Singapore Pavilion at Expo Dubai by WOHA

A sustainable oasis in the desert

Project Specs


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Appreciation towards WOHA for providing the following description:


Singapore’s Urban Redevelopment Authority appointed WOHA to design the Singapore Pavilion for the 2020 World Expo, Dubai. The Expo officially opens its doors to the public on 1 October 2021 and will run until 31 March 2022. The Singapore Pavilion will welcome visitors into a sustainable oasis in the desert that integrates nature, innovation and architecture and encapsulates Singapore’s vision of becoming a City in Nature.

▼项目概览,overall of the Singapore Pavilion © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai


The pavilion is a prototype that demonstrates how the built environment can co-exist with nature. It also mirrors Singapore’s story of thriving in a challenging environment, and, just like land-limited Singapore, the pavilion sits on one of the smallest plots of the Expo but makes an impactful statement despite its size.

▼展馆入口,Entrance © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai


To maximise the usable site area, the design takes a layered approach, stacking multiple levels and functions on top of each other. Visitors will go on an experiential journey by following the canopy walk that meanders through the pavilion’s multiple levels while being surrounded by verdant palms, trees, shrubs and vibrant orchids.

▼展馆室内概览,View of Canopy Walk © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼空中步道,Canopy Walk © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼漫步在空中步道宛如置身真实的雨林之中,passing through the canopy walk is like being in a real rainforest © Quentin Sim


The Hanging Garden as well as three thematic cones that are draped in vertical greenery add to this immersive, three-dimensional biophilic experience. The Singapore Pavilion houses over 170 varieties of plants which will grow to be even more dense and lush over the Expo period. Besides giving visitors a beautiful biophilic experience, the plants provide measurable ecosystem services like solar heat reduction, sequestration of greenhouse gases, reduction of other pollutants such as PM10 particles, oxygen production, rainwater remediation as well as providing habitats for animals.

▼多层次的绿化,Multi-layered greenery © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼底层花园,Ground Garden © Quentin Sim

▼身临其境的亲自然体验,An immersive, close experience of nature© Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼沿轨道移动的监测机器人,Climbing robot in action © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼垂直绿化系统,Thematic cones © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

▼由底层花园看空中步道,viewing the canopy walk from the ground garden © Quentin Sim

▼雨林主题锥形展区内部,Rainforest Cone © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai


The Open Sky Market platform at the top level is a place for congregation and engagement and is topped by a solar canopy which shelters the pavilion from the elements and generates electricity. The Singapore Pavilion is net-zero in its energy usage and produces its own electricity with its solar canopy that shelters the entire structure. It uses an efficient solar reverse-osmosis desalination system to meet its water needs. To reduce the usage of energy and other resources, passive strategies like natural cross-ventilation, sun-shading and planting were implemented to create comfortable climate for visitors to enjoy and plants to thrive in.

▼顶层露天开放市场论坛展区,Arena at Sky Market © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai


Through exhibits and experiences, the Singapore Pavilion shows how we can build resilient, self- sufficient, biophilic, friendly yet highly functional structures that co-exist with nature. The design strategies can be adapted to suit different climates, geographies and can be scaled up to district or even city level. Our climate crisis shows us that the impact of human actions on the planet cannot be ignored, and that urgent action needs to be taken. This reinforces the aspirations of the SG Pavilion: to design a different future and to create a sustainable, resilient environment in which humans co-exist with nature.

▼城市主题展区多媒体秀,City Cone multimedia show © Singapore Pavilion, Expo 2020 Dubai

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