New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb by Kincl d.o.o. + Neidhardt arhitekti d.o.o.

The waving roof.

Project Specs

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Appreciation towards Kincl d.o.o. + Neidhardt arhitekti d.o.o. for providing the following description:

2008年,札格瑞布机场新航站楼竞标项目展开。为保证竞标的专业性,此次竞标委员会由十位享有盛誉的建筑师组成,并邀请十位来自克罗地亚的建筑师参加此次竞标。该竞标最终由克罗地亚设计师Branko Kincl, Velimir Neidhardt 和 Jure Radić获得胜利。2013年该航站楼正式破土动工。新航站楼由法企经营,由 Kincl d.o.o.与Neidhardt arhitekti d.o.o.公司设计并由IGH Projektiranje d.o.o.建造。航站楼一期工程于2017年3月开始运行,其占地面积65,000平方米,年均客流量五百万人次。 一期工程北侧包含八座登机桥,南侧连通离港到港高架交通轨道。当客流量超过五百万人次时,该高架交通可以将旅客引向航站楼东部延展部分。该航站楼将在后期于东西方向扩展至十座,十二座和十五座登机桥以承载更多的客流量。未来三十年内,待航站楼二期工程竣工将服务于八百万旅客。

In 2008, an international architectural design competition was held to select the best project for the New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb. In order to ensure architectural excellence, an international competition jury invited ten world-renowned architects together with ten acknowledged Croatian architects to participate, ultimately awarding first prize and commission to the entry designed by Croatian authors-architects Branko Kincl, Velimir Neidhardt and Jure Radić. The French concessionaire started building in 2013 executing the design delivered by authors-architects and design companies IGH Projektiranje d.o.o., Kincl d.o.o., Neidhardt arhitekti d.o.o. The new terminal complex opened in March 2017 as the 1st phase construction of 65,000 m2 serves up to 5 million passengers a year.The first phase site plan has 8 boarding bridges linked to the terminal building on the north side, and an arrival/departure ramp with a viaduct on the south. The viaduct is built to accommodate the extension of the terminal building to the east, when the airport capacity increases over 5 million passengers, and in addition to east and west with both piers extensions to 10, 12 and 15 boarding bridges in several phases according to the number of passengers. At the end of 30-year concession 2nd phase additions will serve 8 million passengers.

▼札格瑞布机场外观,view of the terminal

机场入口处公共场所周围的区域组织以步行游憩空间为主导。两座交通环岛之间的交通要道,作为高架桥坡道的连接道路,可连通至地面10.20米高的到港路缘。内部道路和离港到港坡道
位于中央步行道路两侧。旅客公用停车场位于东部,员工停车场,公共交通和出租车站,以及租车机构停车场位于西部。航站楼主要接客大厅共地面和地上两层。各层均包含室内外坡梯和升降梯,并彼此连通。

The landside surroundings spatial organization at the entrance allows the dominance of pedestrian esplanade in the middle. The traffic functions between two traffic roundabouts which serve as connecting points to viaduct ramps leading to or from the departure level curb at 10.20 m above the ground. Internal roads and arrival/departure ramps are flanking the central pedestrian surface. A passenger car park is situated on the east, and on the west there is an employee’s parking, bus and taxi stops and a rent-a-car amenities including their parking. Main public levels at landside of the terminal—the ground and upper departure level—are connected by outdoor escalators and elevators and by interior sets of elevators and stairs within circulation cores.

▼航站楼一期包含八座登机桥,the first phase site plan has 8 boarding bridges

航站楼以三层加固的混凝土结构为基底。一个动感十足的屋顶于航站楼大厅飞扬而起,形成美丽壮观的景象。其雕塑般的外貌描述了建筑的最原始属性。屋顶的曲面设计成为该航站楼的设计亮点。航站楼外围结构为向两边弯曲展开的立体桁架,以三角形网格模块为基础,部署成千上万个预制钢管和节点,并最终形成明亮,光滑和干净的屋顶表面。

Three levels of reinforced concrete structure form the terminal’s base. A dynamic roof envelope, which unwraps itself, to levitate above the terminal hall generates the free dynamics of the structural net—an iconic expression of the landscape and its relief features as original attributions to the generated architectural form. The distinctiveness of the architectural design is achieved through a composition of hypars. The envelope structure is a spatial truss gently curved in two directions deploying tens of thousands prefabricated steel tubes and nodes based on the triangular off grid module ending in bright, glossy and clean roof surfaces.

▼动感十足的航站楼屋顶,the waving roof of the terminal

▼航站楼外围为向两边弯曲展开的立体桁架结构,the envelope structure is a spatial truss

同样的,大厅内部天花板充满了独创性设计,布满钢结构部件的曲面天花板。这种数字化结构生成模式将建筑工程引向更高水平。

In the same way, the interior is enriched with the originality of the curved ceiling and construction that is bursting with a multitude of steel elements of the spatial steel structure. Such a computer-generated harmony leads the engineering interpretation towards the top of the architectural concept materialization.

▼内部屋顶布满钢结构部件,the interior is enriched with the originality of the curved ceiling

航站楼内部遵循机场设计标准,并采用简单整洁的规划方式。自然光线与人工照明按功能需求合理分配,并以此组织出清晰的步行道路。巨大的玻璃立面让旅客在航站楼穿行的过程中享受户外景观。宽敞的内外空间让航站楼内部体验更加舒适,也令旅途更加怡人。

The terminal building interior ambience bears the attributes of neat, clearly arranged areas that follow the functional requirements of airport protocols. Well-lit spaces with natural and artificial diffused illumination are distinguished with great functionality based on a clear organization of short connections—paths. Large glass facade surfaces give the passengers the chance to enjoy the landscape while moving through the terminal building. The perception of interior and exterior spaciousness contributes the sense of comfort while staying in the terminal building and makes the journey more appealing.

▼宽敞的内部组织,the wide and flexible organization of the interior

▼自然光线的灵活组织,the spaces is well-lit with natural light

灵活的空间架构,让由基于混凝土基底上的,14.40 x 14.40米模式化网格所形成的开放空间,可适应性更强。后张预应力钢筋混凝土结构,架构在7.20米,14.40米乘数等多跨度网格上。离到港码头的灵活性设计,为未来增长的空中交通压力提供保障。全新的客运大楼尺寸为153 x 153米,高35米,离到港码头长184米,总建筑面积达65,000平方米。

Flexibility of conceptual scheme allows for adaptability with open spaces formed by predominantly 14.40 x 14.40 m modular column grid at the concrete base. Post-stressed reinforced concrete structure is built on a grid pattern with various spans that are multipliers of the base module: 7.20 m, 14.40 m, etc. The pier design allows for flexibility that is necessary to sustain the expected increase of air traffic in the future. New Passenger Terminal building dimensions are 153 m by 153 m, reaching to a height up to 35 m, with a 284 m long pier, total gross building area of 65,000 m2.

▼灵活的空间架构,a flexibility of conceptual scheme

功能分布于上下四层垂直规划:
到港位于地面层
到港通道和换乘通道位于二层
离港大厅与登机口位于三层

Functional organization is developed and distributed vertically among the four levels:
• Arrival level is located at the level “0” ground floor
• Arrival gallery/Transfer-transit level at the 1st floor
• Departure hall areas with check-in islands at the 2nd floor

▼垂直功能分布,function in layers

办理登机手续之后,旅客穿行至登机口,随后向四层到达离港通道。在安检和护照审查后,进入登机桥前,旅客将被指引向下层到达免税店,酒吧,餐厅和候机厅和付费休息处。

Leaving the check-in area passengers reach the boarding ticket control counter and subsequently are invited to ascend to the Departure gallery at the 3rd floor level. Upon security check and passports control, passengers descend to duty-free/commercial amenities shops, bars, restaurants, waiting areas and a CIP lounge, located before the reach of air bridges gates at the departure hall level.

▼候机厅,waiting lounge

▼旅客与户外景观的对望,views from the interior to the landscape

全新的航站大楼可应对近乎一切能源应急需求,且建造符合生态可持续性。

The NPT building could sustain a major crisis possibly caused by a failure of all standard energy supply sources. All other procedures support an ecologically sustainable concept of the completed design.

▼夕阳下的航站楼,terminal in the dusk

Data Sheet
Official name of the project: New Passenger Terminal at Franjo Tuđman International Airport Zagreb
Location: Zagreb/Velika Gorica, Croatia
Authors—Architects: Branko Kincl, Velimir Neidhardt, Jure Radić
Design Companies: Kincl d.o.o., Neidhardt arhitekti d.o.o., IGH Projektiranje d.o.o.
Area: 65,860.00 m2
Construction: 2013–2016
Project end date: 09/2016
Client: MZLZ d.o.o.
Photo credits/Photographers: Josip Škof, Studio HRG, Damir Fabijanić

English text: from architects
Chinese text: gooood

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