A bosom friend afar brings distant land near. The Oversea album shares the lives of Chinese living abroad with all. The No.91 episode is about Na Wang who graduated from GSD and is now working for SWA Group.
Why going abroad?
Grew up in a family with interior design and construction business, I had the opportunity to experience the design field when I was a child. Later on, the study of urban planning in Peking University built up my knowledge of geological, ecological, and economical system about our living environment. Following with the internship experience at a couple design firms, which I was involved with landscape design projects, and the landscape design studio of Prof. Kongjian Yu, I developed my interested in landscape architecture. The experience in China, together with my travelling abroad lead me to exploring more diversified design theories and more diversified social and cultural backgrounds.
What impressed you the most when you are abroad?
There was an interesting photography project, which required each of us to get involved with a local restaurant and document their business. I chose a small American Cafe near Harvard Plaza, and filming their everyday business. From the nervousness of meeting strangers, and taking photos of them, it took me two months to get used to be relax as a photographer, and became good friends with the owner and even familiar with the production process of their menu. After discussing more about my documentary ideas, I get to know the owner is not only doing his Cafe business, but also has his own dream to be an artist. He tried to do his own music and film his own documentary. The way he treats himself as a normal business owner but live a life full of vigorousness and the love to try new things is so inspiring to me.
What do you miss the most about China?
The living environment, and the cultural atmosphere. It is the familiar feeling, at the moment I’m back walking on the old streets that I grew up with, that touched me deeply. A kind of relaxation, as if I’ve always been here. Certainly, this is also related to all my families, friends that are always waiting for me in my hometown. Thus, I’m strongly attached to my hometown.
Will you come back China? Why?
I’ve been thinking about this for a long time, and would think it is too early to make up my mind. My current work provide me lots of opportunities with both local and China landscape design projects, which makes me feel connected with China. The domestic design field in China has a promising future. There are more and more cities looking at improving the urban space quality through landscape design. I would work abroad for a couple of years, but eventually want to go back to my hometown as a landscape architect.
Is it more distinct to view China in a different environment after going abroad? Any thought?
I can’t say it is more clear, but definitely with more perspectives to the same problem. Before going abroad, the domestic atmosphere and social backgrounds impact is inherent, which makes me seeing things with a default logic. Nowadays, with experience abroad, those impacts are still there, but it combines with diverse perspectives. I’m not treating any voices as pron or con, however, I feel more objective to accept different voices and trying to understand them.
What makes the curriculum of your school different from other architecture schools?
“Freedom Ideological System and Incorporate Things of Diverse Nature”, This has been the guiding principle for Peking University. The Urban Planning major at College of Urban and Environmental Science was rooted in geological geography. Thus, it not only has a solid education of urban planning and urban design, but also has a rigorous training system of environment, geography and ecology. There are also design studios such as landscape design.The university’s dual-degree electives and various associations and organizations offer a variety of possibilities for personal development.
Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD) has the similar education approach. The definition of major is clear but somehow interweaving with each other. In the first few semesters of required courses, students will be exposed to a very solid knowledge of landscape design related to ecological vegetation, topography and grading, design philosophy, landscape history and so on. Afterwards, students with different professional backgrounds can choose the same design studio, and there are many opportunities to choose courses of other departments and schools.
What are the characteristics and interesting points of your firm?
With two years working at SWA group, I quickly accumulated experience of practical landscape design. .Project locations range from local Texas to middle eastern countries, together with many Chinese projects. The projects including urban public park, campus design, commercial landscape design, large-scale waterfront landscape design, etc. At the same time, there are also urban planning, transportation master plan related projects. Working at SWA provides me with great opportunities with research, planning, design, and construction. Moreover, office culture is full of vitality, we are encouraged to speak up our ideas, and explore different methods of design practice.
Who is your favorite artist (in wider range such as art, music, movie)? What is the influence?
I began to learn Chinese calligraphy from Mr. Xiao yi since four years old. With years of professional study, my in-depth understanding of the art of calligraphy and my learning of traditional Chinese culture have exerted an inherent influence on my personality. The works by different calligraphers in different dynasty throughout history also extent my understanding of the cultural background of each period. I am particularly fascinated by Wang Xizhi, and Mifu, whose calligraphy not only shows the art of writing, but also reflect their spirits and attitudes towards Chinese culture and grand landscape. Living abroad, I still keep practicing calligraphy, trying to calm down from everyday life, and seeking for inspirations through this unique medium of ink painting and calligraphy.
What fascinates viewers the most in your portfolio in your opinion?
My design include projects with varies scales from urban planning to a small landscape structure design. In terms of the design concept, I’ve been looking for social phenomenon of each site, and trying to use landscape design as a media that can guide different stakeholders to experience the space and create conversation with the land.
When did you start to follow gooood? Any suggestions?
Ever since 2012, I start to gain interests in design industry. And really appreciate design website like gooood, that provide all kinds of information. There are more and more new sections of that publish ideas and experience from designers all over the world. Wish there would be more interesting and inspiring panels created for both fellow designers and non-professional.
W O R K
A City is not a tree
Instructor: Pablo Pérez-Ramos
Teammate: Lane Rubin
The site is located in South Boston, MA. The land belonging to the South End has been part of the city of Boston since its creation, though at the time of first settlement it was much smaller and surrounded by large tidal flats. The neighborhood was expanded and developed by filling in the marshlands.
▼总平面图，overall site plan
Observation and Research
1965年，克里斯托弗·亚历山大(Christopher Alexander)写了《城市不是一棵树》(A City is not A Tree)，他在书中批评了类似于希伯赛默(Hilberseimer)的城市秩序，这些秩序将城市简化为一个二元分支的集合。1980年，德勒兹和瓜塔里继续批评了树状结构，他们提出根茎作为树的替代：一个横向的、多重的系统，其中“任何点都可以连接到任何其他点”。由此，我们试图用一种非树状结构的方法论创造一个非树状结构的未来城市空间。
In 1965 Christopher Alexander wrote A City is not a Tree, in which he critiqued urban orders like those of Hilberseimer that reduced the city to a collection of dichotomous, branching conditions. In 1980 Deleuze and Guattari continue the critique of the tree in A Thousand Plateaus when they propose the rhizome as an alternative to the tree: as a lateral, multiple system in which “any point can be connected to any other, and must be. This is very different from the tree, which plots a point, fixes and order.”So we pursue this rejection of the tree, both as a generative methodological epistemology and as an essential urban structure. Can we design a city a city which is not a tree, using methods which are not tree-like?
▼树状结构与城市系统结构，tree structure vs. urban system structure
The project transformed the entire site into an edge. Embedded in this act of convolution the edge are a diagram of urban organization and a performative will to resiliency and soft edges. Our method worked recursively—with the inevitable degree of path dependency—between forces, interactions, systems, and morphology to develop our hypothesis. Our project proposes that, by developing systems and morphology that allow both sequential and striated occupation of and movement through the landscape of the site, we can create a city which enables variation, adaptation, and diversity of experience. The tree—as a structure of thought and a model of urbanism—is eluded in favour of a more open and yet more precise order.
初始地形研究 | INITIAL LANDFORM
通过对波士顿地区沿海沙丘地形海岸的研究，项目提出了将城市边界空间最大化的想法，让内陆空间与水体接触面积最大化。以此来提升应对风暴潮汐和海平面上升的空间弹性。To multiply the surface area of the edge between the land and water, to encourage infiltration and distribution of storm surge and sea-level rise waters.
▼剖面分析图：初始地形（竖向排布的半岛陆地与水道间隔分布），Serial sectional shows profile of landform (peninsulas and channels, etc.)
场地要素分析 | FORCES
▼场地上不同要素及其影响力强弱分析，Twelve diagrams that identify the various vectors and intensities on the site
场地要素相互作用 | INTERACTIONS
Site diagrams that gained the ability to adapt to additional variables and forces as we developed them, such as: ecological, urban, real estate, cultural forces
▼职能渗透，不同城市功能空间相互融合，水与陆地的边界也是灵活多变的。Program infiltration diagrams reveal the overlapping of these interactions and the fact that the edge between programs, water&land, etc., are not clearly cut lines.
系统及形态构建 | SYSTEMS & MORPHOLOGIES
On one hand, the landform and program taxonomy study, reveals morphology of different programs related to all kinds of social activities that would happened on the city land. On the other hand, housing taxonomy study reveals the morphology of major residential space related to the change of the landform and land value. Land which is more close to the inland space, are occupied with more social related programs, while residential space are more to the end of each peninsula, with higher FAR and better view of the bay area.
▼地形和功能，landform & program diagram
未来城市 | FUTURE CITY
The future city circulation: Primary north/south axis of roads along each peninsula as STREET; also transverse system, crosses peninsulas in areas where programs are linked together as BRIDGE. The circulation meshes with existing South Boston grid.
The future city architecture is adaptive. It sets a constant frame within which many possible residential and public types are possible. Housing layout along the site cares about family types, density, and courtyard recreational space. What’s more, the sloped area and the channel water space gives people opportunity to inhabit the water with all kinds of programs. The inter-tidal changing zone also provide opportunity in which the sloped land can change over time.
▼未来城市平面图，future city plan
▼整体场地模型，overall site model
▼细节剖面模型，detail section model
Archipelagos of Memory
rejuvenating the community based landscape experience
Instructor: Niall Kirkwood; Yoonjin Park; Jungyoon Kim
Project Interview Vidow by Harvard GSD
In the Quaternary period, lava layered up a plateau area with small mountain archipelagos above and a large part of the mountains buried below. The DMZ area is a 4 km wide zone in between the two countries’ border. The archipelagos located within the DMZ have always been crucial spots throughout the Korean history. Bearing memories of different ancient times, the memory of the Korean War and that of post-war tension, the archipelagos link the past geologically and symbolically. The Korean Peninsula is thus a geographically connected entity regardless of state boundaries.
Observation and Research
In the first part of mapping and analysis, we mapped out space near DMZ area with different level of human interference. Such as battles, historical incidences, urban settlements and farmlands, and mark the archipelagos with 3 levels of human interfered condition.
Human interventions, such as battles, historical incidences, urban settlements and farmlands, have impacted the land at different levels. The design of alternative nature prototypes is based on a three-level human interfered land. Assuming the unification will take most of the land for urban development, the landscape archipelagos in between will provide the community with a multifunctional space for site-viewing, walking, communication, education, etc.
As map shows, the project use the archipelagos at Cheorwon Valley Plateau area as a starting point, and wish to extend the community-based landscape system into other areas of DMZ and the hinterland.
▼场地位置，prototype site locations
▼场地模型，prototype site location model
The 1:25000 plan shows the locations of three typical types of archipelagos, the most interfered ones (which have battlefields, incidence, large urban infrastructures), the less human interfered ones (close to urban area or farmland) and the least ones (close to the forest and natural water system). There was a Iron Triangle during Korean War, which links the three crucial locations. The three types of archipelagos form a triangle space as well, which is called the alternative nature triangle. The plan taxonomy and the models illustrate the characteristic of the 3 types archipelagos.
Based on the alternative nature triangle, the detail landscape design aims at providing the community with a multifunctional space for site-viewing, walking, communication, and education.
▼3个场地原型的剖面图和植被选择，3 prototypes section & planting selection
▼铁网的再利用，reuse wire fence
▼铁网再利用分析计算，Calculation for reuse the wire fence
Type 01 has battle fields and incidents, the reutilized wire fences form the main landscape structure, while the succession of species on the structure is generating an alternative nature. The rejuvenated habitat will combine with military remnants, the past is not only frozen at those archipelagos but also evolved to a new program for the community nearby.
▼类型01平面图，Type 01 plan
▼类型01模型， TYPE 01 MODEL
Type 02 has villages or urban settlements close by, the reutilized wire fences is densed and form sloped or terrace structure for rejuvenating alternative nature. Also, the terrace and sloped dock is 50-100m long and creating this visual connection with other archipelagos.
▼类型02平面图，Type 02 plan
▼类型02模型， TYPE 02 MODEL
类型3的岛屿紧邻天然林地，在这里除了依靠种植搭配来实现自然演替之外，我们还创造了在群岛地表的下嵌式空间，形成了一个倾斜的地质观景沟，下嵌空间立面上将阐释岛屿高地之下相连的玄武岩和花岗岩地质层。Type 03 is close to the natural woodland, here besides the planting structure to initiating the alternative nature, we also create undercut of the land, which forms a sloped geological viewing ditch that reveals the basaltic rocks and granite textures on the façade.
▼类型03平面图，Type 03 plan
▼类型03模型， TYPE 03 MODEL
All those methods are not a nostalgia way of reflecting the DMZ era, but also underlines that land is always continuous regardless of the political border, the alternative nature is initiated on those archipelagos and the memory on the land is still going on.
▼透视图， perspective of geological view
关塔那摩 – 流域间的土地
Guantánamo – Land Between Rivers
Instructor: Belinda Tato
GTMO is located in an estuary in Cuba’s Guantanamo-Guaso Watershed. Rising global temperatures, increased drought, and the rain shadow cast on the land increase pressure to maintain the resource. Control of the freshwater supply is paramount for maintaining power. The contentious relationship between the US and Cuba has manifested through the creation and management of water infrastructures. While the base has existed since 1903, the militarization of the watershed was heightened in the 1960s when the US began constructing a series of physical boundaries. In reaction to this, Castro cut the water supply pipe that fed the U.S. base in 1964. This militarization of the watershed has prevented social, economic, and ecological growth in the region.
A series of border fences, checkpoints, hard infrastructures, and mine fields on either side of the US boundary prevent free movement across the estuary.
▼GTMO的通道和体块，Access & Blocks at GTMO
Alterations of the watershed based not on ecological and social perspective, but on political tension and nationalistic agenda deteriorated the vitality of the watershed. By leveraging the processes occurring across the watershed, from its most high points to the lowest at the bay, we intend to activate this hydro-social region to demilitarize the watershed and empower the region’s economy to strengthen its autonomous identity from the US naval base.
▼时间轴阐述了上游-中游-下游的不同景观干预手段，Timeline shows the process of design interventions of upstream – midstream – downstream
上游 | UPSTREAM
The large scale dams and reservoirs are over-engineered, never reaching full capacity. The vast surface area of the reservoirs have also proven inefficient; exposure to sun and wind makes them extremely prone to evaporation, causing up to 50% loss of water. Further investment in maintaining large scale dams is not an option, especially in light of their expected 50-year lifespans, the end of which are fast approaching. We propose shifting from impermeable dams and open, standing reservoirs, to a system of smaller, softly-engineered micro-dams that allow for downstream flow, and place water management into the hands of local agricultural stakeholders. Situated along flow lines which feed into the existing reservoirs, the micro-dams collect and protect water before it enters the reservoir. The intention is to create a localized and responsive network of small scale water storage that anticipates the failure of the large scale dams.
▼四条主要的河道，Four major rivers at GTMO
▼以Jaibo河为研究原型，阐述设计方案，The project took Jaibo River as a prototype to demonstrate our design intervention
The micro-dams are easily constructed and maintained by small collectives of agricultural stakeholders, shifting the power dynamic of water control from top-down to localized. The collected water is protected from evaporation and contamination through a vegetated strategy and windbreaks. The micro-dams allow for overflow and greater permeability, strengthening the downstream flows.
▼微型水坝剖面图，Sections of Micro Dams
中游 | MIDSTREAM
We address the desertification process through micro-basins, flood channels, percolation wells, and rotational agriculture. We seek to slow, hold, and percolate water that falls on the land through incremental changes in the topography and agricultural practices. By extracting brackish water and recharging the aquifers with fresh water, the groundwater’s salinity can be lowered.
下游 | DOWNSTREAM
We propose a fresh-water diversion strategy that allows for bolstering the vegetation of the alluvial plain.This will in turn catalyze a sedimentation process that builds up the micro-topography of the landscape. Sediment from upstream accumulates in designated areas to build terraces for saltwater evaporation and new forms of occupation in anticipation of volatile seas. These buffers act not only to protect the land, but also the burgeoning salt economy.
In Cuba, through its system of watershed management, a framework would be established where watershed boundaries supersede municipal boundaries.
再探港口工业用地 – 休斯敦港景观规划设计
Rethinking Port Industrial Land – Port Houston: Moving Landscape
SWA Group group work
With climate change straining the integrity of city shorelines and development increasingly encroaching into areas once claimed solely by industry working ports, waterfront land have become an important force in the changing urban terrain. Port of Houston is an example of this new, near, frontier. innovations are desired for Port of Houston to realize the conversion from single-functional landscapes to multi-functional systems that can provide more opportunities for urban public amenities. Port Houston has been a major driver to Houston’s economy growth over the last century.The Port’s 25-mile long channel weaves through Galveston Bay and Buffalo Bayou to service over 150 private and public terminals, bringing with it nearly 1.2 million jobs and $265 billion in economic impact throughout the state of Texas, which represents nearly 16% of the Texas GDP. In the United States, Port Houston is ranked first in terms of imports, foreign waterborne tonnage, and export tonnage. It integrates geographical advantages, such as petroleum industry, transportation and ecological resources. However the port itself is isolated from the surrounding communities.
▼休斯顿港历史，Port of Houston History
Observation and Research
Port Houston’s scattered clusters of gated and inaccessible industrial complexes along the Houston Ship Channel make the port an agency and operation difficult for local Houstonians to recognize and understand. Worldwide, the size of shipping vessels has grown at an unprecedented rate, Port Houston must strategize to capture opportunities in the post-Panamax era, which will likely require deepening ship channels and enlarging container terminals to accommodate ever-larger ships.
▼从区域水域分析休斯敦港地理位置，Port Houston in the context of regional watersheds
The ongoing flow of silt and its gradual deposition within Buffalo Bayou necessitates the need for constant dredging, both for its flood reduction potential upstream, and its infrastructural requirements at the Port downstream.
▼疏浚地块能力分析，Dredge Parcels Capacity
To address this issue, the landscape design of the Port Houston aims to use two major design frameworks to activate the urban space and restore the ecology, which can improve the spatial quality. The urban activation framework helps to transform port property to a more integral and visible part of the city’s public spaces, without compromising the integrity of the Port’s logistics and strict security protocols. The ecological restoration framework, on the other hand, uses design methods to mitigate the dredging landfill of ship channel, to emphasize the combination of ecological habitat and urban recreation space, and to increase regional flood protection. Port Houston, beyond its primary function as an economic driver, becomes a more visible and substantial force in urban governance of advancing region’s activation and resilience.
▼从水牛河远眺港口标志性大桥，Port gateway bridge and observation platform view from buffalo bayou
城市激活框架 | Urban Framework
The Urban Framework focuses on Port branding and urban design opportunities along the 2-mile stretch of Ship Channel at this location. The proposal highlights gateway experience to Port headquarters at the I-610 entry and the visitor center off Clinton Drive, looks at development opportunities at several waterfront sites, and introduces improvements of the port edges visible from the water and adjacent roadways. Landscape qualities of the main Port campus are enhanced by introducing recreational programming around the main visitor center/Port Museum and an adjacent dredge placement site, as well as “facade treatment” strategy for bulkhead surfaces derived from the aesthetic qualities of the Port’s container yard terminals.
▼潜在的港口品牌打造及地标性景点打造，Potential regional implementation of Port Branding, landmarks and tourism ideas
▼地块1平面图：场地引入城市活动空间，增强与周围城市空间的联通，Site 1 Plan showing site development opportunities and neighbourhood connections
▼艺术提升手段丰富航道起始段城市界面，Facades of the Turning Basin area are enhanced with art and signage
▼设计语言类型，Design language prototype
生态修复框架 | Ecological Framework
Ecological Framework examines possibilities of working with land creation processes. Port Houston established the Atkinson Island Demonstration Marsh in conjunction with the widening and deepening of the Houston Ship Channel. The constructed marsh is a demonstration of the beneficial use of dredged material. The proposal for Atkinson Island Eco-Tourism program expands on Port Houston’s attention to ecological concerns, and on building connections between communities and the Port. The Logo Bird Island, the Ship Channel gateway treatments work together as a landmark framework to make Port Houston and its footprint within the region more legible. Habitat restoration, wetland mitigation, and dredging activities result in a unique and a successionally changing landscape.
▼区域生态恢复和生态旅游理念的实施地点，Potential regional implementation of ecological restoration and ecotourism ideas
▼地块2平面图：阿特金森岛与标志岛，Site 2 Plan showing Atkinson island and port Houston logo island
SECLUSION and CONNECTION
Summer Retreat in the Mountains, Designed for My Family
Born in Beijing, our life is always filled with steady stream of vehicles and high modern buildings. Once a valuable experience give us an opportunity away from the hustle and bustle of the big city. My father rent a small mountainous area in the countryside, and built a series serious of houses, which provide our family an opportunity to get back our connection with land, and get more involved with a natural and beautiful environment. The design intended to preserve most part of the mountain space as it is, but leverage the planting layout through introducing more local species as a initiator.
▼建筑选址在相对平坦的一块台地，周围环绕山体，并与农业景观台地相连，The site is located at a relatively flat area, while surrounded with mountains and terraced farmland landscape.
▼运用当地典型的石材构建景观小品，将庭院与山体逐渐融合，The utilize of local boulder generates a natural feeling transforming from the residential courtyard to the mountain space
This site have various terraced terrains. We try to form a seclusion spirit and a thorough connection of the landscape and architectures. And hide the private residence behind screens of landscape and buildings.With the information and statistics of the climate and surroundings, I make the master plan and design the water features. This project already finish construction, and ever since then, it experienced several versions improvements. Thus I decide to illustrate this project through design drawings with photos of the construction site.
Taking advantage of the terraced landform, the major water feature is also terraced and with local boulders defining the edge
▼主水体景观图纸，Major Water Feature
▼基于当地特质石材的景观设计，Boulder selection for water feature
▼水景建造过程，water feature construction process
This part of buildings act as the first screen to form the privacy and let people visiting us have the place to rest and have parties. Three main buildings and the courtyard of this reception and conference center has the downward slope from north to south. And we have a perfect natural view of the mountains between the buildings.
▼主体建筑建造过程，Major residence group under construction
▼以山体为大背景，建筑与周围景观相融合，The architecture and landscape interventions blended into the natural mountain landscape
当代西藏 – 短暂的停歇
Tibet Contemporary – Ephemeral Infrastructure
Instructor: Zhang Ke
This project locates at the most sacred site I’ve ever been – Tibet. TIBET on the lofty Tibetan Plateau on the northern side of the Himalayas is an autonomous region of China. Talking about the contemporary Tibet, religion has a strong influence over all aspects of their lives. There are major religions, one is Chinese Buddhism and the other is Bon religion, which is the indigenous religion before Buddhism.
Observation and Research
In the massive landscape and pure nature, religion and belief always show up in some way. On one hand, local Tibetan people preserve their religion and belief, their settlement and stock farming preserve the nature and minimum manipulation of the land. On the other hand, Starting from their home, Tibetan people dream about having this hundreds of miles pilgrimage [500-1500km]. When Chinese Buddhists and Bonpos pilgrimage in Tibet, they create a pattern of interaction between the pilgrims and the Tibetan landscape. Their spiritual life is purified, while their everyday life is continuing. The pilgrims stops for resting, cooking and eating, also they stops for overnight stay. They bring all of the essential utilities and supports with them. While at the same time, rapidly expanding tourism brings more and more people biking and hiking along the similar path of pilgrimage, they make up a contemporary method of cultural pilgrimage. When the two paths converge, a new engagement between landscape and mindscape appears, centering on a shared sense of greatness that is immediate physically while latent mentally. From dawn to dusk, pilgrims come, stay, and leave, and they pray, prostrate, and stride. With no terminal, the journey turns into a restless trip where each step is a station.
The project looks into the ephemeral infrastructures along pilgrimage paths for religious and tourist pilgrims. Through basic resting space establishment and fundamental structure supply, the ephemeral infrastructures tapestry the supreme Tibetan landscape, and serving the endless pilgrimage with temporary pause spots. Instead of building permanent infrastructures in major cities and villages, locations of sites form a subsystem weaving through national highways, offering multi-speed transportation attainable coexistence. The building and structure typology is based on local materials and typical forms, which makes a spot not only a physical support infrastructure, but also accumulation of mindscape from normal believers. It is the ephemeral resting space that merges locals with visitors. At the same time, the endless pilgrimage makes the temporary pause spot continue accumulating.
▼朝圣之路，Pilgrimage Path – local & long distance
时间与空间尺度 | Geology & Time Scale
Three major paths make across this area. Pilgrimage around Benri Mountain, the sacred mountain of Bon Religion; Bön is the indigenous religion of Tibet.
Jiala Pilgrimage is the path walking into the Yumlungzangpo Grand Canyon until arrive at the last village – Jiala.
Then the third one is the major path along the national high way 318 to Lhasa and Mount Kailash. Also At the foot of the Mount Namcha Barwa in Nyingchi County of Tibet Autonomous Region, there are popular tourism attractions. According to those paths, the project aimed at infrastructures for both pilgrims and hiking people.
▼主要的朝圣之路，major Pilgrimage Paths
▼驿站分布示意，site locations for ephemeral infrastructure
The infrastructure reveals ephemerality through time scale. Some come and take a rest, some stay longer for cooking and sleeping. It is those periodical moments that continuously happen and gone makes the ephemerality, the infrastructure is holder of those moments. Moreover, in a larger time-scale, the ephemeral infrastructure itself is changing, due to building materials, wood and rammed earth may collapse, leaving the structure itself. The infrastructure itself is marking the length of time.
▼驿站选址适应典型的朝圣沿途地形，在此选取了三种典型地形研究，The infrastructure adapts the topographies; there are three typical conditions along the pilgrimage path.
▼驿站选址：山脚下、半山腰、山顶悬崖平台，According to the topography, the projects have multiple locations sitting in between villages and towns, at the nowhere of the mountain. The submontane; the hillside; and the cliff
▼三种选址的剖面图，Three site location sections
With simple geometry slice into the landscape, the interior space is around 30 m2, is the epitome of efficiency; every available space is utilized as a combined program space. Trying to compact the storage and other utility and cooking area close to the entry hallway, and release the resting and dining area with viewing windows connected to the nature. Circulation here is dynamic based on the topography. Viewing platform provides more open activities either on the roof or beneath the building.
In this infrastructure the space mix the Tibetan people with tourists at the same resting stop, having similar everyday activities, build the conversation between cultures and religions.
▼悬崖路径透视，Perspective – Cliff Path
▼内部透视，Perspective – Inside
▼山下透视，Perspective – Submontane Path
在海外时间：2015.06 – 至今
When: 2015.06 to present
Where: Houston, Boston
Who: Na Wang
School: Peking University, GSD
Firm: SWA Group