The Girls’ Hostel Block at the St. Andrews Institute of Technology and Management in Gurugram explores the intersection of education and sustainability through the lens of the vernacular.
▼宿舍外观，exterior view © Noughts and Crosses
▼女生宿舍与旁边的男生宿舍楼采用了相似的砖和清水混凝土结构 © Noughts and Crosses
Girls’ Hostel takes cues from the adjacent Boys’ Hostel Block and is articulated in brick and fair-faced concrete
The hostel is home to approximately 130 students, with dorm rooms spread across four levels in addition to hosting ancillary spaces like a pantry, recreational areas as well as social spaces. The ground floor comprises twelve double-occupancy rooms along with a double-height reception, pantry and indoor activity lounge where students can organize gatherings and social events.
▼入口立面，entrance facade © Noughts and Crosses
▼从附近男生宿舍的方向望向女生宿舍，view towards the Girls’ Hostel from the adjacent Boys’ Hostel Block © Noughts and Crosses
▼设计示意动图，diagram GIF © Zero Energy Design Lab
As students move from the interiors of the building into the open, they experience distinct transitions in varying thermal environments. The activity lounge on the ground floor is placed next to the landscaped court. The lounge creates an intimate environment for studying or conversation. Further, the adjacent internal landscaped court features dense plantation to reduce heat gain through evaporative cooling. From the core of the building towards the outdoor, the next transition is the second-floor terrace along the building’s west façade that attracts students in the mornings and late evenings in summers and serves as an all-day space to congregate during winters.
▼内部景观庭院，the internal landscaped court © Noughts and Crosses
双层立面 | The Double Skin Façade
With limited space available along the northern façade of the hostel, a double-skin façade has been developed with the intention of creating a semi-permeable layer that would help in shading and regulating the temperature between the exterior and interior environments via a controlled airflow.
▼外部的屏墙采用了砖红色的空心混凝土砌块，the exterior façade screen uses hollow pigmented concrete blocks to resemble the colour of the red brick © Noughts and Crosses
▼混凝土砌块被轻微地旋转至特定的角度，the concrete blocks are slightly rotated at a specific angle © Noughts and Crosses
▼外墙细节，facade detailed view © Noughts and Crosses
The exterior façade screen uses hollow pigmented concrete blocks to resemble the colour of the red brick. The blocks have been successful in addressing three concerns. Not only do they provide adequate thermal mass to absorb the heat, but with a depth of eight inches, the direct radiation has to penetrate through several layers within the block and gets reflected on different surfaces multiple times before entering the interiors reducing glare. In addition, since the block is penetrable, the air volume passing through this mass loses its heat through compression on the basis of Bernoulli’s principle. The blocks are also slightly rotated at a specific angle based on the insulation analysis with respect to solar heat gain.
▼从内部看镂空屏墙，view to the façade screen from the internal space © Noughts and Crosses
▼连桥和楼梯，the connecting bridge and staircase © Noughts and Crosses
The interior second skin provides a volume where the user can step out to a shaded environment such as a balcony or court. It is a space that prioritizes thermal comfort through the adaptive behaviour of the building and enables functionality. The second skin takes on the role of a breakout space such as a terrace, between the interior and exterior. It empowers students to take charge of their environment and activity as well as connect with nature while still being inside the building.
▼第二层表皮提供了一个可走入的荫蔽环境 © Noughts and Crosses
the second skin provides a volume where the user can step out to a shaded environment
▼大楼梯，the grand staircase © Noughts and Crosses
▼休息室，the lounge © Noughts and Crosses
景观策略和水管理 | Landscape Strategies and Water Management
The landscape design enriches the space by bringing the greenery inside to serve not only aesthetic but also functional purposes. The edge details of the planters are designed as seaters, allowing students to sit with nature. The shaded courtyard hosts a diverse variety of plant species which require a lesser exposure to sun. The peripheral areas feature bamboo that creates a screen. Outside the building, where the ground is completely exposed to the sun, champa trees have been planted due to their large canopies to create shaded seating spaces.
the courtyard: the edge details of the planters are designed as seaters © Noughts and Crosses
The surface of the outdoor landscaped court is penetrable, facilitating ground water penetration. The wastewater such as water from the washrooms is conveyed to the sewage treatment plant and is reused for horticulture purposes.
▼夜景，night view © Noughts and Crosses
▼建筑夜景，The Girls’ Hostel Block by night © Noughts and Crosses
▼首层平面图，ground floor plan © Zero Energy Design Lab
▼二层平面图，second floor plan © Zero Energy Design Lab
▼剖面图，section © Zero Energy Design Lab
Typology: Commercial design/ Housing – Hostel
Name of Project: St. Andrews Institute of Technology and Management – Girls Hostel Block
Location: Gurugram, Haryana
Name of Client: St. Andrews Group
Name of Client’s Firm: St. Andrews Group
Principal Architect: Zero Energy Design Lab
Design Team: Lead: Sachin and Payal Rastogi | Team: Rohan Mishra, Naveen Pahal, Shivangi Banerjee
Built-Up Area (sqft&sq m): 25,000 Sq. Ft.
Start Date: Dec 2017
Completion Date: December 2020
Photographer: Noughts and Crosses | Andre J. Fanthome