Shanghai Oriental Sports Center by gmp

Lightweight membrane shelter interpreting the undulating shape of the adjacent lake

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Opening of the Shanghai Oriental Sports Center
FINA World Swimming Championships, 16th – 31st July

The Shanghai Oriental Sports Center (SOSC) will be opening for the 14th FINA World Swimming Championships from 16th to 31st July 2011. The sports complex was designed and built by architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp), who won the competitive bidding in 2008, and constructed it in under two and a half years. It consists of a hall stadium for several sports and cultural events, a natatorium (swimming hall), an outdoor swimming pool and a media centre. In keeping with a sustainable urban development policy, the SOSC was built on former industrial brownfield land along the Huangpu River. The individual venues are designed so that after the Swimming Championships, they can be used for a variety of other purposes.

Water is the overarching theme of both the park and the architecture of the stadiums and the media centre. It is the connecting element between the buildings, which stand on raised platforms in specially constructed lakes. Thus the round stadiums have a curved lakeside shore round them, while the rectangular Natatorium has a straight lakeside shore. Design affinities and a shared formal idiom and use of materials give the three stadiums structural unity. The steel structures of broad arches with large-format triangular elements made of coated aluminium sheet form double-sided curved surfaces along the frame of the sub-structures, thus evoking sails in the wind. Hall stadium

During the FINA World Swimming Championships, pool events and synchronized swimming championships will take place in the Hall Stadium, which later can be used for boxing matches, basketball, badminton or ice-hockey matches and concerts. The hall has a crowd-capacity of 14,000, which can be increased to 18,000 by the use of mobile seating.

The main structure of the closed building with a round ground plan consists of reinforced concrete, while the roof is a steel structure with a 170m span with aluminium cladding. The parallel steel girders create 35m-high arcades and include the glass façades of the encircling open foyer. Natatorium

The Natatorium contains four pools arrayed in a row: two standard-sized, one for diving and a leisure pool. It has over 3,500 fixed seats, which will be expanded to 5,000 for the world championships, to meet FINA requirements.

The swimming hall is a closed building with a rectangular ground plan, a main structure of reinforced concrete and a roof structure of sectional steel girders. The roof structure with triangular glass surfaces is around 210m long, 120m wide and 22m high. Direct, intrusive sunlight is forestalled by means of narrow toplights along the beams, without preventing natural daylighting. Outdoor pool

This swimming complex is located in the open on an artificial island and offers 2,000 fixed stadium seats. For the World Swimming Championships and other outstanding events, capacity will be increased to 5,000 seats. The competition-size diving pool and diving towers are complemented by a competition pool.

As in the other stadiums, the roof structure with its external diameter of c. 130m reflects the round ground-plan of the shell of the building. The inner diameter is around 90m. The roof trusses are carried by the building structure. A lightweight membrane between the modules provides protection against sun and rain. Media centre

The 80m high high-rise building is on the northern side of the sports complex. Its 15 floors include a fitness centre, conference rooms and medical care centre, plus VIP and office areas. Because of the even 8.4m grid, the building can be used flexibly. With its external shell of white, perforated aluminium panels, the building interprets the undulating shape of the adjacent lake.

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上海东方体育中心

日前正在举行7月16日至7月31日的14届国际游泳竞标赛。来自德国的gmp事务所在2008年赢得这个项目的投标,在随后的两年半时间里,体育中心被建好,这里包括一个游泳馆,室外游泳池,一个媒体中心还有一个体育文化综合设施。上海体育中心用地在黄浦江沿岸的老工业用地上,其设计的符合可持续性发展策略,在赛后,其场地能做其它多用途使用。

水是体育中心

建筑及主题公园的主要元素,联系着各个建筑,圆形的体育馆临湖形成圆弧的岸线,矩形的体育场临湖形成笔直的岸线。设计成功的使用材料和并展现其亲和力,同时将这三个场馆统一。建筑钢结构框架形成的大面三角形双曲面铝板涂层外表皮宛若在风中扬起的帆。Hall体育场世界游泳竞标赛和花样游泳竞标赛都在这里进行,塞克这里可用于篮球,羽毛球,冰球比赛,以及开展音乐会。大厅容量为1万4千人,加上临时移动作为可容纳1万8千人。主体结构与地面是混凝土,屋顶跨度达170米,钢结构,外覆铝。平行的钢梁在玻璃幕包围的开放式大堂处创造出高度达35米的空间。

游泳馆

这里有四个泳池,两种标准尺寸,跳水池或戏水池。提供超过3500座固定座,比赛时提升至5000座以符合国际泳联要求。游泳馆长方形平面,主体结构为钢筋混凝土,屋顶结构为钢结构。长210米,宽120米,22米高的屋顶以三角面形成组合,同时做了防止阳光直射考虑。

室外游泳池

位于人工岛上的室外游泳池提供2000座位置,在比赛时可将座位提升至5000位容量。建筑外壳直径为130米,内部直径为90米,屋顶采用了轻拉膜,以防止观众席风吹日晒。媒体中心位于体育中心北侧,高达80米,共15层,包含健身中心,会议室,医疗中心,贵宾区,办公区。采用8.4米柱网,可以灵活的使用。外表面上的白色穿孔铝板形成与附近湖面相呼应的波浪起伏的形状。

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Competition 2008 – 1st prize
Design Meinhard von Gerkan and Nikolaus Goetze with Magdalene Weiss
Project leader Chen Ying
Staff team Jan Blasko, Lü Cha, Lü Miao, Jörn Ortmann, Sun Gaoyang, Yan Lüji, Jin Zhan, Fang
Hua, Martin Friedrich, Fu Chen, Ilse Gull, Kong Rui, Lin Yi, Katrin Löser, Ren Yunping, Alexander
Schober, Nina Svensson, Tian Jinghai, Zhang Yan, Zhou Yunkai, Zhu Honghao
Structural engineers schlaich bergermann and partners
Internal installations ARUP
Landscaping WES & Partner
Chinese partner firm SIADR, Tongji Design Institute
Capacity, hall stadium 18,000 seats
Natatorium 5,000 seats
Outdoor swimming pool 5,000 seats
Client Shanghai Administration of Sports
Construction 2009–2011

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