项目背景 | Background of the project
South Lohmuehleninsel Park (transliteration) is located in the central area of Berlin, it was originally a leather manufacturing site. After the reunification of Germany, the Lohmuehleninsel Island was gradually transformed into an urban green space. By 2008, the reconstruction work was basically completed. During this period, the newly built sports belt provides sports and rest places for people of different ages. On the one hand, the site is located at the entrance of Silesia Avenue, facing the iconic distribution center “Silesia Gate” end to end, shouldering the important task of improving the quality of the street landscape. On the other hand, the Northeast is adjacent to the Spree Canal, and the southwest end is connected to the Gritz Park, which plays a guiding transition role. Such a location makes this small island popular among walkers, and at the same time it has become the only way for many cyclists.
▼公园概览，overview of the park ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
设计思路 | Design ideas
Due to its limited area and long and narrow terrain, Lohmuehlen Island cannot carry too many people. Blindly adding functions will undoubtedly increase the utilization rate of the venue and intensify conflicts. Therefore, how to flexibly channel the crowd and transfer the pressure of use has become the main task of this design. In addition to optimizing the road system, the use of sight diversion is a more effective strategy. In addition, the site is located by the canal, and the design should also highlight the unique property of the site.
Location relationship ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
The southwest side of the field is a sports area. Adjacent areas have continued this lively characteristic. The “Island Square” on the northeast side is a vibrant urban space. The “Observation Deck” combines the characteristics of the canal to provide game possibilities. In the hydrophilic space of the riverside steps, the tranquil atmosphere provided by the canal branches is fully utilized. Lohmuehlen Avenue is the only way to cross the island, and the design of the boulevard optimizes the experience of pedestrians and cyclists. The moat is the node connecting the island and Gritz Park.
Site plan ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
标志性入口 | Iconic entrance
Giant seats are vertically displayed on the northeast side of the venue. Berlin’s fast bikers can see the entrance to this iconic park from a distance, slowing down in advance. The direction of the seat guides visitors from the Spree River through the Island Plaza to the Gritz Park. The unique shape of the benches will surely be favored by skateboarding and other extreme sports enthusiasts in vibrant Berlin. Such diversification of use is also what we expect. Considering the maintenance of the facility, we installed wear-resistant steel plates on the edges of the benches.
Giant seat at the entrance ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
岛屿 | Island
Part of the former parking lot on the northwest side of the area. The blue paving and undulating terrain reminded the owner of the change in the purpose of the site and prevented the car from entering again. Such a direct change of behavior is more direct and effective than enclosing the venue and placing warning signs. The slightly undulating ground is shaped by asphalt, with blue EPDM as a protective layer. This design uses terrain to limit the speed of cyclists and inline skaters. At the same time, a wide view is reserved for the narrow venue. The blue paving and white ripples echo the location of the site-the riverside of the canal, full of personality. The concise structure achieves the diversity of functions, behind which lies the designer’s ingenuity.
Simple shape and versatile ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Children playing in “waves” ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Waves and autumn leaves ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
河畔阶梯 | Riverside stairs
By slowing down the slope and widening the steps, the ramp forms a viewing step. The tranquil atmosphere of the river is thus fully utilized, providing visitors with another place to stop. At the same time, this setting forms a road network that diverges from upper to lower and lowers the crowded traffic on the road. Considering the passage of light obstacles, slopes are set on both sides of the stairs to facilitate the up and down of bicycles and children’s vehicles. Taking into account the cold winter, visitors lean on the railings by the river and install wooden handrails on the railings along the river. In this way, the coffee cup that you carry with you can also be placed on it steadily, and the detailed design fully considers the daily use scene.
Riverside stairs ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Residents fishing by the river ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
闸区瞭望台 | Observation Deck
The Observation Deck in the sluice area is a game space with rich site characteristics. On the platform on the canal bank, the children move up and down the “flag” device, interacting with the ships passing by in the game. You can also use the horns on the shore to speak to the “crew”.
Flags on the lookout platform ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Red trumpet ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
林荫道 | Boulevard
The street trees planted on the boulevard brought shade. The staggered speed bars make the rider have to bypass to avoid bumps, thus limiting the speed. The large-size slate paving highlights the cleanliness of the boulevard.
Pedestrians first, beware of “waves” ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Cyclist decelerating around ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Speed down bar details ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
护城河河畔 | On the banks of the moat
The Ernst Hellmann wooden trestle bridge spans the moat and connects Gritz Park and South Lohmuehleninsel Park. The “Blue Hour” stands on a small open square on the southwest side. This special seat is covered with silhouettes of the city of Gritz in blue and white. It reminds people that the famous Gritz Park is not far away.
People staying here ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
detail of the “Blue Hour” ©REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
项目设计 & 完成年份: 2010年
主创及设计团队: S. Fauck; M. Hoffmann; C. Eberts
建筑面积: 6.5 公顷
摄影版权: REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Project name: Lohmuehleninsel Park
Design: Rehwaldt Landscape Architects
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Design year & Completion Year: 2010
Leader designer & Team: S. Fauck; M. Hoffmann; C. Eberts
Project location: Berlin, Germany
Gross Built Area (square meters): 6.5 ha
Photo credits: REHWALDT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
Clients Bezirksamt Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg von Berlin