THAT House, Australia by Austin Maynard Architects

a small home embracing the nature

Project Specs


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Appreciation towards Austin Maynard Architects for providing the following description:


The site is neighboured by huge houses. We were asked to provide the family with ‘just the right amount of space’. By creating large openings and generous connections to the garden we aimed to make this modest-sized house feel abundant and broad. The result is a home that is almost half the size of its neighbours without compromising liveability.

▼从前院看向建筑,the exterior view from the garden

▼宽阔屋檐下的枫树,the maple tree encompassed by the eave



The largest houses in the world.



Australian homes are the largest in the world. This is a significant problem for Australia. A stable economy, aspirational culture and relatively flat topography have enabled Australians to occupy homes that are far bigger than they require. Melbourne’s flat landscape, loose topographical boundaries and rapidly growing population have meant that large homes have spread over the food belt and into arid areas. Large homes, and their associated sprawl, are highly problematic. Services and infrastructure, such as food, water, electricity, communications, health and education are stretched at great expense to the public, both financially and environmentally. Large, deep homes are less responsive to the climates of Australia’s cities. Therefore heating and cooling demands are radically increased. Large homes, and the subsequent sprawl, place significant demands on private car ownership and associated infrastructure, which is by far the least sustainable transport option. People who are unable to drive (the elderly, children, people with disabilities, etc) are often left isolated without reliable alternative transport options. Walking and riding become difficult, and often dangerous, in sprawl areas.

In short, large homes are an environmental disaster for our cities, whilst also being a cultural/social disaster for our communities.

▼面向庭院的书房,the study facing the front garden




Living with community.

“我们(澳大利亚人)总是习惯于去私密场所而非公共场所,或是与社区里的其他人交流,而我认为这是错误的。”Stuart White教授说道。


“We (Australians) tend to seek those things in a private space rather than going and seeking them in a public space or mingle with others in the community and I think that is a worrying trend,” Professor Stuart White

Like many of our wonderful clients, the owners of THAT House are keen to open up to the community rather than permanently hiding or fortifying themselves. As Australian homes and culture become increasingly inward looking and protective, AMA is reacting against this trend. THAT House can open up to the outdoors, both private and public. Importantly a house that can be very transparent needs to be able to adapt to multiple privacy needs. Hence we have installed upwards blinds to give the owners control over their level of privacy. How many times have you seen huge windows with their blinds permanently down? This happens because of the binary a downward blind creates. A downward blind provides no privacy until it is completely down. An upward blind enables you to cut-out almost all view into a home while still being able to look out to the garden, and the street beyond. This gives control over all levels of privacy and intimate control over the light let into each space.

▼开放的客厅,the living room with view of the rear garden



Alone, together.



Running through most of our projects is the concept of being alone, together. In its simplest terms, we aim to have secluded spaces within shared spaces. We’re not fans of open-plan living. We also avoid completely enclosing rooms or functions. We try to make the connection of each space adaptable and loose. The ground floor of THAT House is ostensibly open, however the arrangement of spaces allows the owners to be together, or secluded, or any level of engagement in between. For example, someone could be quietly reading in the study, whilst another family member watches cartoons in the sitting space, and two others are discussing football at the dining table. They are within a large, shared area, however it is not a noisy open plan, nor is it a series of enclosed cells. THAT House enables the residents to be as engaged or as removed from the family as much as they wish, at any time.

If your spaces can adapt to suit your mood, the weather, time of day and usage, then you don’t need numerous rooms. Adaptable, complex areas allow us to make the most of our space, while keeping our homes modest in size and enabling us to have large, well-connected outdoor spaces and gardens.

▼与餐厅相连的小客厅位于另一侧,the lounge on the other side

▼起居空间与餐厅及厨房相连,the dining area next to the lounge





Let’s be clear, THAT House is not a small home. It’s not a solution, nor ‘new prototype’ for Australian housing. However within its context THAT House is defiant and resistant. THAT house is a conscious effort to build a home that is almost half the floor area of its neighbours, yet without compromise of spatial types, functions and quality. The anxiety of not having enough, or leaving something out that you may need later, is a real fear. However with good design and planning, modest size homes are not compromising. In fact, due to their access to the garden and the sophisticated nature of their internal spaces, well designed smaller homes are far superior to their bulky, poorly-considered neighbours.

▼穿孔铝板制作的楼梯增添了轻盈的感觉,the stairs made from perforated alumni panel

▼带有落地窗的卧室,the bedroom with full height window

▼走廊享有户外景观,corridors with view of outdoor landscape


▼主卧正对着游泳池,the master bedroom facing the swimming pool

▼带有小圆窗的浴室,the bathroom with small round window





Like all of our buildings, sustainability is at the core of THAT House. We have optimised passive solar gain into all north facing windows. All windows are double-glazed. We have no glazing on western facades and limited glass on the eastern facades. High performance insulation is everywhere. Along with active management of shade, and passive ventilation demands on mechanical heating and cooling are drastically reduced. A large water tank has been buried within the rear yard. All roof water is captured and reused to flush toilets and water the garden. Where possible we have sourced local trades, materials and fittings. Solar panels with micro-inverters cover the new roof.

▼从二层的露台看向卧室,view of the bedroom

▼带有游泳池的后院成为家人相聚的美好空间,the rear yard with swimming pool

▼夜景,night view

▼体量生成图解,the volume progressing


▼一层平面图,first floor plan

▼二层平面图,second floor plan



Architect: Austin Maynard Architects (formerly Andrew Maynard Architects),
Project team: Andrew Maynard, Mark Austin, Kathryne Houchin
Site / Floor Area: Site area – 514m2; Floor area – 255m2
Completion date: September 2015
Builder: Sargant Constructions
Landscape Architect: Ben Scott, Garden Design
Tree: Acer (Maple tree)
Engineer: R. Bliem & Associates
Quantity Surveyor: Cost Plan
Building Surveyor: Code Compliance
Pool contractor: Out From The Blue

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