The project of Nishan Sacredland Great Learning Hall (the “Hall”) is located at the southern foot of the Nishan Mountain in Qufu, Shandong Province, the birthplace of Confucius. It is an integrated cultural project incorporating cultural experience, learning and enlightenment, eco-tourism, and education and training.
▼项目概览，General view ©章勇
建筑布局 | Architectural Layout
▼核心区鸟瞰，Aerial view of core zone ©章勇
Different from buildings built on flat grounds, the building strives to be close to the topography of the mountain and integrates with the hills, trying best to avoid the terrain catchment ditches and the original forest belts. Relying on the topography of the mountain, it retreats layer by layer to give rise to a form strewn at random. The building has a total of nine floors. The exterior reveals the formation of a three-floor base and a five-floor main building. The building is 175 meters wide and 205 meters deep. The Hall, taking into account the elevation, has made a three-dimensional multi-row courtyard. Moreover, combined with the topography of the mountain, it has formed a Z-shaped main building layout.
▼项目鸟瞰，Bird’s eye view ©章勇
空间游线 | Touring Line in the Space
The design, having adopted the spatial composition of traditional buildings such as the Temple of Confucius in Qufu, consists of three levels: The natural courtyard on the periphery, the public buildings connected by winding corridors in the middle, and the core halls such as “benevolence, wisdom, propriety, ritual and credit” in the center. These spaces are connected in tandem by a tour line, leading to more enjoyable places in travelling.
▼大学之道台阶大厅，The Steps Hall of the Way of Great Learning ©章勇
▼七十二贤廊，The Corridor of Seventy-Two Virtuous Persons ©章勇
▼仁厅，The Benevolence Hall ©章勇
▼礼厅，The Propriety Hall ©章勇
形态设计 | Form Design
The design of the building form gives rise to a dynamic balance of power with asymmetrical blocks. The lower annexes withdraw from the platform layer by layer, setting off the tall momentum of the upper main building. The building adopts a wide and gentle sloping roof, giving a broad and far-reaching feeling. The architectural style is “not rigid, not extreme, and seeking moderation.” It has great momentum, yet not displaying ostentatiously. It features a humble and simplistic exterior and an exquisite interior. It is full of antiquity without losing modern simplicity. It conforms to moral codes while respecting nature. It also highlights the connotations of Confucianism.
▼层层退台，Layers of back sets ©章勇
The material base of the facade is bluestone produced in Jiaxiang, Shandong Province. Its surface treatment reflects the characteristics of modern technology. The main building is made of wood-colored aluminum plates and dark red sandstone to reflect the tones of traditional wooden buildings, while the upper roof is made of gray metal and flat tiles to show the inclination of traditional roofing.
▼孔子大学堂，Grand Confucius Academic Pavilion Exterior ©章勇
▼立面局部，Parts of the Facade ©章勇
▼立面细节，Detailed view of the Facade ©章勇
建筑景观 | Architectural Landscape
The Hall is built in mountains and rivers. Confucius’ views of mountains and rivers have been taken as the starting point of the design for the main architectural landscape design. The building is a vital landscaping element of the Nishan Mountain. It forms a long landscape painting scroll with the Nishan Sacred Lake. Meanwhile, the landscape has been introduced into the high and low platforms planted with ancient pines. Stacked in the mountains, they match with the inscriptions of great Confucian scholars, forming various courtyards featuring Confucian cultural themes.
▼山水景观，Mountains and rivers ©章勇
艺术设计 | Art Design
The Hall is an art hall showing Confucian culture, striving to be consistent with Confucius’ artistic thoughts in its outdoor architectural components, artistic decoration and artistic walls. It has spared no effort in being exquisite and yet not complicated; it is also closely related to stories of Confucius. As Confucius was an epitome of thoughts, the Hall also adopts rich artistic expressions showing unique Chinese artistic charm, so as to match the architectural space.
▼建筑总平面图，General Plan of the Building ©圆直建筑
▼建筑二层平面图，Plan of the Second Floor of the Building ©圆直建筑
项目设计 & 完成年份：2013.12-2018.9