Aknaibich is a town in transition: the eastern old town is made of earthen constructions, sinusoid roads and narrow alleys, while the western part exists of modern, plot-based concrete houses built by rural-urban emigrants. In need of educational infrastructure, Goodplanet foundation presided by French photograher Yann-Arthus Bertrand aims to install a preschool with bioclimatic functioning, as an extension to the existing concrete school building in the modern part of town.
After a workshop with the Aknaibich community, it was seen fit to be inspired by the old town, and hence to create a dialogue with the existing modern school infrastructure. It’s style could be called a new vernacular, inspired on local typologies, materials and techniques, while at the same time having a contemporary look, performant bio-climatic functioning and earthquake proof design.
▼以当地村镇的建筑形态为设计灵感，the architecture is inspired by the old town
The preschool of Aknaibich has traditionally inclined foundations of locally sourced nature stone, with adobe walls, a wood-and-earth flat roof and rammed earth enclosure walls. The exterior finishing is done with a “tamelass” render, a mix of 2 earths, straw and sand, while the interior finishing is made of polished “nouss-nouss”, a “half-half” of earth and gypsum to create a breathable interior plaster which diffuses indirect sunlight. The east and west façades which have harsh low-sun impacts are doubled-up with a cavity wall for insulation, while the south façade has deep, small windows and a big thermal mass, making the building cool during the day, but warmer through the night until the morning. The north façade has been maximally opened up with glass doors to allow indirect sunlight to enter the room.
▼以天然石材作为建筑基底，traditionally inclined foundations of locally sourced nature stone
▼用土砖墙、泥土屋面和夯土围墙作为结构部件，adobe walls, a wood-and-earth flat roof and rammed earth enclosure walls composed the architecture
▼庭院入口，entrance of the courtyard
▼庭院景象，view of the courtyard
The classroom links to the playground just outside, which can be read as the playground for the smaller ones (3-6 years) as opposed to the bigger courtyard serving the rest of the school students. This playground has a pergola with playing and sitting infrastructure, which can be used as an external classroom for storytelling and other activities.
▼带凉棚的户外游乐场，the playground has a pergola with playing and sitting infrastructure
▼教室与庭院直接相连，the classroom directly connected to the courtyard
▼教室内部采用泥土和石膏混合物来制造漫反射光， the interior finishing is made of earth and gypsum to create a breathable interior plaster which diffuses indirect sunlight
As a site implementation, the preschool borders the school plot, hence defining the site without the explicit use of compound walls. It is neatly located in between three existing argan trees, which are important to preserve in the quite deforestated new part of town. By following the grid-like layout of the existing school rooms, the Preschool of Aknaibich creates an interesting juxtaposition of the ‘new vernacular’ next to the ‘existing modern’, maybe inspiring the way forward for future constructions within the community of Aknaibich.
Project Description: Preschool of Aknaibich
Location: Aknaibich (Morocco)
Client: Community of Aknaibich trough the Goodplanet Foundation
Architect: BC architects + MAMOTH
Local material consultancy: BC studies + MAMOTH
Community participation and organisation: BC studies, MAMOTH and the foundation Goodplanet
Cooperation: Frank Stabel, Thomas Joos, Alina Negru, Carole Fournier and Elisabetta Carnevale
Financial support: Private funds managed by the foundation Goodplanet
Budget: 25 000 €
surface: 55m2 building + 160m2 landscaping