, in turn, incentivize families to educate their daughters, bringing the benefit of the center full circle.

▼一座与“光明”和“集体”相联系的建筑,a building about light and community © Vinay Panjwani

▼在庭院里玩耍的女孩们,girls playing in the courtyard © Vinay Panjwani

CITTA创始人兼执行董事Michael Daube表示:“我们无比地感谢Diana Kellogg为学校项目的实现所付出的时间和优秀的创作力。学校对学生们的切实影响将改变人们对于女孩与妇女的能力的固有认知,这也是我们在长期努力的过程中所迈出的第一步。”

“We couldn’t be more appreciative to Diana for her time and artistry to make the school a reality,” said Michael Daube, Founder & Executive Director, CITTA. “To make a true impact for our students will mean changing attitudes of what girls and women are capable of. This is our first step in that effort.”

▼建筑外观,exterior view © Vinay Panjwani

▼鸟瞰,aerial view © Vinay Panjwani

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