The reconstruction and expansion project of Jiaxing library follows the design principles of harmonious dialogue and dialectical unity between the newly built part and the original building in the fields of form, space, material and color, and strives to echo and coordinate with the original library building and surrounding buildings.
▼图书馆外观，exterior view ©王大丑 俞淳流
▼鸟瞰图，aerial view ©王大丑 俞淳流
Jiaxing library reconstruction and expansion project is located in the east of “Qiyi” square, west of Haiyantang River, south of Nanxi road and north of Central South Road. The “Qiyi square takes water as the core and is connected with the new museum of Nanhu revolution memorial hall, Jiaxing administrative center, Jiaxing gymnasium, Jiaxing Museum and library through the square. With the completion of Nanhu revolution memorial hall and Qiyi square, the surrounding area of the square has become an important landmark landscape area in Jiaxing City and will become the leisure and entertainment of Jiaxing citizens in the future. Therefore, higher requirements are put forward for the architectural and landscape environment of the eastern cultural center, so the original library needs to be reconstructed and expanded.
▼新老建筑对比，original & new structures
It is a challenging subject to carry out the library reconstruction and expansion project in the Qiyi square, the cultural core of Jiaxing. The Qiyi square is the representative of the city’s political image, and the core building of the square, Nanhu Revolutionary History Museum, also has a strong historical color. Therefore, our design should not only connect the past but also lead to the future, highlight the surrounding historical buildings, and reflect the innovative spirit of the times, so that the solemn sense of history radiates new charm in the new era.
At the beginning of the design, the design team made a clear positioning for Jiaxing Library: the architectural form is elegant and dignified, the interior space is rich and changeable, the design endows the humanistic atmosphere, and displays the unique cultural spirit. In the overall design of the site, special attention is paid to the landscape surface facing the “Qiyi” square. The original relatively independent scattered facade is transformed into an integral, regular and partially flexible facade layout, and the cultural texture of the area is reconstituted, so that the beautiful scenery of the building and the Waterscape square complement each other and are harmonious and unified with the natural environment.
▼建筑近景，a close view to the library ©王大丑 俞淳流
▼道路视角，view from the runway ©王大丑 俞淳流
The design combines with the old library and keeps the original main entrance and secondary entrance unchanged. According to the current situation and planning requirements of the base, the reconstruction and expansion part of the library is designed as a U-shaped plane, which is close to the south of the old library. An inward courtyard is designed at the transition position between the old library and the new library, so as to minimize the impact on the lighting of the old library building and increase the indoor landscape. The placement of U-shaped block design makes the extended building and the original building form an enclosed courtyard pattern, thus forming a rich courtyard ring corridor space.
▼鸟瞰，可以看见扩建部分的U形体块，aerial view: the reconstruction and expansion part of the library is designed as a U-shaped plane ©王大丑 俞淳流
In terms of internal function, it makes full use of the landscape elements around the base and brings the natural landscape of the central waterscape and the West leisure square into the reconstructed and expanded library and completes a scaling from large to small. Using the existing traffic facilities and terrain conditions, the library extension design and the original building to build an enclosed space, give full play to the advantages of the existing natural landscape, introduce it into the building, and create a pleasant space full of cultural and artistic flavor.
▼建筑西立面，west facade ©王大丑 俞淳流
建筑立面设计 | Facade Design
Facing the West facade of the “Qiyi” square, we designed it as a form of regular arrangement of vertical components. The vertical lines bring people a strong sense of classical order and highlight the memorial and historical sense of cultural buildings. At the same time, the design of vertical lines helps to reduce the influence of the western sun caused by the longer facade of the building and can also produce rich and elegant lighting effects. The North facade of the extension part adjacent to the original building retains the complete wall surface, and the vertical long windows are arranged at random to combine the virtual and the real. The facade material adopts rich texture stone hanging plate, glass and aluminum plate to achieve the harmonious and unified effect with the original building facade material.
▼立面材料采用富有纹理的石材挂板、玻璃与铝板，stone hanging plates, glass and aluminum plates are used in the facade ©王大丑 俞淳流
▼竖向的线条带来强烈的古典秩序感，同时有助于减少西晒影响，the design of vertical lines bring a strong sense of classical order, and also help to reduce the influence of the western sun ©王大丑 俞淳流
景观设计 | Landscape Design
We try our best to keep the main entrance square and green space of the old library. The green space is divided into large and small outdoor environment by buildings and roads. The library introduces the waterscape of the “Qiyi” square into the interior of the building through the virtual space of large courtyard and large area of glass. Through the blend of the building and green trees in the distance, the building and the environment penetrate each other, and the aura runs through. The enclosed courtyard design and the virtual reality on the building facade make the whole museum in a natural environment full of green, harmonious and peaceful.
▼绿地被建筑及道路分隔成大大小小的室外环境，the green space is divided into large and small outdoor environment by buildings and roads ©王大丑 俞淳流
▼北侧绿地，green area on the north side ©王大丑 俞淳流
结语 | Epilogue
At the same time, the integration of the historical Plaza and the expansion project of the South Lake will make it more integrated with the history of the museum. At the architectural level, the function of the renovation and expansion scheme is effectively expanded. The U-shaped blocks are interspersed and enclosed, and the virtual and real facade relationship is treated. The library can meet the needs of the city for the new era cultural buildings from all aspects. The scenery of waterscape Plaza flows into each space of the library through the shell composed of cement, glass and stone. To effectively improve the architectural quality and meet the vision of the city – to create a cultural and contemporary place for communication and activities.
▼夜景，night view ©王大丑 俞淳流
项目设计 & 完成年份：设计2007.02 竣工2019.05
Project name：Reconstruction and expansion project of Jiaxing library
Design：STI DESIGN STUDIO & ZHEJIANG PROVINCE INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND RESEARCH
Design year & Completion Year start of construction-2017.02
start of operation-2019.05
Leader designer & Team：Luofeng Qin, Jin Zhang, Xibang Zhang, Chunliu Yu
Project location：339 Haiyantang Road, Nanhu District, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, China
Gross Built Area：25991.59square meters
Photo credits：Dachou Wang，Chunliu Yu