普陀山正山门客运中心,浙江舟山 / 浙江大学建筑设计研究院




感谢 浙江大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 予 gooood 分享以下内容。更多关于:Architectural Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University on gooood
Appreciation towards Architectural Design and Research Institute of Zhejiang University for providing the following description: 


In the era of internationalization and globalization, products we use and even our thoughts have been separated from local languages and cultures. The world is increasingly becoming “virtual” and “flat”.

▼场地与周边环境,Site and surrounding environment ©赵强


For architecture, globalization has brought advanced construction approaches and optimal materials, but at the same time caused anxiety and loss of identity. We think that modern architecture needs to reincorporate local context and cultural elements, reactivate the spirit of the site and balance internationalization and localization, so as to realize diversified architectural designs in the future.

▼顶视图,Aerial view ©赵强


The project is located on Mount Putuo Island, Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province. As the sole public port of the Putuo Mountain Scenic Area, it integrates dock area, ticket office, tourist distribution square, ship waiting area and other functional sections. The scenic area receives more than 12 million visitors each year, but the former passenger transportation center was too cramped to accommodate the increasing number of tourists.

▼码头旧照,Old pier © 洪涛

▼建筑形体生成过程,Architectural form generation process © UAD

▼自码头到白华山的视觉体系,Sight line from the pier to Baihua Mountain © UAD


Given the historical and ecological value of the site, we maintained the original layout where the entrance and the exit were respectively set on east and west sides, in order to continue the operation mode of the pier. Besides, we built an extended platform towards the sea as the foundation of the new passenger transportation center. Meanwhile, the area occupied by the original passenger center was transformed into a front square, which not only extended the indoor and outdoor spaces but also guaranteed normal operation of the wharf during the construction period.

▼客运中心与广场整体鸟瞰,Aerial view of passenger transportation center and square ©赵强


The architectural design breaks with the large volume and iconic image of conventional transportation facilities. From south to north, the sight line is gradually lifted from the long corridor above the sea to the gentle pitched roof and finally reaches distant mountains. In east-west direction, all architectural volumes are integrated into a whole. The entrance hall, exit hall and other auxiliary spaces are parallel with each other but are given different depths, and the two wings are set back to minimize the obstruction of sight line. Through organizing the spatial pattern in such manner, we created a loose yet low-profile architectural gesture, and turned the pier into a transitional space as well as starting point for Buddhist worship on the island.

▼古码头与新码头,Old and new piers ©赵强


Modular units are combined with traditional architectural languages, to reduce the overall volume and produce the “five layers” of traditional Chinese architectural system: bracket, bay, courtyard, building and city. As bracket loses its function for modern architecture, bay has become the smallest module.

▼自广场看客运中心,View of passenger transportation center from the square ©赵强


The large span of the structural system in east-west direction perfectly supports the idea of taking bay as the smallest module, which enables the integration of the modern architecture and local traditions. Bay modules lay the foundation of the architectural form. Different bays are coordinated based on functions, with single bays or combinations of several bays shaping various spaces with distinct scales. Column grids and roofs correspond to bays, together forming the “building”.

▼起伏的建筑屋面,Undulating rooftops ©赵强


Building modules can be expressed by different languages and ways. The method of collage can enrich both the form and meaning of the building structure. It enables the juxtaposition of different materials, colors and scales, and what we had to do was to achieve balance among those elements based on sensibility. Through subtly adjusting the relative positions among bays and enclosing them, “courtyards” were formed. With different sizes, those courtyards bring natural landscape into the building.

▼游客中心主入口,Main entrance of tourist center ©赵强

▼建筑局部,Partial view of the building ©赵强


Modern architecture is international yet “invasive”. However, it shall also embrace regionalism and localization. Only in this way, can a balanced relationship between purity and the site’s cultural context be established, and can the building become natural and significant. More importantly, only such kind of “balanced architecture” can truly resonate with people.

▼游客中心室内大厅,Hall of the tourist center ©赵强

▼夜景,night view ©赵强

▼总平面图,master plan ©UAD

▼一层平面图,first floor plan ©UAD

▼二层平面图,second floor plan ©UAD

▼屋顶平面图,roof plan ©UAD

▼立面图,elevations ©UAD

▼剖面图,sections ©UAD

项目地点:浙江 舟山

Project name: Putuo Mountain New Passenger Transportation Center
Location: Zhoushan, Zhejiang, China
Area: 10,782㎡
Completion time: June 2020
Design firm: The Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co., Ltd. (UAD) (www.zuadr.com)
Architectural design: Shen Xiaoming, Chen Xuefeng, Hong Tao
Structural design: Liu Guomin, Chen Wei
Water supply & drainage design: Wang Tiefeng, Tang Yu
HVAC system: Fu Shaofeng
MEP design: Yuan Songlin, Ding Xinye
Smart design: Jiang bing, Zhang Wubo
Curtain wall design: Shi Jiongjiong, Hong Chao, Wang Jieneng
Decoration design: Fang Yu, Peng Wenhui, Luo Baozhen
Landscape design: Huang Lu, Shu Hong, Zhang Beibei
Floodlighting design: Pang Xiaoxiao, Lu Danyu, Xiao Shuzheng
Construction economist: Wang Yunfeng
Photography: Zhao Qiang

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