The renovated house located in Haidian district of Beijing is a school district housing. Before the renovation, the house had been rented out. Due to the schooling of the child, the house owner decided to design and decorate the house again, hoping to solve the core problem and improve the quality of life through the design. This small house is the owner’s second house in Beijing, and the major demand is to meet the daily living demands of the young grandparents. The child would write homework here every night after school and occasionally stay over, the host would also occasionally stay over. The whole family gets together at dinner time to share family hours.
▼室内空间一览，overall view of the space ©罗姣姣
It took 6 month to finish the renovation. I started from the requirements of the house owner, trying to explore more possibilities of space in the design thinking. Considering the common problems in small house like various functions, small area and crowded space, the design integrated kitchen, dining room and living room into one space. I transformed the original 6 areas into 4 larger areas, creating a more capacious place where the family activity would be more comfortable. There are 11 function points and many details which could meet the current demands of the owner. The 11 new functional areas are refined to match the new housing requirements. The general idea is reflected in the following points.
1. The kitchen, dining room, living room are arranged in sequence, integrated in a large space, which is more spacious and more suitable for family interaction and dinner sharing.
2. The child’s bed is divided into two parts, the upper rest area and the lower study area.
3. After increasing the size of the bathroom, I did 3 separates and added a bathtub and separate shower in the bathroom.
4. Integrate the balcony into the bedroom space
5. The booth sofa in the living room has mutiple functions, which is convenient to store content and stay over occasionally of the host.
▼平面图，改造后空间包含11个功能，plan of the space with 11 functions
The space is conventional one room, one hall, one kitchen, one bathroom and one balcony, each space is opposite independent while the bathroom area is partial small. There is a small window in the kitchen, which is in the shared patio with the neighbors, with the functions of ventilation and visual extension but weak lighting function. When I re-planned the space and wall, I kept the longest extension of the vision when entering the house. When the person changes shoe in the entryway, he can see the 3 place of outside daylighting windows inside the space. The reason is to magnify the occupant’s experience of the space through visual extension in a small space.
▼打掉隔墙，形成通畅的视觉流线，remove the partitions to create continuous visual experience
▼从玄关看向室内，视野可以直达户外，view from the entry directly to the outdoor environment ©罗姣姣
▼起居、餐厅和厨房整合成一个空间，living, dining and kitchen integrated into one space ©罗姣姣
When the entrance door is opened, it is faced with the child’s bed and the study area, two windows can be seen at the same time, the view can reach the outdoor trees. Living space, dining room and the kitchen are inside one space, the electrical appliances and the study room are gathered and integrated in a big high cabinet. The child’s room and study space are on one side of the dining room, and the rest space on the upper part is made safe enclosure, leaving a gap to increase fun Booth sofa’s depth is 700mm, the male host can occasionally live here for a night. The open case under the booth is reserved for the sweeping robot, The walls are paneled with closet door panels, with cement paint on the top. Divide the bedroom and living space through sliding doors partition. The 2200mm long dining table is suitable for the whole family to have dinner every night, and it also serves as the operating table of the open kitchen. The small window in the kitchen provides a small amount of natural light for the dining room.
▼卡座沙发，可供男主人留宿，booth sofa which could be used as a bed ©罗姣姣
▼起居空间，收纳设置在木柜和抽屉中，living space with storage hidden in the wooden cabinets and drawers ©罗姣姣
In the study room I divided the height into upper and lower spaces, with the upper divided into 1000mm height and the lower divided into 1500mm height. In consideration of structural safety, at the very beginning of construction, I used steel structure to make the foundation of the whole child’s bed, and implanted it into the partition wall of the bathroom. Then I did the wood trim decoration and finally installed the customized iron handrail.
▼书房，下部为学习空间，上部为儿童房，study room with lower space for study and upper space for sleep ©罗姣姣
The child’s room is in a space with a height of 1000mm, in which we kept the length of 2700. I opened a day lighting opening on one side of the security damper, and on the upper berth, one can see every open space of the family “except the bathroom part”. Made a little cabinet at the head of the bed and put out little items. Blocked the head, retained the three windows that can see the whole house from the upper berth, divided the two spaces through the bedroom’s sliding door.
▼连接儿童房的梯子，ladders to the child’s room ©罗姣姣
▼儿童房，可以看到全屋的窗户，child’s room from where all the windows could be seen ©罗姣姣
In the master’s room, I make the balcony top surface full of furred ceiling hidden beam to reduce the depressive feeling that beam brought to the bed, both sides and the head of a bed had storage function.
▼卧室，吊顶隐藏梁，master’s room which beams hidden in the ceiling ©罗姣姣
A big washbasin in the wash room is convenient for my grandparents to use and for hand washing of clothes. The design added a bathtub and a separate shower for various use demands. The back of the toilet integrates the water tank with storage in a large cabinet.
Designer: Luo Xiuda
Construction drawing deepening: He Sha
Construction: Huang Qibin
Photography: Luo Jiaojiao
Materials: Floor paint, cement paint, plaster gray oak, Changhong glass
1. Whole house customization: Pauchie
2. Self-leveling: Laticrete
3. Cement paint: Chen Xu
4. Furniture: concept101
More： Luo Xiuda on gooood