Safezone Shelter by Shma

Revitalizing Bangkok into a sustainable city that every inhabitant can take a deep breath

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“安全地带”展亭(Safezone Shelter)坐落在邮政大楼前方,是2020年曼谷设计周期间展出的一座临时建筑。设计的目的是为人们提供纯净的空气和舒适的环境,同时增强人们对空气污染的认知——这也是当今社会所普遍关注的问题。

Situated in front of the Grand Postal Building during Bangkok Design Week 2020, Safezone Shelter is an ephemeral intervention, aiming to purify air and provide comfort for people, while also raising awareness about “air pollution,” which becomes a critical concern for many societies.

▼展亭外观,exterior view ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

根据2019年的世界空气质量指数调查,曼谷的空气污染指数超过WHO平均水平的天数占据全年的54%,受影响人数超过了全国的三分之一。此外,由于城市中存在大量硬景观和缺乏绿色空间的摩天大楼,曼谷一直面临着城市热岛效应的问题。尽管如此,被联合国教科文组织评选为“设计创意城市”的曼谷,借设计周的机会创造了一个实验性的空间,希望可以为联合国的第11项可持续发展目标(可持续城市和社区)做出贡献。

▼空气污染问题,Air Pollution Problem ©Shma

▼设计原理,Design Principles ©Shma

Looking at Bangkok, according to the World Air Quality Index of 2019, it has 54% of total days in a year in which particulate matter (PM) was measured over WHO’s standard level, threatening over one-third of inhabitants. The city has also constantly been facing “Urban Heat Island Effect” from a large amount of hardscape and skyscrapers with inadequate green space. Nonetheless, as Bangkok was selected by UNESCO Creative Cities Network as “Creative City of Design,” it’s a good opportunity to create an experimental space in order to achieve a better city and United Nations (UN)’s Sustainable Development Goal No.11.

▼展亭内部空间,internal space ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

展亭的设计受到了“云”的启发,以未来派的有机形式呈现出来,给人以洁净而清新的感受。种植与工程技术的结合则为展亭带来了适宜的微气候。

空气质量是实现良好室内环境的一个需要悉心控制的因素。首先,高温且不洁的空气被风扇抽入室内,几排树木和灌木会捕获尘土和颗粒,地表植被则能够吸收有毒物质。之后,经过预先过滤的空气将从尘土过滤板和散热板通过,最后变成洁净的微风。

▼布局和功能示意,Programs and Function ©Shma

▼空气过滤系统示意,Air Filtration System ©Shma

Inspired by “cloud,” the pavilion was designed in a futuristic organic form, depicting a clean refreshing atmosphere, while also forming a pleasant Microclimate by equipping vegetation and engineering technology together.

Air quality is a factor needed to be carefully controlled to keep good air inside. First, hot dirty air is pulled inside by a fan, passes through rows of trees and shrubs which capture dusty particles, as well as ground-covering plants which absorb toxic substances. After that, the pre-filtered wind will flow through the dust filter plate and the cooling plate consequently, and come out as a purified breeze at the end.

▼种植前的展亭空间,the pavilion space before planting ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

在室内的舒适度方面,设计采用了多种技术将展亭的内部温度控制在22-29摄氏度之间,与泰国的热带气候相适应。风扇被用于排放热气和制造气流;结构外部包覆的尼龙布为内部带来了柔和的光线,不仅可以保护眼睛,还可以起到调节湿度的作用,使湿度保持在50-70%的范围内。除此之外,植物的天然芬芳和模仿自然元素(微风、水和鸟鸣)的环境音乐为漫步的人们提供了舒缓放松的体验。

As providing comfort is also another important circumstance, various techniques are adopted to keep the shelter’s interior temperature at around 22-29 degree Celsius, suitable for Thailand’s tropical climate. They include using fans to release heat and create air flow, wrapping Nylon clothes around the structure to get an interior light with diffused blurry effect – friendly for our eyes, and operating the humidifier to maintain 50-70% humidity level. In addition, natural scents from plants, and experimental music – made up of nature-like sounds (breeze, water, birds) is employed to provide a soothing experience while walking inside the pavilion.

▼置入绿植和技术设备的展亭空间,the pavilion space with planting and equipment ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

▼外部包覆的尼龙布为内部带来了柔和的光线,wrapping Nylon clothes around the structure to get an interior light with diffused blurry effect ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

该项目采用的创新技术还可以被进一步采用到其他用于应对空气污染的设计当中。例如,从个体的层面看,可以设计配备有便携式空气过滤器的服装,让使用者随时随地被新鲜空气包围;从城市的尺度看,公共汽车站、高速公路和天桥下的休闲空间都可以借此技术得到净化并重获活力;甚至是传统的高层建筑,也可能被具有空气净化能力的新式塔楼所替代。

All of these inventive methods could further be applied to solve air pollution in other kinds of design. At an individual level, a personal mobile suit equipped with a portable air filter could be manufactured, allowing users to move around refreshed. Looking wider at an urban scale, bus stops, recreational space under expressways and skywalks also have a potential to be revitalized with such purification systems. At the end, even high-rise buildings might become old-fashioned when a better choice like an air purifier tower could be constructed.

▼夜间灯光效果,light effect by night ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

“安全地带”可以被视为一个受益于自然物种和技术进步的起始项目,它将为曼谷的可持续发展做出贡献,使每个居民都能够在城市中畅快呼吸。

In conclusion, Safezone Shelter might be seen as a starting point on gaining such benefit from natural species and technological advancement, in order to revitalize Bangkok into a sustainable city that every inhabitant can take a deep breath.

▼展亭结构细部,pavilion detailed view ©Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

▼未来使用场景,Future Scenario ©Shma

▼平面图,plan ©Shma

▼纵剖面图,longitudinal section ©Shma

▼横剖面图,cross section ©Shma

Project name: Safezone Shelter
Website: https://shmadesigns.com/
Contact e-mail: pr@shmadesigns.com
Design year & Completion Year DEC 2019 – FEB 2020, Completed in 2020
Leader designer & Team:
Design Director: Yossapon Boonsom
Landscape Architect:
Katavet Sittikit
Phat Chapanon
Thita Cherdkiadtikul
Rattapong Luangpiansamut
Chisanucha Ravinantapreecha
Nattapreeya Worawicharwong
Horticulturist:
Montakran Poonsang
Suphannipha khamma
Graphic Designer: Montree Sommut
Content: Onkamon Nilanon
Project location: Grand Postal Office, Bangrak, Bangkok
Gross Built Area (square meters): 150
Photo credits: Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Partners Consultants: Asst. Prof. Dr.Prapat Pongkiatkul, Head of the Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT)
Collaborators:
Construction team : D63
Planting: M.J. Gardens Co., Ltd.
Sound design: VWW
Lighting support: Lighting & Equipment PLC.
Planting support: Public Park Division, Department of Environment, BMA
Interior media support: NYLON Silent Disco
Clients: Creative Economy Agency (CEA)

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